From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, the diet of patients with different eye diseases should be avoided!

Abstract: more and more people begin to have excess nutrition and improper nutrition, which is called “escape disease” in traditional Chinese medicine. This unhealthy lifestyle can lead to obesity, which leads to an increasing incidence rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia will cause the corresponding pathological changes of the eye.

in modern society, with the continuous improvement of people’s living standards, more and more people begin to have excess and improper nutrition, which is called “escape disease” in traditional Chinese medicine. This unhealthy lifestyle can lead to obesity, which leads to an increasing incidence rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia will cause corresponding ocular diseases, such as retinal arteriosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal hemorrhage, retinal vein occlusion, etc.

some eye diseases are directly caused by malnutrition, such as partial night blindness and corneal malacia. For most patients with eye diseases, good general nutritional status, enhanced body resistance and improved immunity can reduce the disease, accelerate the healing of the disease and shorten the course of the disease; On the contrary, the course of disease is prolonged and the condition is aggravated, which eventually leads to poor prognosis. This paper will elaborate on the suitability and contraindications of diet in the life of patients with different ophthalmic diseases. Dry eye refers to the general name of a variety of diseases characterized by abnormal tear quality and quantity or abnormal dynamics, accompanied by eye discomfort and eye surface tissue lesions. The occurrence of dry eye is often related to the lack of vitamin A in people’s diet. Patients with dry eye should eat more fresh vegetables, animal and plant fats, as well as protein rich foods, such as pork, eggs, cheese, fish, poultry, milk, nuts and grains. Carotene can be converted into vitamin A, which can make epithelial cells secrete mucus, so as to prevent the occurrence of dry eye or alleviate the discomfort symptoms of dry eye. Do not eat hot spices and irritant foods such as fennel, pepper, ginger and garlic, including coffee and strong tea. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that this kind of spicy food is easy to consume liver blood, and “tears are the liquid of the liver”. Tears are produced by the Yin blood of the liver. Therefore, this kind of food consumes the Yin blood of the liver, so it is not suitable for patients with dry eyes. Palpebral gland inflammation} refers to the suppurative inflammation of palpebral gland tissue caused by suppurative bacterial infection, also known as “wheat granuloma”. The symptoms include eyelid redness, swelling and pain, and may be accompanied by swelling of preauricular lymph nodes, tenderness, fever, chills, etc. Traditional Chinese medicine calls it “needle eye”. Such patients should consider the underlying heat of the spleen and stomach, in which the medical treatment principle is clearing heat and purging fire and regulating the spleen and stomach. Often drink honeysuckle and chrysanthemum tea, and drink more boiled water. Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits with high vitamin C content, such as Kiwi fruit, carambola and apple, and appropriately supplement protein, vitamin B2, vitamin E, zinc and high cellulose foods. Drink less, eat less sweets and have a light diet. Conjunctivitis conjunctivitis is divided into acute and chronic. Acute conjunctivitis is commonly known as “red eye disease”, which is caused by bacterial and viral infection. Chronic conjunctivitis is a chronic inflammation of conjunctiva caused by many factors. The TCM treatment principle of conjunctivitis is “expelling wind, clearing heat, clearing liver and brightening eyes”. Accordingly, the diet should be light, do not eat hot and irritating food, avoid tobacco and alcohol, eat more plain or cool vegetables and fruits, such as apples, pears, watermelon, peaches, cabbage, rape, celery, balsam pear, etc., and drink green tea and chrysanthemum tea appropriately. Keratitis keratitis is a keratitis caused by various microbial infections. It can be divided into bacterial keratitis, viral keratitis, vesicular keratitis and fungal keratitis. Patients with bacterial keratitis should have a light and nutritious diet, eat more vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin A, and drink more water to keep their stools unobstructed. Patients with viral keratitis should not only take more exercise to increase their physique and avoid colds, fever and overwork, but also appropriately increase their protein intake and eat more vegetables and fruits to promote wound healing. At the same time, they should avoid cold food, such as pears, crabs, cold drinks, etc. Vesicular keratitis should eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, diet should be rich in nutrition, do not smoke or drink. Fungal keratitis should eat more heat clearing and moisture expelling foods, such as winter melon, job’s tears, yam, celery, balsam pear, etc. Do not eat spicy food to prevent aggravation. The diet of patients with ametropia and presbyopia should be avoided: ametropia refers to that when the adjustment of the eye is static, the parallel light from the outside cannot just focus on the retina. Ametropia includes myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Myopia is the kind of refractive error that occurs when the eye is still at rest. When the external parallel rays are focused on the retina, it is the highest incidence rate of refractive errors. China is also a major country of myopia, especially the young people. The number of myopia is over 75%. Myopic people, on the one hand, should strengthen outdoor sports, and should eat more eggs, milk, honey and other foods rich in protein, fat, inorganic salts and vitamin nutrients. Protein should be ingested with all essential amino acids, and vitamins include vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin D, etc. these substances have a certain nutritional effect on ocular muscles, retina, sclera and other tissues, and can increase the strength of ciliary muscle and the toughness of sclera. These nutrients have a certain effect on preventing pseudomyopia. Hyperopia} when the eye is adjusted and stationary, and the external parallel light is focused behind the retina, causing blurred vision, it is called hyperopia. For hyperopia patients, jujube can regulate the strength of ciliary body muscle, and the sex temperature of jujube can calm the mind. The combination of jujube, honey, medlar and chrysanthemum can alleviate the symptoms of blurred vision and visual fatigue caused by hyperopia. Patients need to strengthen the supplement of protein and vitamins in their diet. They can eat more foods with high protein such as eggs, milk and animal viscera, as well as foods rich in calcium such as beans, cauliflower and shrimp. Pay attention to eye hygiene, strengthen exercise and enhance physique to slow down the deepening of hyperopia. The diet of presbyopia patients should be avoided: with the growth of age, the lens gradually hardens, the elasticity decreases, and the function of ciliary muscle gradually decreases, resulting in the gradual decline of eye regulation function and the difficulty of reading and other close work, which began at the age of 45 ~ 50. Although presbyopia is a normal aging phenomenon, presbyopia often occurs in advance when there are many diseases of body deficiency and some other ophthalmic diseasesRelatively healthy people are also more serious. According