be careful! High myopia needs to be vigilant against these five kinds of complications!

Abstract: Patients with high myopia are more likely to be complicated with cataract than ordinary people. High myopia will have cataract early, and the effect of cataract surgery is worse than that of people without high myopia history. Recently, a young patient came to the clinic of

. She always had some small dark shadows floating in front of her, just like mosquitoes. She is an accountant with high myopia for more than eight years. It was suspected that the contact lenses were dirty. She bought some new contact lenses back. But strangely, the little shadow did not disappear. Having never encountered such a problem, she was really confused and frightened.

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are diagnosed by doctors as vitreous opacity caused by high myopia, which is often called “flying mosquito disease”. From the diagnosis, Ms. Wu’s fundus condition is not very good, and her retina is relatively fragile. She should pay attention not to exercise violently at ordinary times.

high myopia patients are alert to five complications.

high myopia is also known as pathological myopia and genetic myopia in medicine. Patients with high myopia need to prevent five kinds of complications, including retinal detachment and cataract.

  1. Cataract

high myopia patients are more likely to be complicated with cataract than ordinary people. High myopia will have cataract early, and the effect of cataract surgery is worse than that of people without high myopia history.

  2. Glaucoma

many patients with high myopia will develop glaucoma, and glaucoma is the second blinding eye disease at present, which is characterized by high intraocular pressure, progressive decline of visual acuity and narrowing of visual field. At present, the disease can not be cured, and the development of the disease can only be controlled by drugs, lasers, surgery and other treatment measures.

  3. Flying mosquito disease

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are medically called vitreous opacity, which is mainly caused by vitreous liquefaction. When looking at things, there are dark shadows floating in front of you, just like mosquitoes flying. Myopic patients with flying mosquito disease should regularly check the fundus of the eye and pay attention to the health of the retina.

  4. Retinal detachment

the probability of retinal detachment in high myopia is 2.5 times that of ordinary myopia and 10 times that of non myopia. Retinal detachment is mainly manifested by sudden blurred vision, deformation and dark shadow occlusion, which can lead to blindness in severe cases. Once the retina is detached, surgery is needed immediately to avoid further deterioration of vision.

  5. Atrophy of retina and choroid

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eyeball dilation in patients with high myopia, resulting in posterior scleral staphyloma, thinning of retina and atrophy. When the macula is involved in retinal atrophy, macular hemorrhage and holes can occur, vision is seriously reduced, and there are central fixed dark spots. There are many beauty lovers like

and

, because they really don’t like the thick “bottom of wine bottle” and prefer contact lenses. However, wearing contact lenses for a long time may damage the cornea, and it has no effect on the control of myopia. The degree of myopia continues to develop, which is still easy to cause complications.

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ophthalmologists remind that patients with high myopia need to check the fundus regularly regardless of whether the degree has changed or not. At present, laser surgery and ICL are effective ways to get rid of the “bottom of wine bottle”, restore normal vision and reduce potential health hazards.