Abstract: amblyopia is a very common eye disease in children. There are about 10 million amblyopia children in China. Amblyopia is different from myopia or hyperopia. Amblyopia refers to an eye disease with normal eyeball examination and abnormal monocular or binocular vision, and the vision can not reach more than 0.9 through wearing glasses.
wants to protect our eyes. In fact, the method is not so difficult. A set of simple eye exercises taught by ophthalmologists can be carried out immediately in our leisure time of life and work. It is not only simple, but also has good results.
focus on the movement of the thumb
for 2 minutes Objective: to improve the motor function of the eyes
cover one eye with a towel or eye mask or palm. Be careful not to close your eyes tightly! Sit in a chair and keep your body straight. Don’t lean against it! Put your feet parallel in front of your body. Straighten the arm on the side of your body with your eyes open and raise your thumb. When doing eye exercises, always keep your eyes on your thumb and never make it disappear from your sight. Keep your head straight and don’t follow your arms.
move the arm horizontally from right to left for 7 times, with the maximum distance of 60 ~ 70cm. Then move vertically from top to bottom for 7 times, Then do diagonal oblique movement for 7 times (first from left to top, then right to bottom, then right to top, and then left to bottom), and finally do circle movement for 7 times (first clockwise, then counterclockwise). Change hands and practice again.
important expert tips: the practice time of each eye shall not exceed 2 minutes, otherwise the eyes will feel tired.
watch the two pencils
alternately for 4 minutes Objective: to train spatial vision
sit in a chair, keep your body straight and don’t lean against! Put your feet parallel in front of your body. Hold a pencil in each hand. The pencil is vertical in front of the nose in parallel. One pencil is about 20cm away from the nose and the other is about 50cm away.
now began to take turns to stare at a far and near pencil and see how the pencil that was not aimed could be seen as two shapes and become blurred. Watch slowly at first, then gradually increase the speed. Practice for no more than 4 minutes, otherwise you will feel tired.
expert important tips: if you don’t have diplopia (you can’t see the diplopia), you can try to move your invisible pencil slightly, or look out of the window for a while, and then practice again. If you can’t see the diplopia all the time, you should see an ophthalmologist or ask an optometrist to check your eyesight.
2 minutes to reproduce the letters
in your mind. Purpose: to train your eyes to be sharp.
hold a foreign magazine or a newspaper, Find an asymmetric letter (e.g. English lowercase letter A, as shown in the figure), and then look at the letter S for 5 times. Then close your eyes and reproduce the accurate figure of the letter and its sharp contrast in your heart for 30 seconds.
Now you imagine the letter S at a distance with very keen eyes. Repeat the exercise once and imagine the letter s figure for 30 seconds. Then imagine the opposite shape of the letter S. if you master all the essentials of the exercise, you can finish the exercise without interruption.
Important tips from experts: do not do this exercise for hyperopia. Some nearsighted people have many difficulties in doing this exercise, but it will become easier and easier through repeated practice.
watch the chest throw and catch
for 3 minutes Objective: to train the side vision
this exercise needs to be completed in a standing position. Look for a place with an eye point at least 4 meters away to do this exercise.
now you throw a tennis ball up and catch the falling tennis ball. When you throw up and down to catch a tennis ball, your eyes never leave the distant gaze. When a tennis ball goes up and down, you should only watch with the rest of your eyes. If you successfully master this practice method, you can even throw the tennis ball up more than 1 meter and catch the falling tennis ball again, then you can move your arm farther and farther to one side of your body until you see that the tennis ball is still in the view of the corner of your eyes. When
begin to practice, the left and right hand wheels change the ground to do throwing and catching tennis and side looking exercises. After practicing skillfully, you can do throwing and catching tennis and side looking exercises with both hands at the same time.
expert important tips: even if you feel difficult when you start practicing, you should not look directly at tennis. If you want to improve your practice level, you can practice while watching TV.
4-minute eye covering exercise
purpose: relax your eyes
sit at your desk with your elbows supported on the table or thighs. Put your arched palm in front of your eyes, cover your eyes, but don’t close your eyes, and you can breathe freely with your nose. Try not to let the light into your eyes.
now imagine a beautiful picture (such as the ocean) in front of you and in the distance. After practicing for at least 4 minutes, slowly put down your eyes covering hands, and the practice is over. Then you can look at things in your side field of vision with the rest of your eyes.
Important tips from experts: farsighted people and people who are not easy to concentrate should slightly change the method of this exercise: watch the light of a lamp with their eyes around, but their eyes are not straight into the light! Then you look at the resulting spot of light until it slowly disappears.
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