Eight nursing operation methods of external treatment of Ophthalmology of traditional Chinese Medicine

Abstract: there are many unique methods for external treatment of ophthalmology in traditional Chinese medicine, such as eye fumigation, eye application, eye bath, foaming, nose feeding, top rubbing, medicine pillow, scraping and washing, etc. Let’s learn from Xiaobian.

   (1) Eye fumigation method: it is a treatment method of fumigating the eyes with the steaming of traditional Chinese medicine decoction. It has the dual effects of physical warm compress and drug treatment. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute and chronic uveitis, etc. take the decocted traditional Chinese medicine away from the stove, cover the medicine tank with thick paper or perforated thick paper immediately, and fumigate the eyes with the steaming of hot gas. The temperature is better to be able to endure without scalding. It is warm If the temperature is too low and does not work, it can be warmed again and fumigated for about 15 minutes each time, 1 ~ 3 times a day. This method is not suitable for eye tumors, eye bleeding and acute conjunctivitis.

   (2) Eye application method: it is to apply cold, hot or medication directly on the outside of the eye. Clinically, different application methods are adopted according to the needs of the patient’s condition, among which wet and hot application is more common. Wet and hot application is to wet the gauze with liquid medicine or hot water to compress the eye while it is hot. It can also be applied externally with a wet towel wrapped in a hot water bag. Pay attention to the appropriate temperature during hot application. It is used for eyelid furuncle, keratitis, scleritis and uveitis , eyelid and conjunctival blood stasis 48 hours after eye trauma, and non organic eye diseases like temperature and pressure. Dry hot compress is similar to ironing. It can also be ironed by wrapping a towel in a hot water bag. It is usually fried with raw salt, scallion, wormwood leaf and Evodia rutaecarpa, wrapped with cloth, ironed the affected eyes or points such as sun, Baihui and Yongquan, which can dissipate cold and ventilate.

cold compress method has the effect of clearing heat and cooling blood, hemostasis and analgesia. Due to the disadvantage of stagnating Qi and blood, it can only be used temporarily, not for a long time. For early hemostasis of contusion ocular bleeding and local heat and pain of acute conjunctivitis, wet gauze or towel with cold water, or apply externally with ice bag.

and

drug application is to mash the external application of fresh traditional Chinese medicine to the affected eyes, such as fresh rehmannia glutinosa, white radish, hibiscus flower or root, which are often used for those with bruised eyes, purple, swelling and pain; You can also use drugs such as clearing heat and detoxification, detumescence, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. At the end of research, add honey or vinegar to make a paste. First apply eye ointment to the eyes, cover the eyes with sterile gauze, and then apply the external medicine to the eyes in cotton paper. Use more external eye diseases.

   (3) Eye bath method: it is to wash and soak the eyes with the decoction of traditional Chinese medicine, so that it can be directly used in the eyes to achieve the purposes of relieving wind and guiding stagnation, reducing redness and swelling, collecting tears and relieving itching. The eye bath solution needs to be filtered and used, and the solution is stained with sterile gauze or cotton swab to wash the part of the eyes. It can also be used to hold the filtered solution in a sterile eye cup, and buckle the mouth of the cup to the orbit and eyelid when the temperature is appropriate Keep blinking, play the role of eye bath and immersion.

   (4) Foaming method: it is a method to stick drugs with strong irritation to the skin on certain acupoints to make them blister. It is mainly used for eye diseases such as keratitis and corneal pannus. Generally, fresh Clematis root, fresh Buttercup, underground pearl and other drugs are selected. Neiguan point or temple are often selected. A small hole is left in the middle of a piece of adhesive tape to stick it on the acupoints, and the foaming drugs used are mashed to take the size of broad bean The foaming agent is placed on the adhesive tape, and then pasted with an adhesive tape to cover and fix it. It can be removed after foaming a day later. Pay attention to cleaning after local foaming and do not break it to avoid infection.

