External treatment of eye diseases — characteristics of Ophthalmology of traditional Chinese Medicine

Abstract: the eye bath method is to wash and soak the eyes with the decoction of traditional Chinese medicine, so that it can be directly used in the eyes, so as to achieve the purpose of dispersing wind and guiding stagnation, reducing redness and swelling, collecting tears and relieving itching. The eye bath solution needs to be filtered before use. Stain the solution with sterile gauze or cotton swab and rinse the part of the eye. There are many unique methods of

external treatment of traditional Chinese Medicine Ophthalmology, such as eye fumigation, eye application, eye bath, foaming, nose feeding, top rubbing, medicine pillow, scraping and washing, etc.

(1) eye fumigation method: it is a treatment method of fumigating the eyes with the hot gas transpiration of traditional Chinese medicine decoction. It has the dual effects of physical warm compress and drug treatment. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute and chronic uveitis, etc. Take the decocted traditional Chinese medicine away from the stove, cover the medicine tank with thick paper or perforated thick paper immediately, and smoke the eyes on the hot steam. It is better to bear the temperature without scalding. If the temperature is too low, it will not work. It can be heated again and fumigated for about 15 minutes each time, 1 ~ 3 times a day. This method should not be used for eye tumors, eye bleeding and acute conjunctivitis.

(2) eye application method: it is to apply cold, hot compress or medication directly to the outside of the eye. Clinically, different application methods are adopted according to the needs of the patient’s condition, among which damp heat application is more common. Wet and hot compress is to wet the gauze with liquid medicine or hot water to compress the eyes while they are hot. You can also wrap a wet towel in a hot water bag for external application. During hot compress, pay attention to the appropriate temperature. It is used for eyelid furuncle, keratitis, scleritis, uveitis, eyelid and conjunctival blood stasis 48 hours after eye trauma, and those who like temperature and press non organic eye diseases. Dry hot compress is similar to ironing. It can also be ironed by wrapping a towel in a hot water bag. It is usually fried with raw salt, scallion, wormwood leaf and Evodia rutaecarpa, wrapped with cloth, ironed the affected eyes or points such as sun, Baihui and Yongquan, which can dissipate cold and ventilate.

cold compress method has the effect of clearing heat and cooling blood, hemostasis and analgesia. Due to the disadvantage of stagnating Qi and blood, it can only be used temporarily, not for a long time. For early hemostasis of contusion ocular bleeding and local heat and pain of acute conjunctivitis, wet gauze or towel with cold water, or apply externally with ice bag.

and

drug application is to mash the external application of fresh traditional Chinese medicine to the affected eyes, such as fresh rehmannia glutinosa, white radish, hibiscus flower or root, which are often used for those with bruised eyes, purple, swelling and pain; You can also use drugs such as clearing heat and detoxification, detumescence, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. At the end of research, add honey or vinegar to make a paste. First apply eye ointment to the eyes, cover the eyes with sterile gauze, and then apply the external medicine to the eyes in cotton paper. Use more external eye diseases.

and

(3) eye bath method: it is to wash and soak the eyes with the decoction of traditional Chinese medicine, so that it can be directly used in the eyes, so as to achieve the purpose of dispersing wind and guiding stagnation, reducing redness and swelling, collecting tears and relieving itching. The eye bath solution needs to be filtered before use. Stain the solution with sterile gauze or cotton swab and rinse the part of the eye. The filtered liquid medicine can also be contained in a sterilized eye cup. Under the condition of appropriate temperature, the mouth of the cup is fastened to the orbit, and the eyelids blink continuously, which plays the role of eye bath and immersion.

and

(4) foaming method: it is a method of sticking drugs with strong irritation to the skin on certain acupoints to make them blister. It is mainly used for eye diseases such as keratitis and pannus. Generally, the root of fresh Clematis, fresh Buttercup, underground pearl and other drugs are selected. Neiguan point or temple are often selected. A small hole is left in the middle of a piece of adhesive tape and pasted on the acupoint. The foaming drug used is mashed. The foaming drug the size of broad bean is placed on the adhesive tape, and then pasted with an adhesive tape to cover and fix it. It can be removed after foaming a day. Pay attention to cleaning after local foaming and do not break it to avoid infection.

(5) nasal feeding method: it is a method to put some irritant drugs into the nasal cavity to sneeze to treat eye diseases. It has the effect of dispersing lung and opening orifices and evacuating external pathogens. It is suitable for external eye diseases, such as conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis, iridocyclitis, etc. Select aromatic irritant drugs, such as Biyun powder, take a little medicine and blow it into the nose 1 ~ 3 times a day. Because the drugs stimulate the exchange of tears and tears, sneeze frequently, open the upper orifices, and the wind heat evil poison leaks out; Fresh geese can also be mashed into the nose without eating an appropriate amount of grass. Do not use this method for corneal perforation, fundus hemorrhage and high myopia to prevent change.

