Abstract: eye exercises have been accompanied by students from generation to generation. Recently, there has been a debate about whether eye exercises can effectively prevent myopia. Some people think that it can not only prevent myopia, but also be harmful.
recently, during a group discussion in the literary and sports circles of the CPPCC Jilin Provincial Committee, members expressed their views on the vision problems of primary and secondary school students. Commissioner Shi Lixue said that now the living standard has improved, but the students’ eyesight has decreased. Relevant departments should introduce corresponding measures and methods to popularize the knowledge of healthy eye use. He questioned the protective effect of eye exercises on eyes.
China is the only country in the world to promote eye exercises nationwide, and it has been doing it for decades. “We have done eye exercises for so many years, but the myopia rate ranks second in the world. Has anyone confirmed the role of eye exercises? It is not required by the state, so it must be correct.” Shi Li, member of the CPPCC Provincial Committee.
according to the reporter, at present, the “enthusiasm” of primary and middle school students for eye exercises has been greatly reduced. Many students are “enforced” by teachers, and some naughty children even do exercises with their eyes open. Some teachers reported that some children do not pay attention to hand hygiene. When doing eye exercises, their small hands are black; There are also young students who can’t find the correct position when doing exercises, or the strength of their hands is too strong, making their eyes red.
according to Beijing media reports, eye exercises have spent a good youth time with generations of students. Recently, there has been a debate about whether eye exercises can effectively prevent myopia. Some people think that it can not only prevent myopia, but also be harmful. Should
students continue to do eye exercises? The relevant personnel of Changchun Education Bureau said that adhering to doing eye exercises in the correct way must play a certain role in alleviating eye fatigue, but the specific benefits for the prevention and treatment of eye diseases have not been verified so far.
it is understood that at present, only China is implementing eye exercises in the world, while the myopia rate of Chinese students ranks second in the world, with 28% for primary school students, 60% for junior middle school students and 85% for senior high school students. In the United States, which does not do eye exercises, the myopia rate is only 25%. “However, this does not mean that eye exercises are harmful to vision.” Cui Yixiang, chief physician of Beijing Center for Disease Control and prevention, said.
Cui Yixiang said that eye exercises were created by physical education teacher Liu Shiming of Beijing Medical College in the late 1950s. Liu has a deep knowledge of traditional Chinese medicine massage and has eye diseases. At this time, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of education is conducting a vision survey in primary and secondary schools in the city. The survey results are very worrying. The municipal health and epidemic prevention station and the Education Bureau inquired about the health exercises created by Liu Shiming, so they actively studied and discussed and created 8 eye health exercises. Eye exercises, like recess exercises, can improve people’s awareness of eye care, adjust the blood circulation of eyes and head, regulate muscles and improve eye fatigue. Cui Yixiang of
said that this set of eye exercises passed the review of relevant experts such as Beijing Traditional Chinese medicine hospital, received the support of traditional Chinese medicine theory, standardized the techniques and scientific methods of acupoint selection, and changed section 8 to section 5. Since then, Zhang Xiaolou, an ophthalmology professor at Tongren Hospital, pointed out that eye exercises are beneficial to eye health, which is the statement of the authority of Ophthalmology of Western medicine.
“from a medical point of view, doing eye exercises can not prevent myopia. There are many reasons for myopia. It should be said that eye exercises are only a way to prevent myopia,” said Li Ying, associate professor of the eye optics medical center of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. “Eye exercises can alleviate visual fatigue, relax eye muscles, dredge meridians and activate collaterals, and improve eye blood circulation.”
Dr. Chen Yueguo, a myopia treatment expert in the eye center of the Third Hospital of Peking University, said that from the perspective of Western medicine, the cause of myopia is the lengthening of eye axis length, and doing eye exercises can not prevent the change of eye axis length, so it has no substantive role in the prevention and treatment of myopia.
Chen Yueguo believes that when primary and secondary school students do eye exercises, they can give their eyes a chance to relax and rest, which is the same as using this time to look into the distance.
“it is worth noting that it is best to do eye exercises under the guidance of professional health doctors. Pay attention to the strength and methods, and don’t touch the eyeballs, so as not to cause some unnecessary damage.” Li Ying reminded. Li Ying believes that most of the myopia of ordinary teenagers are “pseudomyopia”, which is a kind of functional myopia caused by excessive eye use and tension regulation. However, if spasmolysis is not treated in time, it will develop true myopia over time.
she suggested that to prevent myopia, we should cultivate children’s good health habits from an early age.
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