   (5) Nasal feeding method: it is a method that some irritant drugs are placed in the nasal cavity to sneeze to treat eye diseases. It has the effect of dispersing the lung and opening the orifices and evacuating external pathogens. It is suitable for external eye diseases, such as conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis, iridocyclitis, etc. aromatic irritant drugs, such as Biyun powder, are selected. Take a little medicine and blow it into the nose 1 ~ 3 times a day, because the drugs stimulate the exchange of tears and tears , sneezing frequently, opening the upper orifices, and the wind heat evil poison leaks out; Fresh geese can also be mashed into the nose without eating an appropriate amount of grass. Do not use this method for corneal perforation, fundus hemorrhage and high myopia to prevent change.

(6) rubbing the top of the head: it is a method to make a paste with drugs, place it on the top of the head and rub it repeatedly to treat eye diseases. Rubbing the top of the head can make the drugs absorbed through the scalp (Baihui Point), and it can also massage and stimulate acupoints, so as to refresh the brain, clear the orifices and smooth the flow of Qi and blood. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute iridocyclitis, visual fatigue, supraorbital neuralgia, eye disease and dizziness, heavy or overhead pain. During treatment, borneol, asarum, Acorus tatarinowii, safflower, camphor, etc. are used to grind the fine powder and adjust it into a paste with Vaseline or honey and clear oil. Take a small amount and apply it on the head, and then massage repeatedly for about 8 minutes, 1 ~ 2 times a day. It is best to shave your hair. People allergic to irritant drugs should use it with caution. The massage time should be uniform to avoid scratching the scalp.

   (7) Medicine pillow method: it is a method to treat eye diseases by placing the medicine in the pillow core after processing. The medicine pillow method can be used as an auxiliary treatment for chronic eye diseases and as one of the eye health care measures. This method can regulate and clear the orifices, smooth Qi and blood, and has a certain effect on eliminating eyesight fatigue. It can be used to dispel wind and heat, soothe the orifices and calm the mind, calm the liver and brighten the eyes, and aromatic Qi Drugs, especially flowers and herbs, are processed into medicine pillows for use.

(8) scraping method: it is a method of gently stabbing or scraping the eye focus with a sharp needle or a rough surface, and then rinsing with water. It can often remove evil poison and blood stasis, so it is called scraping and washing method. This method is suitable for eye diseases with blood stasis or rough particles on the inner surface of the eyelid, such as trachoma, conjunctivitis, etc. Methods: first drop 1% dicaine for surface anesthesia, then scrape the affected part with sterilized small sharp needle or rub the particle part repeatedly with special cuttlebone stick (high-pressure disinfection) until there is slight bleeding and the particles basically disappear, rinse with normal saline, drop antibiotic eye drops and eye ointment without bandaging.

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. Abstract: there are many unique methods for external treatment of ophthalmology in traditional Chinese medicine, such as eye fumigation, eye application, eye bath, foaming, nose feeding, top rubbing, medicine pillow, scraping and washing, etc. Let’s learn from Xiao Bian.,    (1) Eye fumigation method: it is a treatment method of fumigating the eyes with the steaming of traditional Chinese medicine decoction. It has the dual effects of physical warm compress and drug treatment. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute and chronic uveitis, etc. take the decocted traditional Chinese medicine away from the stove, cover the medicine tank with thick paper or perforated thick paper immediately, and fumigate the eyes with the steaming of hot gas. The temperature is better to be able to endure without scalding. It is warm If it is too low to work, it can be warmed again and fumigated for about 15 minutes each time, 1 ~ 3 times a day. This method is not suitable for eye tumors, eye bleeding and acute conjunctivitis.,    (2) Eye application method: it is to apply cold, hot or medication directly on the outside of the eye. Clinically, different application methods are adopted according to the needs of the patient’s condition, among which wet and hot application is more common. Wet and hot application is to wet the gauze with liquid medicine or hot water to compress the eye while it is hot. It can also be applied externally with a wet towel wrapped in a hot water bag. Pay attention to the appropriate temperature during hot application. It is used for eyelid furuncle, keratitis, scleritis and uveitis , eyelid and conjunctival blood stasis 48 hours after eye trauma, and non organic eye diseases like temperature and pressure. Dry hot compress is similar to ironing. It can also be ironed by wrapping a towel in a hot water bag. It is usually fried with raw salt, scallion, wormwood leaf and Evodia rutaecarpa, wrapped with cloth, ironed the affected eyes or the sun, Baihui, Yongquan and other acupoints, which can disperse cold and ventilate.,

