Do “Four Eyed teenagers” need to wear myopia glasses

Abstract: in clinical work, many parents of children with myopia are more concerned about whether children must wear glasses, and whether wearing myopia glasses will lead to the deepening of myopia? In fact, there has been a great debate on these issues at home and abroad., The development of myopia with glasses seems to be slightly faster, but the difference between the two is not statistically significant. Therefore, on the whole, it can not be proved that wearing glasses can slow down the development of myopia, nor can it be found that wearing glasses can promote the aggravation of myopia., In clinical work, many parents of children with myopia are more concerned about whether children must wear glasses and whether wearing myopia glasses will lead to the deepening of myopia? In fact, there has been a great debate on these issues at home and abroad., The principle of correcting myopia is to obtain normal vision (1.0-1.2) or the most satisfactory vision (that is, the best visual acuity when the corrected visual acuity is less than 1.0) of several concave lens lenses, the one with the smallest degree is selected as the correction degree of the eye. There are two opposite views on the glasses correction of myopia: people who advocate the adjustment theory believe that glasses correction enhances the adjustment effect and may have a harmful impact on the development of myopia. Therefore, it is stressed that do not wear glasses when working close to each other If you look far away, you can also use a low degree concave lens for partial correction as far as possible; People who advocate the assembly theory believe that the compression of the extraocular muscles on the eyeball during assembly can lead to the occurrence and development of myopia. Therefore, they advocate that myopia should wear complete corrective glasses, and they should wear glasses not only when looking far at ordinary times, but also when reading, writing or working close to the eye. The reason is that wearing complete corrective glasses for myopia can maintain normal reading distance and reduce excessive collective activities, so as to eliminate the causes of the occurrence and development of myopia., The best way to solve the above debate is to investigate the impact of wearing glasses on the development of myopia. The myopia of middle school students with and without glasses was observed in Shanghai for 14-25 months. It was found that whether they wear glasses or not did not affect the development of myopia. The development of myopia with glasses seems to be slightly faster, but the difference between the two is not statistically significant. Therefore, on the whole, it can not be proved that wearing glasses can slow down the development of myopia, nor can it be found that wearing glasses can promote the aggravation of myopia., The ophthalmologist’s view is that it needs to be treated separately, If there is obvious anisometropia (2D difference in diopter between two eyes), amblyopia, obvious astigmatism and visual fatigue, it is best to wear glasses often; for myopia patients below (- 1.0d), physical therapy can be considered first instead of glasses; for patients with high myopia (- 6.0d), it is best to wear glasses, while patients below (- 3.0d) do not need to wear glasses all day.

The development of myopia with glasses seems to be slightly faster, but the difference between the two is not statistically significant. Therefore, on the whole, it can not be proved that wearing glasses can slow down the development of myopia, nor can it be found that wearing glasses can promote the aggravation of myopia.

in clinical work, many parents of children with myopia are more concerned about whether children must wear glasses, and whether wearing myopia glasses will lead to the deepening of myopia? In fact, there has been a great debate on these issues at home and abroad.

the principle of myopia correction is to select the lowest degree as the correction degree of several concave lens films that obtain normal vision (1.0-1.2) or the most satisfactory vision (i.e. the best vision when the corrected vision is less than 1.0).

There are two opposite views on the glasses correction of myopia: people who advocate the adjustment theory believe that glasses correction enhances the adjustment effect and may have a harmful impact on the development of myopia. Therefore, it is important to avoid wearing glasses when working close, and use low degree concave lenses for partial correction as far as possible in order to see far; People who advocate the assembly theory believe that the compression of the extraocular muscles on the eyeball during assembly can lead to the occurrence and development of myopia. Therefore, they advocate that myopia should wear complete corrective glasses, and they should wear glasses not only when looking far at ordinary times, but also when reading, writing or working close to the eye. The reason is that wearing complete corrective glasses for myopia can maintain normal reading distance and reduce excessive collection activities, so as to eliminate the causes of the occurrence and development of myopia.

the best way to solve the above debate is to investigate the impact of wearing glasses on the development of myopia. The myopia of middle school students with and without glasses was observed in Shanghai for 14-25 months. It was found that whether they wear glasses or not did not affect the development of myopia. The development of myopia with glasses seems to be slightly faster, but the difference between the two is not statistically significant. Therefore, on the whole, it can not be proved that wearing glasses can slow down the development of myopia, nor can it be found that wearing glasses can promote the aggravation of myopia.

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ophthalmologists believe that they should be treated separately, If there is obvious anisometropia (2D difference in diopter between two eyes), amblyopia, obvious astigmatism and visual fatigue, it is best to wear glasses often; for myopia patients below (- 1.0d), physical therapy can be considered first instead of glasses; for patients with high myopia (- 6.0d), it is best to wear glasses, while patients below (- 3.0d) do not need to wear glasses all day.