to the viewpoint of traditional Chinese medicine, presbyopia is related to kidney water loss and insufficient blood essence. The recommended meals are black beans, lean pork, beef, mutton, animal liver, honey, vegetables and nuts. Honey, in particular, can delay aging because it contains a variety of amino acids. Black beans have the function of Tonifying the kidney and nourishing the blood, so they have a certain effect on delaying the occurrence of presbyopia. The diet of cataract and glaucoma patients should be avoided: cataract refers to the change of the transparency or color of the lens and the decline of vision with age. Most of them occur in people over 40 years old. Patients will have decreased vision, easy eye fatigue, and may even have visual object deformation, glare, diplopia and multi vision symptoms. The occurrence of cataract is related to age, ultraviolet radiation and other factors. In addition, in people’s daily diet, malnutrition is also a cause of cataract in advance. It is found that in the turbid lens, the trace elements are unbalanced and the contents of vitamin C and glutathione are reduced. Therefore, patients should often eat kiwi fruit, carambola, apple and other fresh vegetables and fruits with high vitamin C content. In addition, adequate intake of zinc, vitamins A, D, e and riboflavin is also of positive significance for the prevention of cataract. Foods high in zinc include shrimp, peanuts, milk, mutton, etc. foods high in vitamin A, e and riboflavin include egg yolk, soybeans, black sesame, animal liver, etc. Others need to pay attention to drinking less, quitting smoking, eating less sweets, and eating as light as possible. Cataract surgery is the most effective method for the treatment of cataract. The diet of patients after cataract surgery should pay attention to balanced nutritional intake. Pay attention to prevent constipation. You can eat more digestible foods, such as fresh vegetables and fruits, crude fiber, high-quality protein, etc. Eat less spicy food such as pepper, tobacco, wine, coffee and strong tea. Alcohol and warm tonic food should not be drunk before and after operation. Glaucoma Glaucoma is a group of blinding diseases that seriously damage visual function. The occurrence of glaucoma is mostly due to the increase of intraocular pressure caused by excessive aqueous humor or the dysfunction of aqueous circulation, which then forces the retinal optic nerve, resulting in irreversible damage to retinal neurons. The patients showed visual field defect and even blindness in the late stage. Because the increase of intraocular pressure is related to the systemic blood circulation, the effect of reducing intraocular pressure can be achieved by diuresis. Glaucoma patients need to take measures to reduce intraocular pressure. Honey is a hypertonic agent in food, which can reduce part of intraocular pressure. Oral honey water can alleviate the symptoms of elevated intraocular pressure. You can also eat some foods that benefit water and remove dampness, such as winter melon, job’s tears, yam, Euryale ferox, etc. Glaucoma patients should eat regularly and appropriately. It is not suitable to drink more water or a large amount of water at one time. The daily diet such as soybean milk and fruit juice should also be reduced or consumed in small amounts. The diet should be less salt and light. It is not suitable to eat spicy foods such as ginger, garlic, coffee and strong tea. The postoperative diet of glaucoma patients should be vegetarian rather than warm tonic, because it is necessary to prevent premature wound healing in glaucoma surgery to affect the curative effect. Postoperative patients should avoid high protein diet to prevent premature healing of trabecular meshwork incision. The diet of patients with retinal and vitreous diseases should be avoided: age-related macular degeneration. This disease is also known as age-related macular degeneration. Most patients are over 50 years old. They have both eyes successively or at the same time, and progressive damage to vision, which seriously endangers the quality of life of the middle-aged and elderly. It is one of the main causes of blindness of the elderly. Due to the aging population, the number of patients with age-related macular degeneration in China is increasing, which has become one of the key topics of ophthalmic blindness prevention research. Some foreign studies have shown that the risk of age-related macular degeneration is greatly reduced in people whose diet is rich in carotenoids. Further experiments show that this is related to some antioxidative vitamins contained in carotenoids, such as vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E. More studies have shown that eating more vitamins rich in antioxidants can also delay the progress of the disease in patients with age-related macular degeneration. Spinach is also a good food for age-related macular degeneration. Vitamin A, C and E are abundant in many vegetables and fruits, such as orange, mango, kiwi fruit, grapefruit, dried almond, tomato, pepper, carrot, cabbage, pea and bean sprout. Some experts believe that the amount of these antioxidant vitamins provided by diet is limited. Therefore, some people try to supplement them by eating vitamin tablets. Foreign studies have reported that eating appropriate vitamin tablets can alleviate the course of age-related macular degeneration and improve the corresponding vision. However, other research results show that high-dose vitamin supplementation is not beneficial to patients with age-related macular degeneration. On the contrary, it may produce many side effects. Therefore, it is not recommended to take a large number of vitamin tablets. Now the unified view is that people with a balanced diet with enough fresh vegetables and fruits do not need additional vitamins. However, additional supplements can be considered in the following cases: those with insufficient fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet, those with poor absorption function, and those who need supplements as recommended by the doctor. Ophthalmologists of traditional Chinese medicine have found from clinical practice that senile macular degeneration is mostly related to the weakness of the spleen and kidney in old age. They can eat more, including jujube, longan, yam, Euryale ferox, medlar, pork, mutton, shrimp, etc. some of them actually belong to the same source of Medicine and food. Ophthalmic vascular associated ophthalmopathy is becoming more and more common in modern society. Excessive nutrition and improper nutrition can cause eye diseases. Excessive accumulation of fat and cholesterol can cause retinal arteriosclerosis, retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy and hypertensive retinopathy. For such ophthalmic diseases caused by excessive intake of substances, it is necessary to reasonably adjust the diet and regulate the whole body, so as to be conducive to the improvement of the condition and the recovery of the disease. The treatment principle of traditional Chinese medicine for this kind of disease is to dredge collaterals and remove stasis, replenish qi and activate blood circulation. For patients with retinal artery and vein occlusion, the diet should be light, avoid fat, sweet and spicy food, quit smoking and alcohol. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the serious complications of diabetes. The disease is mainly related to the retinal microvascular system, characterized by microangioma, hemorrhage, exudation and neovascularization. The severity of the disease is related to the course of disease and blood glucose control. In the process of dietotherapy, we mainly pay attention to control

