Abstract: relevant data show that eye exercises have a certain effect on alleviating eye fatigue and preventing myopia, but there is no special separate saying that eye exercises are to prevent myopia. The original intention of eye exercises is to improve the blood circulation of the eyes and relax the ciliary muscles through the massage of meridians and acupoints, so as to achieve the effect of protecting vision.
a netizen’s microblog “eye exercises have maimed Chinese youth for 49 years” has caused an uproar. Is it useful to do eye exercises every day when I was a child? Why is the number of myopia rising?
“knead Tianying acupoint, squeeze Jingming acupoint, knead Sibai acupoint, round scrape eye socket…” this set of eye exercises accompanied by soothing music, together with the crisp children’s voice shouting rhythm, is still kind and familiar to many middle-aged Chinese people in the 21st century. Since the late 1960s, eye exercises have been tried out in Beijing and gradually promoted to schools all over the country. Since then, after a crisp bell, the students began to habitually do eye exercises. Although
are not proved, they have certain benefits. The relevant data of
show that eye exercises have a certain effect on alleviating eye fatigue and preventing myopia, but there is no special separate saying that eye exercises are to prevent myopia. The original intention of eye exercises is to improve the blood circulation of the eyes and relax the ciliary muscles through the massage of meridians and acupoints, so as to achieve the effect of protecting vision.
“eye exercises is a massage method based on traditional Chinese medicine massage, meridian theory and sports medical treatment.” Professor Li Xiaoqing, deputy director of the eye center of the first hospital of Peking University, said in an interview with the science and Technology Daily that both “Jingming point” and “Sibai point” are derived from the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and are not groundless. “Although there are no scientific theories and clinical trials to prove that doing eye exercises can indeed prevent myopia, it should be beneficial to the eyes.” Li Xiaoqing,
, said myopia is a multifactorial problem. Because of the high incidence rate of myopia, it is unfair to recognize that eye exercises are useless. In the outpatient service, the common causes of myopia are the younger age of myopia caused by early education and the improper use of various video terminals.
“at present, there is still a lack of very effective medical treatment for myopia. Doing eye exercises correctly and effectively massaging acupoints around the eyes can at least relax the eyes and relieve the fatigue caused by continuous myopia.” Li Xiaoqing said that since children’s learning tasks need to rely on close eye use to complete, since they “have to use eyes”, children, parents and schools should find ways to fine tune some factors together, so as to ensure scientific and comfortable eye use. The first point is to change “continuous eye use” into “intermittent eye use”.
many students don’t do exercises seriously. How about the implementation of
eye exercises in school? The reporter learned in the interview that the vast majority of schools have begun to implement the new version of eye exercises. However, it is basically difficult for students to wash their hands before doing eye exercises, and the time for senior students to do eye exercises is occupied from time to time.
“our school does eye exercises twice a day, once in the morning and once in the afternoon.” Fan fan, who is in the fourth grade of primary school, said, but the students didn’t take it very seriously. Some even did it while opening their eyes.
fan fan told reporters that when some students were doing “the third section of pressing and rubbing Sibai acupoints”, they should press their index fingers on the acupoints on both sides respectively, press their thumbs in the depression, and the other fingers will relax naturally. “But when some students do this section, they just rub on both sides of their nose and don’t find acupoints at all.”
as for whether they would wash their hands before doing eye exercises, Fanfan shook his head. Most of them would not wash their hands before doing eye exercises. The heavy schoolwork burden of
is one of the reasons for the high incidence of myopia. When
were interviewed by reporters, many teachers did not agree with the saying that “eye exercises are useless”. Sun, the fifth grade head teacher, said that the rise in students’ myopia rate should not be attributed to the futility of eye exercises. “Now, there are so many ‘small glasses’ among students, which is mainly related to students’ excessive use of eyes. Children stay at school for 8 hours every day and have to practice when they go home. They have a heavy burden of schoolwork. Naturally, their eyes are prone to myopia.”
surveys show that the rate of myopia in Asians is 40% – 80%, two or three times higher than that in Westerners.
“Asia is a high incidence area of myopia, especially China, Japan and South Korea. The myopia rate of these three countries ranks among the top three in the world. However, the number of myopia in Asia has increased in recent years. At present, the world recognized causes of myopia include genetic factors and environmental factors, but the detailed etiology and pathogenesis are still being explored.” Li Xiaoqing said.
“the current living environment has narrowed children’s vision.” Li Xiaoqing revealed that there was an experimental study that kept cats and monkeys in a small space. After a period of time, it was found that both cats and monkeys became myopic. This shows that the environment has a certain impact on vision.
Li Xiaoqing stressed that the current exam oriented education and premature contact with electronic terminals may be important factors causing the increase of children’s myopia. “Reading for more than ten hours, watching computer TV can cause eye fatigue, and now the children are less outdoor activities, and often occupy activities during the break. These factors are the causes of the rapid increase in myopia incidence rate.”
one hour extracurricular activities are very important.
Li Xiaoqing believes that to prevent myopia, we should first reduce the burden of students’ eyes and increase the time for outdoor activities. There should be uniform and comfortable lighting in the classroom and at home, return the children’s break time and avoid continuous fatigue. In addition, a balanced diet and daily eye exercises are also beneficial and harmless. The monitoring data of myopia of primary and middle school students in Beijing in 2011 show that many schools insist on “one hour of extracurricular activities every day” after school, which is very effective in improving students’ myopia.
”School age children’s myopia not only affects their study, life and future work, but also brings a great burden to their families and society.” Li Xiaoqing pointed out that early vision loss in children mainly depends on early detection and early treatment by parents, nurseries, kindergartens, schools and other parties. When a child squints when watching TV or watching in the distance, or tilts his head to see things, he generally has poor eyesight. In case of poor vision, you don’t have to rush to match glasses first. You must go to a specialized hospital to understand the causes of poor vision, and then treat according to the cause, or match glasses reasonably under the guidance of a doctor.
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