Abstract: congenital myopia has genetic factors. Congenital myopia belongs to the category of high myopia. It belongs to autosomal inheritance. The inheritance of acquired (ordinary) myopia belongs to multi factor inheritance. The two genetic factors are different.
myopia is a very normal disease for many people, and there are not a few people suffering from myopia at present. But in life, many people’s myopia is not formed the day after tomorrow. It is congenital. The phenomenon of myopia has appeared since childhood, which is very unfortunate for children themselves and a great obstacle to their growth. Therefore, it is very necessary to prevent congenital myopia from childhood.
myopia with more than – 10 diopters in infancy is called congenital myopia. Congenital myopia is also called hereditary myopia, and most of this myopia is high myopia. This kind of myopia usually does not develop, which is different from pathological myopia. After discovery, it should be corrected in time to avoid the occurrence of amblyopia. In daily life, we often see a pair of glasses on some childish little faces. Most of them are patients with congenital myopia.
ophthalmologists introduced that congenital myopia has genetic factors. Congenital myopia belongs to the category of high myopia, which belongs to autosomal inheritance. The inheritance of acquired (ordinary) myopia belongs to multi factor inheritance. The two genetic factors are different. Generally speaking, if the parents are high myopia, the genetic probability will be relatively large, while if the parents are medium and low myopia, especially those below 300 degrees, the genetic probability will be small.
in addition to genetic factors, children with congenital myopia are also affected by many factors, such as pregnancy and development. Therefore, early prevention plays a very important role in reducing the occurrence of congenital myopia.
early injection of rubella vaccine
expectant mothers infected with rubella virus in the early pregnancy, although it does not do much harm to themselves, it is likely to directly affect the development of fetal eyes and lead to the occurrence of congenital cataract. Therefore, injecting rubella vaccine before pregnancy is a very effective method to prevent congenital cataract.
pay attention to nutrition during pregnancy
modern medical research has proved that human eye development is mainly in the early stage of mother’s pregnancy, that is, 40 days before pregnancy. At this time, we should do a good job in the health care of pregnant women, strengthen disease prevention, pay attention to eating high protein and vitamin rich food, increase resistance, and do not drink, smoke or use drugs at will.
strengthen the baby’s diet.
can make up for genetic factors, prevent congenital myopia and restore healthy vision through daily diet, exercise and treatment. Parents should try their best to let their babies eat less sweets and more foods rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, C and E. Common foods rich in vitamins include eggs, milk, fish, meat, liver, fresh vegetables and fruits.
develop correct reading habits and hygiene habits
children should pay attention to eye hygiene and do not rub their eyes often. When reading, watching TV and playing computer, take an average of one or two hours to relax eye muscles and relieve eye fatigue. At ordinary times, we can carry out appropriate physical exercise, enhance physique, strengthen nutrition and so on.