Abstract: in daily life, if it is found that the distance between eyes and objects is getting closer and closer when children use their eyes at close distance such as reading, or when they often squint at distant objects, parents should take their children to authoritative medical institutions for professional medical examination in time to determine whether the child is pseudomyopia or true myopia.
when many parents bring their children for examination and treatment, they will ask a series of questions: Why are more and more children with myopia? How should the child get myopia to do? At present, what are the correction methods for myopia? What harm does myopia do to children’s future? How to prevent myopia…
Why are more and more children with myopia? The cause of myopia is genetic factors. If parents are short-sighted, the incidence rate of myopia will increase significantly. However, the current eye science generally believes that environmental factors are the main causes of high incidence rate of myopia, including: outdoor activities significantly reduced, the time of close eye use is prolonged, nutrition is lacking, and glasses are not properly regulated.
what should children do if they get myopia
in daily life, if they find that the distance between their eyes and objects is getting closer and closer when they use their eyes at close distance such as reading, or when they often squint at distant objects, parents should take their children to Quanwei medical institution for professional medical examination in time to determine whether the child is pseudomyopia or true myopia. If it is pseudomyopia, you can choose not to wear glasses, but you must ensure that the children’s eyes get enough rest; If it is diagnosed as true myopia, it must be corrected as soon as possible, otherwise it will accelerate the development of myopia.
what are the current correction methods for myopia
at present, there are three common methods for myopia correction: frame glasses, corneal plastic surgery and refractive surgery. Frame glasses are recognized as the most safe and effective correction method, and it is also the most widely used method. Corneal plastic lens is a very effective way to prevent and control myopia, which can greatly delay the development of myopia. Refractive correction is the most safe and effective method to remove glasses. What is the harm of
children suffering from myopia? Myopia of
not only affects children’s appearance, life and learning quality, but also restricts them from entering school, joining the army and choosing special industries in the future. In addition, with the growth of children’s age, myopia, especially high myopia, will produce a series of complications, such as cataract, fundus lesions and so on. Retinal detachment, neovascularization, macular hemorrhage and other serious complications of high myopia may even lead to blindness.
how to prevent the occurrence and development of myopia
should first raise awareness and fully realize the possible damage to teenagers in the future. Secondly, we should pay special attention to the following nodes for scientific prevention and control:
are born for 3 ~ 6 months, and an ophthalmic screening should be conducted to ensure that the children’s eyes have no congenital serious organic diseases, especially those with a family history of eye diseases, low birth weight infants and premature infants.
two or three years old, do an ophthalmic screening, especially for children with high myopia, astigmatism, strabismus, amblyopia, etc.
are 2-6 years old. Parents should let their children have outdoor activities for more than 2 hours a day, and the 2-hour outdoor activities should be carried out in several times.
are six or seven years old, and their eyesight should be examined every six months.
are 6 ~ 16 years old, which is the most easy growth period of myopia and the key period to control myopia. At present, the most effective prevention and control method is still to adhere to 2 hours of outdoor activities every day and reduce the time of close eye use.
are 16-18 years old. The development of myopia is relatively slow. The focus of prevention and control is to stabilize the degree of myopia at a certain level as far as possible.
after the age of 18, the degree of myopia is stable. You can choose to use laser correction surgery to restore normal vision, or you can continue to wear frame glasses or contact lenses and have regular re examination once a year.