(6) rubbing the top of the head: it is a method of making a paste with drugs, placing it on the top of the head and rubbing it repeatedly to treat eye diseases. The method of rubbing the top can make the medicine absorbed through the scalp (Baihui Point), and has the function of massaging and stimulating acupoints, so as to refresh the brain, clear the orifices and smooth the flow of Qi and blood. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute iridocyclitis, visual fatigue, supraorbital neuralgia, eye disease and dizziness, heavy or overhead pain. During treatment, borneol, asarum, Acorus tatarinowii, safflower, camphor, etc. are used to grind the fine powder and adjust it into a paste with Vaseline or honey and clear oil. Take a small amount and apply it on the head, and then massage repeatedly for about 8 minutes, 1 ~ 2 times a day. It is best to shave your hair. People allergic to irritant drugs should use it with caution. The massage time should be uniform to avoid scratching the scalp.

(7) medicine pillow method: it is a method to treat eye diseases by placing the medicine in the pillow core after processing and sleeping. Medicine pillow method can be used as an auxiliary treatment for chronic eye diseases and one of eye health care measures. This method has the function of regulating and clearing orifices, harmonizing Qi and blood, and has a certain effect on eliminating eyesight fatigue. When in use, drugs such as dispelling wind and radiating heat, promoting orifices and calming nerves, calming liver and brightening eyes, and aromatic Qi are selected, especially flowers and herbs. After processing, they are made into medicine pillows for use.

(8) scraping method: it is a method of gently stabbing or scraping the eye focus with a sharp needle or a rough surface, and then washing it with water. It can often remove evil poison and blood stasis, so it is called scraping and washing method. This method is suitable for eye diseases with blood stasis or rough particles on the inner surface of the eyelid, such as trachoma, conjunctivitis, etc. Methods: first drop 1% dicaine for surface anesthesia, then scrape the affected part with sterilized small sharp needle or rub the particle part repeatedly with special cuttlebone stick (high-pressure disinfection) until there is slight bleeding and the particles basically disappear, rinse with normal saline, drop antibiotic eye drops and eye ointment without bandaging.

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dispel blood stasis, reduce swelling, promote blood circulation and relieve pain. For local pain caused by arthritis and soft tissue injury. Price of

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soothe the liver and regulate qi, dispel depression and regulate menstruation. It is used for flank pain, chest and abdominal distension, irregular menstruation, headache, dizziness, upset, bitter mouth, dry throat, liver depression and qi stagnationHot water bag wrapped with towel can also be pressed externally. It is often fried with raw salt, scallion, wormwood leaf and Evodia rutaecarpa, wrapped with cloth, ironed the affected eyes, or ironed the sun, Baihui, Yongquan and other acupoints, which can disperse cold and ventilate., There are many unique methods of

external treatment of traditional Chinese Medicine Ophthalmology, such as eye fumigation, eye application, eye bath, foaming, nose feeding, top rubbing, medicine pillow, scraping and washing, etc.

(1) eye fumigation method: it is a treatment method of fumigating the eyes with the hot gas transpiration of traditional Chinese medicine decoction. It has the dual effects of physical warm compress and drug treatment. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute and chronic uveitis, etc. Take the decocted traditional Chinese medicine away from the stove, cover the medicine tank with thick paper or perforated thick paper immediately, and smoke the eyes on the hot steam. It is better to bear the temperature without scalding. If the temperature is too low, it will not work. It can be heated again and fumigated for about 15 minutes each time, 1 ~ 3 times a day. This method should not be used for eye tumors, eye bleeding and acute conjunctivitis.

(2) eye application method: it is to apply cold, hot compress or medication directly to the outside of the eye. Clinically, different application methods are adopted according to the needs of the patient’s condition, among which damp heat application is more common. Wet and hot compress is to wet the gauze with liquid medicine or hot water to compress the eyes while they are hot. You can also wrap a wet towel in a hot water bag for external application. During hot compress, pay attention to the appropriate temperature. It is used for eyelid furuncle, keratitis, scleritis, uveitis, eyelid and conjunctival blood stasis 48 hours after eye trauma, and those who like temperature and press non organic eye diseases. Dry hot compress is similar to ironing. It can also be ironed by wrapping a towel in a hot water bag. It is usually fried with raw salt, scallion, wormwood leaf and Evodia rutaecarpa, wrapped with cloth, ironed the affected eyes or points such as sun, Baihui and Yongquan, which can dissipate cold and ventilate.

cold compress method has the effect of clearing heat and cooling blood, hemostasis and analgesia. Due to the disadvantage of stagnating Qi and blood, it can only be used temporarily, not for a long time. For early hemostasis of contusion ocular bleeding and local heat and pain of acute conjunctivitis, wet gauze or towel with cold water, or apply externally with ice bag.

and

drug application is to mash the external application of fresh traditional Chinese medicine to the affected eyes, such as fresh rehmannia glutinosa, white radish, hibiscus flower or root, which are often used for those with bruised eyes, purple, swelling and pain; You can also use drugs such as clearing heat and detoxification, detumescence, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. At the end of research, add honey or vinegar to make a paste. First apply eye ointment to the eyes, cover the eyes with sterile gauze, and then apply the external medicine to the eyes in cotton paper. Use more external eye diseases.

