Do you know these misunderstandings of wearing glasses?

Abstract: teenagers are different from adults: adults generally stop eye development. When matching glasses, they can confirm that they see clearly enough and have no discomfort., If you are not nearsighted, you must know some nearsighted friends. The Research Report on national visual health released not long ago shows that at present, there is one myopia in every three people in China, and the proportion of myopia among school-age children and adolescents is much higher than that of the whole population. In terms of age, the prevalence of myopia among people born before the 1970s is only 20% to 30%, but the prevalence of myopia among teenagers born after the 1980s has increased to more than 80%., For teenagers, the best way to correct myopia is to wear frame glasses. At present, China needs 100 million glasses a year! Every winter and summer vacation is the peak of matching glasses. Experts from the optometry and glasses Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital found that many parents often like to provide their own “experience” when wearing glasses with their children. However, many experiences of parents are “misunderstandings” in the eyes of professionals., Myth 1: the low degree of glasses is good. Expert: long-term visual fatigue will accelerate the development of myopia. Xiao Zhe’s parents are highly myopic. The degree of mother’s glasses is as high as 800 degrees, and the degree of father’s glasses is also 600 degrees. After Xiao zhe was born, the two decided to prevent myopia. Two people thought a lot of ways, one of the most cruel ways is that they never watch TV at home. Since Xiao zhe was born, his family has “quit” TV. Not only do children not watch TV, but also the elderly who help take care of their children are not allowed to watch TV., When Xiao zhe was in kindergarten, the most popular cartoon was pleasant goat and grey wolf. Because his family never watched TV, Xiao Zhe always looked at a loss when the children in kindergarten talked about pleasant goat. After school, Xiao Zhe’s parents rented a newly decorated house near the school. Before moving, the couple especially told the landlord: we don’t need TV! After Xiao zhe went to school, his mother found that many families were the same as them: if a family didn’t watch TV, they were afraid of their children’s myopia! However, in this way, he carefully protected Xiao Zhe’s eyesight. He became a patient with myopia in the third grade and put on glasses. Now, Xiao Zhe is in the fifth grade, and his glasses have risen to 400 degrees. Xiao Zhe’s mother’s wish now is: I hope not to develop into high myopia. Every time Xiao Zhe’s mother takes her child to match glasses, the last thing she wants to see is the increase in the degree after optometry. Therefore, every time Xiao zhe wears glasses, Xiao Zhe’s mother will repeatedly say to the optometrist, “don’t correct us to 1.0, reduce the degree, or the degree will rise too fast!”, Is it better to have a lower degree of glasses? Should corrected vision reach 1.0? Wu Min, director of the professional affairs department and senior optometrist of the optometry center of Beijing Tongren Hospital, said that if teenagers don’t feel obviously uncomfortable when matching glasses, their corrected vision should reach 1.0 as far as possible. Some parents believe that the child’s seat is in the front anyway, and there is no need to see it clearly after matching the glasses; Some parents worry that if the degree is high, it may rise faster in the future. Wu Min said that teenagers are different from adults: adults generally stop developing their eyes. When matching glasses, they can make sure they see clearly enough and have no discomfort; However, teenagers’ daily life and learning have high requirements for vision, and their eyes are still developing. Therefore, it is recommended to correct their vision to 1.0. “1.0 is just normal vision.” The matching principle of myopia is the minimum degree of the best corrected vision, that is, the first premise is the best corrected vision, “Parents decide to choose a lower degree for their children. Sometimes children see blurred images. In the long run, it may be easier to cause eye fatigue and lead to the development of myopia; of course, over corrected degrees will also cause visual fatigue, so optometry before glasses is very important. Myth 2: mydriasis drugs have side effects,

If you are not nearsighted, you must know some nearsighted friends. The Research Report on national visual health released not long ago shows that at present, there is one myopia in every three people in China, and the proportion of myopia among school-age children and adolescents is much higher than that of the whole population. In terms of age, the prevalence of myopia among people born before the 1970s is only 20% to 30%, but for teenagers born after the 1980s, the prevalence of myopia has increased to more than 80%.

for teenagers, the best way to correct myopia is to wear frame glasses. At present, China needs 100 million glasses a year! Every winter and summer vacation is the peak of matching glasses. Experts from the optometry and glasses Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital found that many parents often like to provide their own “experience” when wearing glasses with their children. But many of the parents’ experiences, in the view of professionals, are “misunderstandings”.

misunderstanding 1: the low degree of glasses is good.

experts: long-term visual fatigue will accelerate the development of myopia.

