Children’s poor eyesight is not necessarily myopia, but also this kind of eye disease!

Abstract: for myopia, frame glasses are the simplest and effective correction method, and corneal plastic lens is the most effective way to control the development of children’s myopia. After adulthood, you can also take off the lens through laser myopia surgery to bid farewell to myopia completely.

for children who just go to kindergarten, especially children under the age of 3, many children will have blurred vision during simple vision test. At this time, most parents think that their children are myopia. In fact, sometimes their children suffer from amblyopia. Then how to distinguish whether their children are myopia or amblyopia?

essential difference

myopia occurs because the eye regulating muscle ciliary muscle is in an excessively tense environment, or it is caused by genetic and other reasons. Myopia is a symptom that the eye can’t see far things, but can see near things. On the premise of static refraction, distant objects cannot converge in the retina, but form a focus in front of the retina, resulting in visual deformation and blurring of distant objects. They can be corrected by wearing glasses. If the situation is serious, further treatment is needed.

and

however, amblyopia only occurs due to the delayed development and disorder of posterior visual function. The definition of amblyopia in China refers to those who have no obvious organic lesions in the eyes and whose corrected visual acuity is less than 1.0. The general manifestations are strabismus and high refractive error. Amblyopia can’t return to normal even with glasses.

etiology difference

causes of children’s strabismus amblyopia

strabismus: strabismus patients inhibit strabismus in order to avoid the phenomenon of diplopia caused by strabismus, which leads to amblyopia.

and

are highly ametropic: for example, high myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism, the light cannot be clearly focused on the retina after entering the eyeball, resulting in insufficient visual stimulation, resulting in amblyopia.

binocular anisopia: the degree difference between the two eyes is more than 2 Baidu, and the degree difference between the two eyes is large. Only the good eye can see, and the other eye forms amblyopia.

and

myopia are caused by multiple factors. The genetic factors of

and

are considered: the incidence rate of the parents of the high myopia families is higher than that of the next generation.

environmental factors: the occurrence and development of myopia are closely related to close eye use. The harm of

and

is different.

and

for children’s visual health, amblyopia causes more harm to children than myopia. Because myopia only becomes blurred when looking at distant things, it will not damage other visual functions, and the correction of myopia is not limited by age. However, for children with amblyopia, they not only have low vision, can not be corrected, but also can not have binocular monocular function, which will have a great impact on the future. Unable to take the driver’s license and be competent for surveying and mapping and fine work, so timely treatment is necessary. The treatment methods of

and

are different.

and

for myopia, frame glasses are the simplest and effective correction method, and corneal plastic lens is the most effective way to control the development of children’s myopia. After adulthood, you can also take off the lens through laser myopia surgery to bid farewell to myopia.

and

amblyopia are different. The best treatment age for amblyopia is before the age of 6, the treatment effect is greatly weakened after the age of 9, and the possibility of cure after the age of 12 is very small. There are many different treatment schemes for amblyopia in the pediatric ophthalmology of Xiamen Eye Center. The corresponding treatment scheme can be formulated according to the situation of children’s amblyopia. Over the years, it has corrected vision for many amblyopic children, which has been unanimously recognized by parents. The rehabilitation of

and

amblyopic children is a long-term process. Parents should have enough patience and perseverance. If the child is young and has mild amblyopia, there is hope for recovery. If it is moderate or severe amblyopia, the child does not take the initiative to treat it, and there is little hope of rehabilitation by wearing glasses and training. Never have a child grow up will be good psychological misunderstanding! If you miss the golden period of the best treatment, it’s too late to repent.