(1) eye fumigation method: it is a treatment method of fumigating the eyes with the hot gas transpiration of traditional Chinese medicine decoction. It has the dual effects of physical warm and hot compress and drug treatment. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute and slowUveitis, etc. Take the decocted traditional Chinese medicine away from the stove, cover the medicine tank with thick paper or perforated thick paper immediately, and smoke the eyes on the hot steam. It is better to bear the temperature without scalding. If the temperature is too low, it will not work. It can be heated again and fumigated for about 15 minutes each time, 1 ~ 3 times a day. This method should not be used for eye tumors, eye bleeding and acute conjunctivitis.

   (2) Eye application method: it is to apply cold, hot or medication directly on the outside of the eye. Clinically, different application methods are adopted according to the needs of the patient’s condition, among which wet and hot application is more common. Wet and hot application is to wet the gauze with liquid medicine or hot water to compress the eye while it is hot. It can also be applied externally with a wet towel wrapped in a hot water bag. Pay attention to the appropriate temperature during hot application. It is used for eyelid furuncle, keratitis, scleritis and uveitis , eyelid and conjunctival blood stasis 48 hours after eye trauma, and non organic eye diseases like temperature and pressure. Dry hot compress is similar to ironing. It can also be ironed by wrapping a towel in a hot water bag. It is usually fried with raw salt, scallion, wormwood leaf and Evodia rutaecarpa, wrapped with cloth, ironed the affected eyes or points such as sun, Baihui and Yongquan, which can dissipate cold and ventilate.

cold compress method has the effect of clearing heat and cooling blood, hemostasis and analgesia. Due to the disadvantage of stagnating Qi and blood, it can only be used temporarily, not for a long time. For early hemostasis of contusion ocular bleeding and local heat and pain of acute conjunctivitis, wet gauze or towel with cold water, or apply externally with ice bag.

and

drug application is to mash the external application of fresh traditional Chinese medicine to the affected eyes, such as fresh rehmannia glutinosa, white radish, hibiscus flower or root, which are often used for those with bruised eyes, purple, swelling and pain; You can also use drugs such as clearing heat and detoxification, detumescence, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. At the end of research, add honey or vinegar to make a paste. First apply eye ointment to the eyes, cover the eyes with sterile gauze, and then apply the external medicine to the eyes in cotton paper. Use more external eye diseases.

   (3) Eye bath method: it is to wash and soak the eyes with the decoction of traditional Chinese medicine, so that it can be directly used in the eyes to achieve the purposes of relieving wind and guiding stagnation, reducing redness and swelling, collecting tears and relieving itching. The eye bath solution needs to be filtered and used, and the solution is stained with sterile gauze or cotton swab to wash the part of the eyes. It can also be used to hold the filtered solution in a sterile eye cup, and buckle the mouth of the cup to the orbit and eyelid when the temperature is appropriate Keep blinking, play the role of eye bath and immersion.

   (4) Foaming method: it is a method to stick drugs with strong irritation to the skin on certain acupoints to make them blister. It is mainly used for eye diseases such as keratitis and corneal pannus. Generally, fresh Clematis root, fresh Buttercup, underground pearl and other drugs are selected. Neiguan point or temple are often selected. A small hole is left in the middle of a piece of adhesive tape to stick it on the acupoints, and the foaming drugs used are mashed to take the size of broad bean The foaming agent is placed on the adhesive tape, and then pasted with an adhesive tape to cover and fix it. It can be removed after foaming a day later. Pay attention to cleaning after local foaming and do not break it to avoid infection.