and

(3) eye bath method: it is to wash and soak the eyes with the decoction of traditional Chinese medicine, so that it can be directly used in the eyes, so as to achieve the purpose of dispersing wind and guiding stagnation, reducing redness and swelling, collecting tears and relieving itching. The eye bath solution needs to be filtered before use. Stain the solution with sterile gauze or cotton swab and rinse the part of the eye. The filtered liquid medicine can also be contained in a sterilized eye cup. Under the condition of appropriate temperature, the mouth of the cup is fastened to the orbit, and the eyelids blink continuously, which plays the role of eye bath and immersion.

and

(4) foaming method: it is a method of sticking drugs with strong irritation to the skin on certain acupoints to make them blister. It is mainly used for eye diseases such as keratitis and pannus. Generally, the root of fresh Clematis, fresh Buttercup, underground pearl and other drugs are selected. Neiguan point or temple are often selected. A small hole is left in the middle of a piece of adhesive tape and pasted on the acupoint. The foaming drug used is mashed. The foaming drug the size of broad bean is placed on the adhesive tape, and then pasted with an adhesive tape to cover and fix it. It can be removed after foaming a day. Pay attention to cleaning after local foaming and do not break it to avoid infection.

(5) nasal feeding method: it is a method to put some irritant drugs into the nasal cavity to sneeze to treat eye diseases. It has the effect of dispersing lung and opening orifices and evacuating external pathogens. It is suitable for external eye diseases, such as conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis, iridocyclitis, etc. Select aromatic irritant drugs, such as Biyun powder, take a little medicine and blow it into the nose 1 ~ 3 times a day. Because the drugs stimulate the exchange of tears and tears, sneeze frequently, open the upper orifices, and the wind heat evil poison leaks out; Fresh geese can also be mashed into the nose without eating an appropriate amount of grass. Do not use this method for corneal perforation, fundus hemorrhage and high myopia to prevent change.

(6) rubbing the top of the head: it is a method of making a paste with drugs, placing it on the top of the head and rubbing it repeatedly to treat eye diseases. The method of rubbing the top can make the medicine absorbed through the scalp (Baihui Point), and has the function of massaging and stimulating acupoints, so as to refresh the brain, clear the orifices and smooth the flow of Qi and blood. It is suitable for keratitis, scleritis, acute iridocyclitis, visual fatigue, supraorbital neuralgia, eye disease and dizziness, heavy or overhead pain. During treatment, borneol, asarum, Acorus tatarinowii, safflower, camphor, etc. are used to grind the fine powder and adjust it into a paste with Vaseline or honey and clear oil. Take a small amount and apply it on the head, and then massage repeatedly for about 8 minutes, 1 ~ 2 times a day. It is best to shave your hair. People allergic to irritant drugs should use it with caution. The massage time should be uniform to avoid scratching the scalp.

(7) medicine pillow method: it is a method to treat eye diseases by placing the medicine in the pillow core after processing and sleeping. Medicine pillow method can be used as an auxiliary treatment for chronic eye diseases and one of eye health care measures. This method has the function of regulating and clearing orifices, harmonizing Qi and blood, and has a certain effect on eliminating eyesight fatigue. When in use, drugs such as dispelling wind and radiating heat, promoting orifices and calming nerves, calming liver and brightening eyes, and aromatic Qi are selected, especially flowers and herbs. After processing, they are made into medicine pillows for use.

(8) scraping method: it is a method of gently stabbing or scraping the eye focus with a sharp needle or a rough surface, and then washing it with water. It can often remove evil poison and blood stasis, so it is called scraping and washing method. This method is suitable for eye diseases with blood stasis or rough particles on the inner surface of the eyelid, such as trachoma, conjunctivitis, etc. Methods: first drop 1% dicaine for surface anesthesia, then scrape the affected part with sterilized small sharp needle or rub the particle part repeatedly with special cuttlebone stick (high-pressure disinfection) until there is slight bleeding and the particles basically disappear, rinse with normal saline, drop antibiotic eye drops and eye ointment without bandaging.

,

and

, cold compress has the effects of clearing heat and cooling blood, hemostasis and analgesia. Due to the disadvantage of stagnating Qi and blood, it can only be used temporarily, not for a long time. For early hemostasis of contusion ocular bleeding and local heat and pain of acute conjunctivitis, wet gauze or towel with cold water, or apply externally with ice bag., Drug application is to mash the external application of fresh traditional Chinese medicine to the affected eyes, such as fresh rehmannia glutinosa, white radish, hibiscus flower or root, which is often used for those with bruised eyes, purple, swelling and pain; You can also use drugs such as clearing heat and detoxification, detumescence, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. After grinding, add honey or vinegar to make a paste, and apply eye ointment first