After 53 years of eye exercises, he was accused of maiming teenagers?

Abstract: as early as 1972, China’s National Education Commission stipulated that primary school students should do eye exercises twice a day. Over the years, this has become an eye care project in every school.

remember the poster on the classroom wall?

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do you remember the sonorous and powerful

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broadcasts sounded by the small horn during recess?

“to protect eyesight and prevent myopia for the revolution, eye exercises now, close your eyes…”

this set of eye exercises accompanied by soothing music, together with the crisp children’s voice shouting the beat, is still kind and familiar to many middle-aged Chinese people in the 21st century.

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as early as 1972, China’s National Education Commission stipulated that primary school students should do eye exercises twice a day. Over the years, this has become an eye care project in every school. Every Chinese child has joined the ranks of doing eye exercises since he entered the school. Eye care operation is the tradition of Chinese campus culture, which has long been integrated into the lives of several generations and carries the memories of several generations.

it was born because of a health survey

in 1961, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of education conducted a vision survey among primary and secondary school students in the city. The results showed that the myopia rate of primary and secondary school students increased significantly with age. The myopia rate of primary school students was 10%, junior middle school students was 20% and senior high school students was 30%. This group of survey figures made many people at that time realize that protecting the eyesight of primary and secondary school students is an urgent task and imperative, so they began to strive to find a good strategy for students to protect their eyesight.

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the Beijing Municipal Bureau of education has few staff, and the physical health department has only three teachers in total. After discussion, it decided to form a “worker peasant soldier cooperation group” and immediately began the work of preventing myopia in primary and secondary schools in the city.

Yan Yirou, Yu Fengzhu and Chen Yongfu envisioned promoting a kind of massage exercise that can make the eyes get health care in primary and secondary schools. After multiple inquiries, They inquired about Beijing Medical College (now known as the medical department of Peking University) Liu Shiming, director of the physical education teaching and research group, once created a set of eye exercises, so he visited the door and asked for advice with an open mind. Liu Shiming had some attainments in traditional Chinese medicine massage. His myopia reached 700 degrees, and his children’s myopia was 600 degrees and 1000 degrees respectively. In his usual exploration, Liu Shiming created a set of eye exercises to treat his own and their children’s eyes It has achieved certain curative effect in controlling the development of myopia. The

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eye exercises consist of 8 sections, with not only written instructions, but also acupoint diagrams. Under the guidance of Liu Shiming, the three of them soon mastered acupoints and techniques. In order to verify its feasibility, in 1963, they decided to conduct a pilot in Beijing No. 28 middle school. In the same year, Beijing Jingshan School, beimencang primary school and other schools began to try this set of eye exercises.

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became popular in Beijing to

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all over the country. Since 1963, the first set of 8-section eye exercises has been gradually expanded in some primary and secondary schools in Beijing. Zhang wensong, director of the Publicity Department of the Beijing Municipal Party committee, published a half page editorial entitled “care for eyes” on the front page of the Beijing Daily, and the whole of Beijing really began to promote eye exercises for primary and secondary school students.

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train the class cadres of primary and secondary schools in batches in the Third Hospital of Beijing Medical University every day, and then these class cadres go back to teach the students. The district education bureaus often send special personnel to their schools to inspect the specific conditions of eye exercises and myopia prevention. Every night when they study by themselves, the education bureaus and epidemic prevention stations should send personnel to the school for random inspection, measure the light in the classroom with an illuminance meter, see if the brightness is enough, and then measure the distance between students’ eyes and the table with a ruler, See if it meets the standard distance of more than 1 meter.

at the same time, driven by Beijing, eye exercises were soon imitated by some foreign cities and rapidly implemented in primary and secondary schools all over China.

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died prematurely during the cultural revolution.

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with the advent of the cultural revolution in 1966, the school was closed, the teachers came home, and there were endless voices questioning eye exercises: “Liu Shiming’s nickname is Liu blind, and his own and his children’s eyes are highly myopic. Why continue to promote his eye exercises in school?” In this voice, eye exercises will “die prematurely” on the way. Yu Fengzhu and other three people carefully kept the hand-painted diagrams and waited quietly. Until 1972, when the school resumed normal classes, Yu Fengzhu and other talents moved out the eye exercises that had been devoted to many years.

