Abstract: preschool children’s eye development is in the golden period, and children’s vision is not fully developed and mature. The characters of the piano score are usually relatively small. When children practice the piano, they look at the piano score and the keyboard at the same time, and they look at it at a close distance for a long time, which is easier to make people feel tired. If they are not corrected in time, children are more likely to have myopia.
with the emergence of high-tech products, our children are playing with electronic products every day. It is easy to develop some bad habits in life, resulting in children’s eye problems, such as myopia and amblyopia.
what are the common causes of children’s myopia and how to prevent myopia? Xiaobian, let’s talk about the causes of children’s myopia.
eight common inducements
1. Children who use their eyes for too long
often like to stare at TV and computer to watch cartoons and other programs, and this viewing is one afternoon or one night, which is very easy to cause eye fatigue and damage their eyesight. Or play with mobile phones or computers for a long time, and your eyes are unknowingly damaged.
set a time when watching TV or electronic products, preferably not more than an hour, pay attention to rest and relax your eyes.
2. The metabolism of sugar in excessive sweets
sweets and carbonated drinks in the human body requires a lot of vitamin B1 and reduces the content of calcium in the body. Calcium is the “protector” of eye tissue. Lack of calcium in the body will reduce the elasticity of eye retina and promote the deepening of myopia.
eat less or no sweets, drink more milk and supplement calcium, which naturally increases the ability to protect eye tissue.
when noise acts on auditory organs, it will also “spread” to visual organs through the action of nervous system, weakening people’s vision. In short, noise can reduce the sensitivity of human eyes to brightness.
try to reduce the volume when using household appliances or talking.
4. Learn the piano
too early. Usually, the eye development of preschool children is in the golden period, and the child’s vision is not fully developed and mature. The characters of the piano score are usually relatively small. When children practice the piano, they look at the piano score and the keyboard at the same time, and they look at it at a close distance for a long time, which is easier to make people feel tired. If they are not corrected in time, children are more likely to have myopia.
parents should pay attention to copying and enlarging the piano score, either light yellow or light green; Put a non stroboscopic eye protection lamp for children on the piano; Rest for more than ten minutes every 45 minutes. Children under the age of 4 had better not learn the piano.
5. Psychological factors
poor psychological factors lead to vision loss. There are roughly three types:
conditional type: this type is more common in girls. They often use the excuse of “blind eyes” to avoid heavy learning tasks. Most of them are afraid of learning. They often look at things in the dark, resulting in a decline in their eyesight, and then use it to avoid learning.
glasses desire type: This is mainly due to the worship of film and television stars wearing glasses who are beautiful or show scholar demeanor. Therefore, they often wear other people’s glasses instead of myopia. Over time, they slowly develop into myopia.
tension type: it shows that some teenagers have slight myopia. They can completely avoid the continuous decline of vision by wearing glasses, but they are afraid to wear glasses. They are nervous at the thought of wearing glasses. Therefore, he refused to wear glasses for a long time or secretly took off his glasses, resulting in decreased vision.
parents and teachers should interact more with their children, pay attention to their children’s mental health, help their children overcome their bad mentality and keep their children in a positive and good mood.
6. Living environment
many children unknowingly hurt their eyes because of the unchangeable environment. Including the uneven reflection of the classroom blackboard, the wall is too bright, the lighting is too bright or too dark, and the desk and chair are inappropriate, which will directly, silently and for a long time affect the child’s vision.
try to create a bright and spacious learning environment for children to avoid children using their eyes too much in too bright or too dark places.
7. Incorrect sitting posture
bad eye hygiene habits have far-reaching destructive effects on eyes. Children’s self-control ability is poor, they do not pay attention to the correct reading and writing posture, the allocation of desks and chairs is incorrect, they do not know enough about the importance of preventing myopia, and they do not have the awareness of being responsible for their own eyes.
strengthen children’s awareness of preventing myopia, teach children to wash their hands frequently, and correct children’s incorrect writing and reading knowledge.
8. Lack of sleep
lack of sleep will cause children’s systemic autonomic nerve dysfunction, affect the local sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve dysfunction of the eyes, and lead to the disorder of ciliary muscle regulation, which is the pathological basis for the formation of myopia.
appropriately reduce children’s learning pressure and ensure adequate sleep. Urge children to form the habit of taking a nap and reduce their pressure.