   (5) Nasal feeding method: it is a method that some irritant drugs are placed in the nasal cavity to sneeze to treat eye diseases. It has the effect of dispersing the lung and opening the orifices and evacuating external pathogens. It is suitable for external eye diseases, such as conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis, iridocyclitis, etc. aromatic irritant drugs, such as Biyun powder, are selected. Take a little medicine and blow it into the nose 1 ~ 3 times a day, because the drugs stimulate the exchange of tears and tears , sneezing frequently, opening the upper orifices, and the wind heat evil poison leaks out; Fresh geese can also be mashed into the nose without eating an appropriate amount of grass. Do not use this method for corneal perforation, fundus hemorrhage and high myopia to prevent change.

(6) rubbing the top of the head: it is a method to make a paste with drugs, place it on the top of the head and rub it repeatedly to treat eye diseases. Rubbing the top of the head can make the drugs absorbed through the scalp (Baihui Point), and it can also massage and stimulate acupoints, so as to refresh the brain, clear the orifices and smooth the flow of Qi and blood. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute iridocyclitis, visual fatigue, supraorbital neuralgia, eye disease and dizziness, heavy or overhead pain. During treatment, borneol, asarum, Acorus tatarinowii, safflower, camphor, etc. are used to grind the fine powder and adjust it into a paste with Vaseline or honey and clear oil. Take a small amount and apply it on the head, and then massage repeatedly for about 8 minutes, 1 ~ 2 times a day. It is best to shave your hair. People allergic to irritant drugs should use it with caution. The massage time should be uniform to avoid scratching the scalp.

   (7) Medicine pillow method: it is a method to treat eye diseases by placing the medicine in the pillow core after processing. The medicine pillow method can be used as an auxiliary treatment for chronic eye diseases and as one of the eye health care measures. This method can regulate and clear the orifices, smooth Qi and blood, and has a certain effect on eliminating eyesight fatigue. It can be used to dispel wind and heat, soothe the orifices and calm the mind, calm the liver and brighten the eyes, and aromatic Qi Drugs, especially flowers and herbs, are processed into medicine pillows for use.

(8) scraping method: it is a method of gently stabbing or scraping the eye focus with a sharp needle or a rough surface, and then rinsing with water. It can often remove evil poison and blood stasis, so it is called scraping and washing method. This method is suitable for eye diseases with blood stasis or rough particles on the inner surface of the eyelid, such as trachoma, conjunctivitis, etc. Methods: first drop 1% dicaine for surface anesthesia, then scrape the affected part with sterilized small sharp needle or rub the particle part repeatedly with special cuttlebone stick (high-pressure disinfection) until there is slight bleeding and the particles basically disappear, rinse with normal saline, drop antibiotic eye drops and eye ointment without bandaging.

,

and

, cold compress has the effects of clearing heat and cooling blood, hemostasis and analgesia. Due to the disadvantage of stagnating Qi and blood, it can only be used temporarily, not for a long time. For early hemostasis of contusion ocular bleeding and local heat and pain of acute conjunctivitis, wet gauze or towel with cold water, or apply externally with ice bag., Drug application is to mash the external application of fresh traditional Chinese medicine to the affected eyes, such as fresh rehmannia glutinosa, white radish, hibiscus flower or root, which is often used for those with bruised eyes, purple, swelling and pain; You can also use drugs such as clearing heat and detoxification, detumescence, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. At the end of research, add honey or vinegar to make a paste. First apply eye ointment to the eyes, cover the eyes with sterile gauze, and then apply the external medicine to the eyes in cotton paper. Use more external eye diseases.,    (3) Eye bath method: it is to wash and soak the eyes with the decoction of traditional Chinese medicine, so that it can be directly used in the eyes to achieve the purposes of relieving wind and guiding stagnation, reducing redness and swelling, collecting tears and relieving itching. The eye bath solution needs to be filtered and used, and the solution is stained with sterile gauze or cotton swab to wash the part of the eyes. It can also be used to hold the filtered solution in a sterile eye cup, and buckle the mouth of the cup to the orbit and eyelid when the temperature is appropriate Keep blinking to bathe your eyes and soak