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nourishes the kidney and nourishes the liver. It is used for dizziness, tinnitus, astringent eyes, photophobia and blurred vision due to yin deficiency of liver and kidney.

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can promote blood circulation, remove blood stasis and dredge collaterals. It is used for venation stasis, dizziness and headache, limb numbness, chest arthralgia and heartache, chest tightness, palpitation and shortness of breath; coronary heart disease and cerebral arteriosclerosis see the above symptoms.

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is used to strengthen the stomach and eliminate food. It is used for food accumulation caused by weakness of the spleen and stomach, symptoms such as lack of diet, belching, sour smell, fullness of the epigastric cavity, and indigestion with the above symptoms.

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tonifying the spleen and stomach, promoting dampness and stopping diarrhea. It is used for weakness of the spleen and stomach, no elimination of diet, diarrhea or vomiting, thin shape and color, and fatigue.

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, Abstract: more and more people begin to have excess nutrition and improper nutrition, which is called” escape disease “in traditional Chinese medicine 。 This unhealthy lifestyle can lead to obesity, which leads to an increasing incidence rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia will cause the corresponding pathological changes in the eye. In modern society, with the continuous improvement of people’s living standards, more and more people begin to have excess nutrition and improper nutrition, which is called “escape disease” in traditional Chinese medicine. This unhealthy lifestyle can lead to obesity, which leads to an increasing incidence rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia will cause corresponding ocular diseases, such as retinal arteriosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal hemorrhage, retinal vein obstruction, etc.

in modern society, with the continuous improvement of people’s living standards, more and more people begin to have excess and improper nutrition, which is called “escape disease” in traditional Chinese medicine. This unhealthy lifestyle can lead to obesity, which leads to an increasing incidence rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia will cause corresponding ocular diseases, such as retinal arteriosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal hemorrhage, retinal vein occlusion, etc.

