Eye exercises twice a day are included in the curriculum. How do foreign children prevent myopia?

Abstract: the survey results show that the detection rate of poor vision in primary school students is 45.71%, 74.36% in junior middle school students and 83.28% in senior high school students, that is, more than 70% of middle school students have poor vision. The notice of the three departments requires that the eye exercises system should be established and improved, the time of eye exercises twice a day should be included in the curriculum, and students should be organized to do eye exercises carefully. Eye exercises incidence rate of children and adolescents is controlled by

. The three departments of the national health and Family Planning Commission, the Ministry of education and the State Administration of Physical Education jointly issued a document to strengthen the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents, and establish and improve the eye exercises system. Two times of eye exercises were included in the curriculum every day.

in recent years, the myopia rate of children and adolescents in China is on the rise, and it increases significantly with age. Myopia has become a serious problem affecting China’s national quality in the future. According to the results of the 2014 national student physique and health survey of the Ministry of education, the detection rate of poor eyesight of primary school students is 45.71%, that of junior middle school students is 74.36%, and that of senior high school students is 83.28%, that is, more than 70% of middle school students have poor eyesight. The notice of the three departments requires that the eye exercises system should be established and improved, the time of eye exercises twice a day should be included in the curriculum, and students should be organized to do eye exercises carefully. Ensure that the students’ daily physical activity time in the school is not less than 1 hour, and urge students to participate in outdoor activities during recess. Effectively reduce students’ schoolwork burden, do not arbitrarily increase teaching hours, do not occupy holidays, weekends and winter and summer holidays, organize students to attend classes, and make overall arrangements for students’ homework time. Reduce short-distance and long-time eye use, reduce the use of electronic video products, and ensure adequate sleep and balanced nutrition.

eye care operation is a kind of massage of eye acupoints, which is useful to alleviate visual fatigue. It can rest students’ eyes. There is no evidence that how long you do eye exercises can reduce myopia, or how long you can do it without myopia.

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in order to detect myopia early, the notice requires that kindergartens should regularly check the eyesight of children. If children with abnormal eyesight are found, they should timely inform their parents to go to medical institutions for further diagnosis and treatment; All primary and secondary schools shall establish a regular vision monitoring system to check their eyesight regularly. Grade management shall be carried out for students with declining vision and mild myopia, and relevant measures shall be implemented. The problem of

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myopia is not limited to China. At present, there are about 2 billion myopic people in the world’s population of about 7.3 billion. Experts pointed out that the rapid increase of myopia has become a global public health problem that can not be ignored.

in Germany, the survey found that about five years ago, the myopia rate of German students was still relatively low, which has been controlled below 15%. Whether primary school students or college students, few people wear glasses. As a last resort, children who wear glasses will feel like “aliens”. However, with the development of the Internet, there are a wide range of electronic products, and this situation has also changed greatly.

the survey data of a German Health Research Institute in 2014 show that the myopia rate in Germany is directly related to the level of education. In the population with low education level, the myopia rate is less than 25%; The myopia rate of people with high school diploma is about 35%; The myopia rate of people with higher education above university is more than 53%. In addition, according to the data of German eye consulting network, 15% of German children need vision correction, including hyperopia, amblyopia and myopia, especially the myopia rate is rising sharply.

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surveys show that improper eye use is the main reason for the high incidence of myopia. In fact, primary and secondary school students in Germany have little learning pressure, especially primary school students. Most of them only have half a day’s class hours, go home from school at noon and have little homework. Basically, they can ensure sufficient outdoor activity time. With the popularity of smart phones, tablets and other electronic products, many people stare at the screen for a long time and become the so-called “bow head group”. This not only causes cervical problems, but also causes greater damage to vision, especially for developing children, which is easy to lead to myopia.

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German experts called on schools and parents to pay attention to the control of children’s use of such electronic products, guide children to make proper use of sufficient spare time and carry out more outdoor activities, such as playing football and cycling. Almost every residential area in Germany has a special playground for children. Playing with sand is healthier than indulging in mobile phones, computers and so on.

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in Australia, generally speaking, the visual acuity of Australian children is very ideal. A horizontal comparative data shows that among children aged 6 to 7, the proportion of Australian children suffering from myopia is 1.3%, which is far lower than the level of other countries, which has something to do with long-term outdoor sports.

although there are no eye exercises or special eye health activities in Australia, long-term outdoor sports keep Australian children’s eyesight good. According to statistics, children in Australia have an average of two hours of outdoor sports every day. Some children experts said that although it does not show that sunbathing is helpful to prevent children’s myopia, more participation in outdoor sports does reflect the positive impact on children’s myopia prevention, especially for the eyes of patients with pseudomyopia. In addition, another reason why Australian children’s myopia is not prominent is that Australian children don’t study for a long time. In primary and secondary school, children usually go to school at 9 o’clock and finish school at more than 3 o’clock; At the primary school stage, children have almost no homework. After returning home, they spend a lot of time freely, do not stare at books all the time, and use their eyes for a long time is also very short. Therefore, among Australian students, the proportion of wearing glasses is not high.

of course, there are hidden concerns about the maintenance of vision of Australian children. Like children in other parts of the world, children in Australia spend more and more time using electronic devices or watching TV. A survey of 18000 young Australians this year found that 56% of teenagers spent more than two hours a day watching various screens outside school, while one in ten spent more than four hours a day watching screens after school. It’s possible to stare at the screen for a long timeIt will lead to the decline of children’s eyesight. Therefore, Australia has issued a national guide, which points out that children aged 2-5 should watch the screen no more than one hour a day, while teenagers aged 5-18 should not spend more than two hours a day.

what is the visual status of teenagers in Britain and how do they deal with myopia? According to the survey, the rate of myopia in Britain has doubled in the past 50 years. Less than a third of local governments follow the national screening guidelines to conduct vision tests for children aged 4-5, which increases the risk of learning disabilities in the future, the British College of optometrists warned. A recent survey shows that 23% of children aged 12-13 in Britain suffer from myopia, compared with only 10% in the 1960s.

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experts pointed out that the main reason for doubling the myopia rate is that children’s outdoor activities are greatly reduced. Therefore, it is suggested that parents should pay attention to their children’s visual acuity at ordinary times and take them to relevant institutions for examination in time in case of abnormalities. These abnormalities include always rubbing your eyes, being close to the ground when watching TV or reading, hand eye disharmony, etc. If children often complain about blurred vision, diplopia or unexplained headache, unwilling to read or draw, closing one eye when reading, etc., it may also be a manifestation of vision loss. Mobile phone computer is now used more frequently in the UK, and the incidence rate of myopia in Britain is higher.

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