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they invited Li Yutian, director of orthopedics department of Beijing Hospital of traditional Chinese medicine and Lu Yinghua, director of massage department of Guang’anmen Hospital of Chinese Academy of traditional Chinese medicine. The two experts basically affirmed the health care function of this set of eye exercises, and corrected and emphasized the massage techniques. In order to facilitate learning and promotion, under the guidance of two experts, they simplified the original 8 eye exercises to 5, and made some changes. When

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first implemented eye exercises in pilot schools, the health committee members in the class shouted the password. In order to facilitate operation and promotion, Yu Fengzhu and others discussed making eye exercises into records, and planned to print a batch of standard acupoint hanging charts of eye exercises. A girl surnamed Liu in the fifth grade of Guangming primary school in Beijing looked clever, beautiful and lovely, with big and bright eyes, which fully met the standard. The model of the wall chart was set. Next, they found a female student with a sweet voice from the Capital Normal University of physical education to shout the password, and asked the China Record agency to record the record. The soundtrack used folk music, However, records are frequently used and seriously worn.

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were finally composed by the PLA military Orchestra and accompanied by the general political song and dance troupe. This time, the cassette was released. The accompaniment music did not use the last folk music, but used percussion instruments such as sand hammer, which would highlight the sense of rhythm. Therefore, the second set of eye exercises was born. These five exercises were implemented since 1972, and then changed to four, which lasted until 2008, A new version of eye exercises came out.

questioned eye exercises

2012On 16 July, A microblog “besieging” the “useless theory” of eye exercises released by netizens makes the topic of eye exercises the focus of attention again: “Eye exercises have harmed Chinese teenagers for 49 years. Massage acupoints that have no effect. In the past 49 years, the myopia rate of Chinese teenagers has risen to the second in the world, reaching 360 million people. Doing eye exercises can not improve their eyesight. Many students massage with dirty hands, resulting in red eye disease, eye infection, etc.”

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ophthalmologists said that the role of eye exercises in preventing students’ myopia needs to be further verified, but doing eye exercises correctly can alleviate visual fatigue to a certain extent. Long term adherence to eye exercises can promote blood circulation around the eyes, alleviate eye fatigue and protect the eyes. The view that improving eyesight through eye exercises is absolute, but we can’t deny the eye protection effect of eye exercises. Eye exercises can not be suppressed, nor can they be blindly praised without data.

@ sister hongdousha

did eye exercises during recess when she was a child, and the music played by the tweeter was ambiguous. She listened to “for the revolution, protect your eyesight, eye exercises, start…” as “for life, protect your eyesight, eye exercises, start…” thinking that you can’t live without good eye protection, so she tried to rub her eyes every time, Squeeze your eyes.

@ babies who love doing health exercises

when they talk about eye health exercises, many post-80s will immediately speak pure Mandarin and recite in cadence with extremely excited girls: “for the revolution, protect eyesight, prevent myopia, eye health exercises, start!” Then the female voice took a breath and kept the high momentum of red guards reading big character newspapers from beginning to end. In fact, there are two versions. Since the mid-1990s, “protecting eyesight” is not “for the revolution”. So there was a gentle and pleasant female voice: “eye exercises, start, close your eyes.” Basically, from these two versions of memory, you can tell whether you were born in the early or late 1980s.

@ old man’s scum

in fact, how can children remember that acupoint. The second section is obviously pinching the corners of the eyes. Many people pinch the bridge of the nose. Some children are quick tempered and can do four actions in one beat. In fact, everyone doesn’t like doing eye exercises and feels bored. So they all envy team leader Zhou. At least he doesn’t have to do it this week.

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are the four sections of the old version.

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are the same as Xiaobian. They have not heard clearly for more than ten years!

section 1: knead

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of Tianying acupoint section 2: squeeze

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of Jingming acupoint section 3: knead

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of Sibai acupoint section 4: press the temple and scrape the eye socket

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round. We are the generation who grew up from small to do eye exercises, but the generation with the most myopia. This reason will not be discussed. Today, in order to be nostalgic, I specially downloaded the music of eye exercises. The familiar music that I haven’t seen for a long time sounded. I somehow burst into tears. It may be because the eye exercises are not done well and my eyes are broken.

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