Amblyopia is not equal to myopia. Children’s vision is poor. Don’t mistake it for myopia

Abstract: amblyopia is a common eye disease in children. During children’s visual development, Due to various reasons (such as myopia, hyperopia, strabismus, blepharoptosis, etc.), the effective stimulation of visual cells is insufficient, resulting in a visual function development lag state in which the corrected vision is lower than that of normal children of the same age. Children in kindergartens check their vision every year, and many of them are mistaken for “myopia” because of poor vision , myopia at a young age? However, these children after ophthalmic mydriasis optometry found that it is not myopia but amblyopia! Ophthalmologists point out that amblyopia is much more harmful to children’s visual function than myopia., 1. Amblyopia and myopia are not the same thing. Amblyopia is a common eye disease in children. During children’s visual development, For various reasons (such as myopia, hyperopia, strabismus, blepharoptosis, etc.) cause insufficient effective stimulation of visual cells, resulting in a visual function development lag state in which the corrected visual acuity is lower than that of normal children of the same age. During physical examination in kindergartens, doctors often let children look at the visual acuity chart to screen their visual acuity. However, children’s visual acuity is not well developed, and their understanding of the visual acuity chart is not enough, Therefore, sometimes they point at the visual acuity chart, so that the examination results are not good, which is considered to be “poor vision”. Parents are particularly nervous when they hear that their children have poor eyesight and mistakenly think it is myopia. In fact, the proportion of myopia in preschool children is not high. Therefore, don’t think that the poor eyesight of preschool children must be myopia. They are often amblyopia., Experts point out that amblyopia and myopia are not a disease at all. Myopia often occurs in school age and adolescents. It is an eye disease of “seeing far and near clearly” caused by the lengthening of the eye axis due to excessive tension of the eye regulating muscle ciliary muscle or heredity. Moreover, after children wear glasses, their corrected vision can return to normal; Amblyopia is more common in preschool. It is an eye disease with visual function retardation and disorder, often accompanied by strabismus, high refractive error, and the visual acuity with glasses can not be corrected to normal. I can’t see far or near., 2. Wear glasses, clear vision and stimulate development. Amblyopia is much more harmful to children’s visual function than myopia. Because myopia is only a decline in vision when looking far away, after wearing glasses, vision is mostly normal; Children with amblyopia not only have low vision and can not be corrected, but also affect the development of binocular visual function. They may not be able to engage in driving, mapping and fine work in the future., Children in

kindergarten check their eyesight every year. Many of them are mistaken for “myopia” because of poor eyesight. Are they myopia at a young age? However, these children after ophthalmic mydriasis optometry found that it is not myopia but amblyopia! Ophthalmologists point out that amblyopia is much more harmful to children’s visual function than myopia.

1. Amblyopia and myopia are not the same thing.

amblyopia is a common eye disease in children. During children’s visual development, Due to various reasons (such as myopia, hyperopia, strabismus, blepharoptosis, etc.), the effective stimulation of visual cells is insufficient, resulting in a delayed state of visual function development with corrected visual acuity lower than that of normal children of the same age.

During physical examination in kindergartens, doctors often let children look at the visual acuity chart to screen their eyesight. However, children’s eyesight is not well developed, and their understanding of the visual acuity chart is not enough, so they sometimes point at the visual acuity chart, so that the inspection results are not good, which is considered to be “poor eyesight”. Parents are particularly nervous when they hear that their children have poor eyesight and mistakenly think it is myopia. In fact, the proportion of myopia in preschool children is not high. Therefore, don’t think that the poor eyesight of preschool children must be myopia. They are often amblyopia.

and

experts point out that amblyopia and myopia are not a disease at all. Myopia often occurs in school age and adolescents. It is an eye disease of “seeing far and near clearly” caused by the lengthening of the eye axis due to excessive tension of the eye regulating muscle ciliary muscle or heredity. Moreover, after children wear glasses, their corrected vision can return to normal; Amblyopia is more common in preschool. It is an eye disease with visual function retardation and disorder, often accompanied by strabismus, high refractive error, and the visual acuity with glasses can not be corrected to normal. I can’t see far or near.

2. Wearing glasses and clear vision stimulate the development of

amblyopia is much more harmful to children’s visual function than myopia. Because myopia is only a decline in vision when looking far away, after wearing glasses, vision is mostly normal; Children with amblyopia not only have low vision and can not be corrected, but also affect the development of binocular visual function. They may not be able to engage in driving, mapping and fine work in the future.

so, how should amblyopia be treated? Lin Xiaoming said that most children with amblyopia are accompanied by ametropia, so when checking amblyopia, we must mydriasis optometry. The purpose is to accurately test the actual diopter in order to match appropriate glasses. Only on the basis of wearing glasses to correct ametropia, can amblyopia training be carried out at the same time, so that the clear object image can repeatedly stimulate the retinal fixation center and improve visual sensitivity, can vision be improved. Therefore, mydriasis and glasses must be worn in the treatment of amblyopia.

and

glasses must be worn without interruption. It’s normal to wear amblyopia treatment glasses at the beginning, and the vision does not improve much. Wearing glasses requires a period of adaptation. As long as you insist on wearing glasses, your vision will gradually improve.

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experts remind that glasses should be constantly adjusted. This is because amblyopia children are in the development stage, and the diopter of both eyes changes with age, so a pair of glasses cannot be worn all the time. Generally, children under 3 years old have mydriatic optometry once every six months, and children over 4 years old have mydriatic optometry once every year. Each time, whether to change the lens again is decided according to the change of diopter and the correction of amblyopia and strabismus.

of course, most of the glasses of children with amblyopia can be removed when they grow up. This is because amblyopia children with hyperopia are more common. With the growth of amblyopia children’s age and the development of eyeballs, the degree of hyperopia will gradually decrease, the degree of glasses will also decrease, the vision will gradually return to normal, and the glasses will be removed. Of course, if cured amblyopia children do not pay attention to eye hygiene during development and cause myopia, they need to wear myopia glasses again.

3. Treatment