Xiao Zhe’s parents are highly myopic. The degree of mother’s glasses is as high as 800 degrees, and the degree of father’s glasses is also 600 degrees. After Xiao zhe was born, the two decided to prevent myopia. Two people thought a lot of ways, one of the most cruel ways is that they never watch TV at home. Since Xiao zhe was born, his family has “quit” TV. Not only do children not watch TV, but also the elderly who help take care of their children are not allowed to watch TV.

and

when Xiao zhe was in kindergarten, the most popular cartoon was pleasant goat and grey wolf. Because he never watched TV at home, Xiao Zhe always looked at a loss when the children in kindergarten talked about pleasant goat. After school, Xiao Zhe’s parents rented a newly decorated house near the school. Before moving, the couple especially told the landlord: we don’t need TV! After Xiao zhe went to school, his mother found that many families were the same as them: if a family didn’t watch TV, they were afraid of their children’s myopia! However, in this way, he carefully protected Xiao Zhe’s eyesight. He became a patient with myopia in the third grade and put on glasses. Now, Xiao Zhe is in the fifth grade, and his glasses have risen to 400 degrees. Xiao Zhe’s mother’s wish now is: I hope not to develop into high myopia. Every time Xiao Zhe’s mother takes her child to match glasses, the last thing she wants to see is the increase in the degree after optometry. Therefore, every time Xiao zhe matches glasses, Xiao Zhe’s mother will repeatedly and look at the lightThe teacher said, “don’t correct us to 1.0. Reduce the degree, or the degree will rise too fast!”

and

glasses with a lower degree are better? Should corrected vision reach 1.0? Wu Min, director of the professional affairs department and senior optometrist of the optometry center of Beijing Tongren Hospital, said that if teenagers don’t feel obviously uncomfortable when matching glasses, their corrected vision should reach 1.0 as far as possible. Some parents believe that the child’s seat is in the front anyway, and there is no need to see it clearly after matching the glasses; Some parents worry that if the degree is high, it may rise faster in the future. Wu Min said that teenagers are different from adults: adults generally stop developing their eyes. When matching glasses, they can make sure they see clearly enough and have no discomfort; However, teenagers’ daily life and learning have high requirements for vision, and their eyes are still developing. Therefore, it is recommended to correct their vision to 1.0. “1.0 is just normal vision.” The matching principle of myopia is the minimum degree of the best corrected vision, that is, the first premise is the best corrected vision, “Parents decide to choose a lower degree for their children. Sometimes children see blurred images. In the long run, it may be easier to cause eye fatigue and lead to the development of myopia; of course, over corrected degrees will also cause visual fatigue, so optometry before glasses is very important.

misunderstanding 2: mydriatic drugs have side effects

Expert: the side effects of glasses without mydriasis are greater.

Yaya, 6, was found to have vision problems in the routine physical examination at school. The teacher sent a notice to Yaya’s parents: take the child to the hospital for review. At the hospital, the doctor said the child’s eyesight was normal. But Yaya’s mother was still worried. On her way home, she passed a glasses shop and did a computer optometry. The result startled Yaya’s mother: her daughter was 300 degrees nearsighted!

