Abstract: myopic patients often squint when looking at things, because the eyelids can block part of the pupils when squinting, which can reduce the scattering of light, so as to temporarily improve and improve their vision. Therefore, when your child often squints at objects, it should be considered that he may have early myopia.
myopia in children belongs to myopia, which is a kind of ametropia, which is different from that in adults. Myopia (myopia) refers to a refractive state in which the parallel light falls in front of the retina after bending through the refractive system of the eye when the eye is adjusted and relaxed. Childhood myopia refers to the onset of childhood, which is characterized by abnormal adjustment, progression and easy interference by multiple factors.
what early manifestations do children’s myopia usually have?
1. Often squint when looking at objects
myopia patients often squint when looking at things, because the eyelids can block part of the pupils when squinting, which can reduce the scattering of light, so as to temporarily improve and improve their vision. Therefore, when your child often squints at objects, it should be considered that he may have early myopia.
2. Frequent blinking
frequent blinking can alleviate myopia and enhance vision to a certain extent. Therefore, when your child has the symptoms of frequent blinking, you should consider whether he has early myopia.
3. Often rub eyes
when some children can’t see objects clearly because of myopia, they often rub their eyes with their hands in order to see objects better. Therefore, when you find that your child often rubs his eyes, you should take him to the hospital to check his eyesight in time.
4. Often look at objects with their heads askew
some children with early myopia often look at objects with their heads askew. This is because looking at objects askew can reduce the impact of scattered light on their vision. Therefore, when you find that your child often looks at objects with his head tilted, be sure to take him to the hospital to check his eyesight, and correct his wrong posture when looking at objects, so as not to make him form the habit of looking at objects with his head tilted.
5. Often frown
some children with myopia have the habit of frowning. This is a way they try to improve their eyesight. But often frowning will make the extraocular muscles compress the eyeball, which will speed up the development of myopia. Therefore, when you find that your child often frowns, take him to the hospital to check his eyesight in time. And help them get rid of the problem of frowning often.
6. Often pull the corners of the eyes
after a few children suffer from myopia, they often pull their corners to the outside with their hands, because doing so can have the same effect as tilting their heads and squinting their eyes. Therefore, when you find that your child has the habit of pulling the corners of his eyes, you should take him to the hospital to check his eyesight in time.
7、 Often squint when looking at things
some children with myopia often have the habit of squint (that is, when one eye looks forward, the other eye will look out involuntarily). Therefore, when you find that your child has the habit of squint, you should consider whether he has myopia.
8. When looking at things, his eyes are very close to things
when your child looks at objects, he should always stick close to them. When reading and writing, he often complains that the light in the room is too dark, we should consider that your child may suffer from myopia.
9. Often read wrong people or can’t see clearly
when your child often doesn’t say hello to acquaintances, often trips or bruises by things when moving in the dark, or often can’t see the handwriting written on the blackboard, you should also consider whether your child has myopia.
to correct children’s myopia, we should do these things well
1. Correct sitting posture
for almost 100% of children, the factors inducing myopia or pseudomyopia are mostly related to incorrect sitting posture. Therefore, we must pay attention to the adjustment of posture in daily life. At the same time, the quality of the learning environment will also lead to the emergence of myopia. A good learning environment should not only be bright, but also pay attention to ensure quiet, so as to better help children learn efficiently.
in addition to cultivating children’s correct writing and reading posture, we should also pay attention to the distance and length of reading, watching TV and computer. When watching TV at home, pay attention to the height of the TV should be level with the line of sight, the distance between the eye and the fluorescent screen should not be less than 5 times the diagonal length of the fluorescent screen, and rest after watching TV for 1-1.5 hours.
at the same time, patients with pseudomyopia should also pay attention to one thing, that is, don’t read when lying, taking a car or walking. Learning doesn’t compete for a moment, but their eyes need to be taken care of every minute. Reading while lying or taking the car will not only seriously affect the health of vision, but also affect physical health and cause traffic accidents.
2. Mydriatic therapy
for children or adults with pseudomyopia, more mydriatic therapy has a very good effect of correcting vision. This treatment uses cycloplegic agent to dilate the pupils, and drops eye drops into the eyes every day, which can effectively treat pseudomyopia.
3. Pay attention to rest
after learning and writing for 1-2 hours each time, you should put down your books and have an appropriate rest, especially the rest of your eyes. In addition to closing your eyes for rest, you can also effectively rest your eyes by overlooking the distance. At the same time, overlooking can also adjust and relax your ciliary muscles.
4. Food is good for the eyes
most friends know that vitamin A can protect the eyes and prevent night blindness. But in fact, different tissues and parts of the eyes need different ingredients. Therefore, only by ensuring that children eat enough protein, enough vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin B, and enough calcium can they meet the needs of the eyes. Therefore, at ordinary times, we should pay attention to the baby’s balanced diet, achieve the combination of thickness and meat and vegetables, ensure the supplement of trace elements and vitamins, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits and seafood, and eat less candy and sweets.