Eight misunderstandings of teenagers’ prevention and treatment of myopia, don’t pit children again!

Abstract: once some parents find that their children’s vision decreases (such as unable to see the blackboard clearly) or their children are found to have decreased vision during physical examination, they arbitrarily think that the child is suffering from myopia, and then look for doctors everywhere to help their children treat myopia. Facts have proved that this approach is wrong.

myopia is one of the high incidence eye diseases of teenagers in China. It will not only bring them a lot of inconvenience in life, but also easily cause blindness eye diseases such as retinal detachment and macular degeneration. However, there are still some wrong understandings and practices on how to prevent and treat myopia among most parents, which is not only not conducive to the prevention and treatment of children’s myopia, but also may cause damage to children’s eyes.

at present, what misunderstandings are easy to step into in the prevention and treatment of myopia? Misunderstanding 1 of

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: Children’s poor eyesight is myopia.

once some parents find that their child’s eyesight has decreased (such as being unable to see the blackboard clearly) or that their child has been found to have decreased eyesight during physical examination, they arbitrarily think that the child is suffering from myopia, and then look for doctors everywhere to help their child treat myopia. Facts have proved that this approach is wrong. In fact, there are many eye diseases that can affect children’s vision. In addition to myopia, there are also congenital fundus lesions, congenital hyperopia, congenital astigmatism, congenital strabismus, congenital simple amblyopia, etc. If the child’s eyesight is found to be decreased, take the child to a regular hospital for diagnosis, and then carry out targeted treatment. Misunderstanding 2 of

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: children are small, and myopia is pseudomyopia.

after many children are nearsighted, parents suspect that their children are pseudomyopia. In fact, pseudomyopia accounts for a very small proportion (no more than 3%) of juvenile myopia. It is only a “myopia” phenomenon, not myopia in essence. Pseudomyopia is more common in adolescents. Vision can decline in a few weeks or 1-2 months, and can recover to some extent after appropriate rest. If you suspect your child’s pseudomyopia, don’t worry about matching glasses first. You should go to a regular hospital for mydriatic optometry. Misunderstanding 3 of

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: myopia can recover slowly without glasses.

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parents are afraid that their children will wear glasses since childhood. Therefore, once a child suffers from myopia, many parents will blindly use various methods to help their child treat it. Many unscrupulous businesses also take advantage of this psychology of parents, claiming that some method or instrument can cure myopia in a month or even more than ten days, leading to many parents being deceived. At present, there is no instrument or equipment that can completely treat myopia or reduce the degree through physical methods. On the contrary, wearing appropriate glasses can control and delay the degree growth. Misunderstanding 4 of

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: wearing glasses early will deepen myopia in the future.

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many parents believe that “the sooner you wear glasses, the higher the degree in the future”, so they refuse to provide glasses for children for correction. In fact, wearing glasses correctly will not deepen myopia. Before matching glasses, it is best to go to a professional ophthalmic hospital for optometry, and then consider the matching prescription according to the optometry results, combined with the comprehensive conditions such as vision requirements, eye position, eye muscle movement and amblyopia, so as to give correct and comfortable correction. Misunderstanding 5 of

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: mydriatic optometry is harmful to the eyes.

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in fact, mydriatic will not cause damage to the eyes. Generally, the efficacy of rapid mydriatic agent disappears after 6 to 8 hours, and the pupil recovers as before. Atropine, a slow mydriasis agent, may take 2 to 4 weeks to disappear. Teenagers need mydriasis for optometry, which can not only avoid excessive regulation of ciliary muscle, but also eliminate pseudomyopia caused by regulation spasm, which helps to obtain an objective index and ensure more accurate optometry. Misunderstanding 6 of

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: go to the glasses store to get glasses at will.

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many people think it is convenient and fast to go to the glasses store to get glasses. However, many glasses stores can’t dilate their pupils. The degree of glasses matched is generally the actual degree of the eyes, and it is rarely adjusted according to the degree of adaptation of the eyes.

in science, the first thing before matching glasses is to accept the optometrist’s optometry. Only when the refractive state of the eye is clear, can a suitable lens be matched. In particular, for the first time, optometrists with medical qualifications must undergo detailed examination, accurate optometry and careful consideration before they can formulate a scientific prescription. Misunderstanding 7 of

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: do not recheck

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after wearing glasses, many parents will no longer take their myopia children to the hospital for examination. This is wrong.

parents should recheck at least once a year after myopia children wear glasses, so as to timely understand the changes of children’s vision and adjust the correction plan in time. In addition, for school-age children without myopia, parents should often take them to the hospital for eye examination to prevent and correct vision problems in time. Misunderstanding 8 of

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: vision will not decline in adulthood, and there is no need to care for

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. Generally speaking, adult vision will gradually become stable, but not all will be stable. It is normal for adults to increase by 50-75 degrees in two or three years, and there are usually two reasons for the deepening degree of myopia in adults.

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are pathological myopia. This is an internal lesion of the eye, which is hereditary. It shows that myopia continues to deepen and increases rapidly. Another reason for

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is incorrect eye habits. For example, if the lighting is too bright or too dark, the eye is used too long, and eye diseases such as trichiasis, ptosis and keratitis are not diagnosed and treated in time, myopia will be aggravated.

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usually have ametropia, and optometry should be done every three months to six months. If there is no ametropia, vision examination should also be done every six months, especially for the middle-aged and middle-aged people who bear the dual pressure of social work and family life.