Advantages and disadvantages of several myopia correction methods

Abstract: there is a certain relationship between the deepening of myopia and functional abnormalities such as eye regulation. The implementation of corresponding functional training for these children can effectively prevent the aggravation of myopia to a certain extent., Progressive multifocal glasses is a correction method designed based on the theory of myopia adjustment., The practice over the years has shown that the mechanism of the occurrence and development of myopia is very complex, and it is difficult to solve the problem of myopia simply from the perspective of regulation. From recent studies, the effect of this method on myopia control is quite different in different situations., Therefore, when choosing this method to correct myopia, we should have a certain selectivity and cannot implement it at will., Corneal shaping lens, with its special design, can effectively “reshape” the corneal morphology of myopia, It enables the wearer (usually at night) to obtain ideal naked vision during the day after continuous use for a period of time (usually 1 week). However, this method is not suitable for myopia, age and eye (especially the cornea) conditions have certain restrictions, which need to be matched under the guidance of professional doctors, and can not be selected blindly. In addition, although you can see clearly during the day, myopia itself will not disappear. In view of this, myopic people, especially young myopic patients and their parents, need to listen to the opinions of professionals and choose them carefully.

progressive multifocal glasses

corrects juvenile myopia with progressive multifocal glasses, which is a correction method designed based on myopia adjustment theory.

and years of practice have shown that the mechanism of myopia occurrence and development is very complex, and it is difficult to solve the problem of myopia simply by regulating. From recent studies, the effect of this method on myopia control is quite different in different situations.

therefore, when choosing this method to correct myopia, we should have a certain selectivity and cannot implement it at will.

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corneal shaping lenses

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corneal shaping lenses are specially designed to effectively “reshape the corneal morphology of myopia, It enables the wearer (usually at night) to obtain ideal naked eye vision during the day after continuous use for a period of time (usually 1 week).

however, this method is not suitable for myopia, age and eye (especially cornea) conditions have certain restrictions, which need to be matched under the guidance of professional doctors, and can not be selected blindly. In addition, although you can see clearly during the day, myopia itself will not disappear. In view of this, myopic people, especially young myopic patients and their parents, need to fully listen to the opinions of professionals and choose carefully.

RGP

RGP is a special contact lens with the functions of correcting myopia and shaping. Because the air permeability of its material is much better than that of OK lens, it is widely used in clinic, and its inhibitory effect on the development trend of juvenile myopia has also been clinically verified. However, because it is a special medical device, it needs to be checked and matched in formal institutions, and children need to wear it as required, check it regularly and update it in time.

functional training

in addition, the deepening of myopia in some myopic people is related to functional abnormalities such as eye adjustment. The implementation of corresponding functional training for these children can effectively prevent the aggravation of myopia to a certain extent. Thus, it is expected that such myopia can effectively avoid the trouble of visual fatigue and get rid of the haze of the continuous growth of myopia, but this method can not reduce the degree of true myopia.

surgical correction

laser correction of hand

the principle of this operation is to remove corneal tissue in specific areas with excimer laser, Reduce the radian of its front surface (flatten) and reduce the refractive power of the cornea, so as to correct myopia and improve vision.

Therefore, the requirements for eye conditions of such patients are much more stringent than those for non-surgical correction. The requirements for age, eye conditions, especially corneal thickness, are relatively strict. If the doctor does not recommend the operation, please do not force the operation.

ICL lens implantation

this is a “contact lens” that can be implanted into the eye, which can not only reduce corneal damage, but also improve “naked eye” vision. It has become a new choice for many patients with high myopia who are unwilling to do laser surgery.

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have strict examination before operation, and there are certain restrictions on age, eye conditions and physical health. If you can choose this method, please consult your doctor.

for those aged < 18, the refractive state of the eyes has not reached a stable level, the degree of myopia may further increase, and the eyeball structure has not been fully developed, Therefore, it is not recommended for the time being (except for treatment under special circumstances). For those over 55 years old, the patient may have cataract. At this time, ICL myopia surgery will have a short duration of postoperative effect. Cataract surgery can be performed and myopia can be corrected.