Can’t high myopia give birth naturally? What expectant mothers should know

Abstract: myopia is divided by degree, Ametropia with myopia greater than 600 degrees (children > 400 degrees) is called high myopia. Because the axis of the eye is excessively elongated, it may cause degenerative lesions of the fundus.

Pregnant in October, once delivered, expectant mothers want to give the best to their children. Therefore, natural delivery has become the first choice for mothers. Obstetricians and gynecologists often receive such questions: do I have high myopia, spontaneous labor will produce retinal detachment, leading to blindness?

what is high myopia?

myopia is divided according to degree, Ametropia with myopia degree greater than 600 degrees (children > 400 degrees) is called high myopia. Because the ocular axis is excessively elongated, it may cause degenerative lesions of the fundus.

can’t high myopia give birth naturally?

High myopia is one of the high incidence groups of retinal detachment, especially in the case of excessive force, it will increase the possibility of retinal detachment. In theory, pregnant women with high myopia have a certain possibility of retinal detachment.

but in fact, many studies are superficial, There is no significant increase in ocular complications (such as retinal detachment, which is most feared) caused by spontaneous delivery in pregnant women with high myopia compared with non high myopia.

Out of caution, expectant mothers with high myopia can undergo prenatal eye examination, especially fundus examination, to assess the existence of risk factors. As long as they are examined, mothers to be with high myopia can give birth safely and smoothly.

expectant mothers should know more about these things than retinal detachment

● they are more likely to dry their eyes during pregnancy. About 90% of the tears of

are water, which can wet the whole upper tissue and cornea of the eyes. During pregnancy, the hormone level of pregnant women changes, so that the water in tears is easier to evaporate than before pregnancy, and the tears will thicken, which will weaken the function of wetting the cornea and conjunctiva of the eyes, which is easy to cause the symptoms of “dry eyes”.

● decreased corneal sensitivity

in the early stage of pregnancy, due to the change of hormone level, corneal sensitivity will be reduced, affecting corneal reflex and eye protection function. Tears are not enough to protect the eyes, so the eyes are prone to redness, fatigue and foreign body sensation.

● corneal radian changes

studies show that corneal radian will become steeper during pregnancy, especially at the end of pregnancy. After the corneal radian becomes steep, the diopter will change to a certain extent. Therefore, the glasses usually worn may not be able to correct the vision well, but most cases can be recovered around 6 weeks postpartum.