and

Ya Ma took her daughter home and stopped talking. She told her friends on wechat that she was “cool” when she saw that her daughter might be 300 degrees nearsighted. “I’m 300 degrees short-sighted at such a young age. In the future, the degree of glasses will not develop to 1000 degrees! Girls wear thick glasses and look ugly. There may be many complications in the future. Maybe the retina will fall off!” The more she thinks about it, the more sad she is. She doesn’t know what to do. Later, her friend reminded her that it was better to go to the ophthalmology department of the hospital for examination.

and

came to the hospital for ophthalmic optometry with a sense of luck. The optometrist said that children must have mydriasis for optometry. Ya Ya Ma doesn’t want to dilate her daughter’s pupils when she sees a pile of side effects on mydriasis drugs. But the optometrist insisted on mydriasis for the child, and then optometry. The doctor told her that the child was not only not myopic, but also farsighted 300 degrees!

“we suggest that children under the age of eight or nine should have slow mydriasis for the first time, and older children should at least have fast mydriasis optometry for the first time.” Wu Min said that the smaller the child’s eye adjustment ability, the stronger. Sometimes the child’s “myopia” is actually ciliary muscle spasm. After using mydriasis drugs, the ciliary muscle relaxes, and the child may not be “myopia.” this is what we call pseudomyopia. ”

Wu Min often meets parents who are unwilling to let their children use mydriasis drugs in the matching center. These parents are mainly worried about the side effects of mydriasis drugs. In fact, the commonly used mydriasis drugs are very safe, and most children will not have obvious side effects. For example, 1% atropine sulfate used in slow powder, only a few children will have symptoms such as facial flushing and low fever. Drink a lot of water during the medication, and these symptoms will disappear after stopping the medication. But not mydriasis with glasses, for children, the “side effects” are greater.

misunderstanding 3: wearing glasses often makes you ugly

experts: wearing glasses has nothing to do with eye deformation.

Lele was a freshman in senior high school this year. She put on glasses the year she graduated from primary school. Although her glasses have reached 350 degrees, Lele insists on not wearing glasses as long as she doesn’t have classes. The reason is that wearing glasses will “suck” out her eyes and grow into “goldfish eyes”.

many of Lele’s classmates don’t wear glasses. Often a group of girls get together and “squint” at each other. Walking in the corridor of the teaching building, the students are very “lonely” and “ignore each other”. In fact, everyone is short-sighted and can’t see clearly from a distance.

many beautiful girls don’t like wearing glasses and think they will become ugly. Will wearing glasses make people ugly? Wu Min said that myopia glasses are concave lenses. After wearing glasses, they will become smaller when looking at other objects; When others look at the eyes of patients with myopia through lenses, they will also feel that the eyes of people wearing glasses are small. In addition, after wearing glasses, the field of vision becomes smaller, resulting in myopia patients using less residual light, “because the residual light is beyond the scope of the lens and can’t see clearly.” People who don’t use Yu Guang have less lively eyes, so they look wooden. These are the reasons why myopia glasses can make people “ugly”. As for wearing glasses will make the eyeball protrude, it is really groundless. “Goldfish eye” is not only related to personal facial development and race, but also closely related to myopia itself. This is because people with myopia are generally axial myopia, and high myopia is the growth of eye axis. When the orbit can not accommodate the growing eyeball, the eyes will protrude outward, “but wearing glasses itself has nothing to do with eye deformation.”

for primary and middle school students, the significance of wearing glasses mainly lies in making themselves see more clearly. “The amount of information people get through their eyes accounts for 80% to 90% of the total amount of information we get. Therefore, without glasses, we will miss a lot of highlights.” Wu Min said that at present, the safest and effective correction method for primary and middle school students with myopia is still to wear frame glasses; Of course, children can also wear contact lenses, but soft contact lenses, that is, common contact lenses on the market, have poor oxygen permeability and may cause eye inflammation. Children should wear them as little as possible, preferably not; There are also some special contact lenses, such as corneal shaping lenses or rigid oxygen permeable corneal contact lenses. The oxygen permeability is relatively good, but the fitting requirements are high, and the requirements for the wearer are also very high. You must go to a regular medical institution for fitting.