some eye diseases are directly caused by malnutrition, such as partial night blindness and corneal malacia. For most patients with eye diseases, good general nutritional status, enhanced body resistance and improved immunity can reduce the disease, accelerate the healing of the disease and shorten the course of the disease; On the contrary, the course of disease is prolonged and the condition is aggravated, which eventually leads to poor prognosis. This paper will elaborate on the suitability and contraindications of diet in the life of patients with different ophthalmic diseases. Dry eye refers to the general name of a variety of diseases characterized by abnormal tear quality and quantity or abnormal dynamics, accompanied by eye discomfort and eye surface tissue lesions. The occurrence of dry eye is often related to the lack of vitamin A in people’s diet. Patients with dry eye should eat more fresh vegetables, animal and plant fats, as well as protein rich foods, such as pork, eggs, cheese, fish, poultry, milk, nuts and grains. Carotene can be converted into vitamin A, which can make epithelial cells secrete mucus, so as to prevent the occurrence of dry eye or alleviate the discomfort symptoms of dry eye. Do not eat hot spices and irritant foods such as fennel, pepper, ginger and garlic, including coffee and strong tea. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that this kind of spicy food is easy to consume liver blood, and “tears are the liquid of the liver”. Tears are produced by the Yin blood of the liver. Therefore, this kind of food consumes the Yin blood of the liver, so it is not suitable for patients with dry eyes. Palpebral gland inflammation} refers to the suppurative inflammation of palpebral gland tissue caused by suppurative bacterial infection, also known as “wheat granuloma”. The symptoms include eyelid redness, swelling and pain, and may be accompanied by swelling of preauricular lymph nodes, tenderness, fever, chills, etc. Traditional Chinese medicine calls it “needle eye”. Such patients should consider the underlying heat of the spleen and stomach, in which the medical treatment principle is clearing heat and purging fire and regulating the spleen and stomach. Often drink honeysuckle and chrysanthemum tea, and drink more boiled water. Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits with high vitamin C content, such as Kiwi fruit, carambola and apple, and appropriately supplement protein, vitamin B2, vitamin E, zinc and high cellulose foods. Drink less, eat less sweets and have a light diet. Conjunctivitis conjunctivitis is divided into acute and chronic. Acute conjunctivitis is commonly known as “red eye disease”, which is caused by bacterial and viral infection. Chronic conjunctivitis is a chronic inflammation of conjunctiva caused by many factors. The TCM treatment principle of conjunctivitis is “expelling wind, clearing heat, clearing liver and brightening eyes”. Accordingly, the diet should be light, do not eat hot and irritating food, avoid tobacco and alcohol, eat more plain or cool vegetables and fruits, such as apples, pears, watermelon, peaches, cabbage, rape, celery, balsam pear, etc., and drink green tea and chrysanthemum tea appropriately. Keratitis keratitis is a keratitis caused by various microbial infections. It can be divided into bacterial keratitis, viral keratitis, vesicular keratitis and fungal keratitis. Patients with bacterial keratitis should have a light and nutritious diet, eat more vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin A, and drink more water to keep their stools unobstructed. Patients with viral keratitis should not only take more exercise to increase their physique and avoid cold, fever and overwork, but also appropriately increase their protein intake and eat more vegetables and fruits to promote wound healing. At the same time, they should avoid cold food, such as: pears, crabs, cold drinks, etc. Vesicular keratitis should eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, diet should be rich in nutrition, do not smoke or drink. Fungal keratitis should eat more heat clearing and moisture expelling foods, such as winter melon, job’s tears, yam, celery, balsam pear, etc. Do not eat spicy food to prevent aggravation. The diet of patients with ametropia and presbyopia should be avoided: ametropia refers to that when the adjustment of the eye is static, the parallel light from the outside cannot just focus on the retina. Ametropia includes myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Myopia is the kind of refractive error that occurs when the eye is still at rest. When the external parallel rays are focused on the retina, it is the highest incidence rate of refractive errors. China is also a major country of myopia, especially the young people. The number of myopia is over 75%. Myopic people, on the one hand, should strengthen outdoor sports, and should eat more eggs, milk, honey and other foods rich in protein, fat, inorganic salts and vitamin nutrients. Protein should be ingested with all essential amino acids, and vitamins include vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin D, etc. these substances have a certain nutritional effect on ocular muscles, retina, sclera and other tissues, and can increase the strength of ciliary muscle and the toughness of sclera. These nutrients have a certain effect on preventing pseudomyopia. Hyperopia} when the eye is adjusted and stationary, and the external parallel light is focused behind the retina, causing blurred vision, it is called hyperopia. For hyperopia patients, jujube can regulate the strength of ciliary body muscle, and the sex temperature of jujube can calm the mind. The combination of jujube, honey, medlar and chrysanthemum can alleviate the symptoms of blurred vision and visual fatigue caused by hyperopia. Patients need to strengthen the supplement of protein and vitamins in their diet. They can eat more foods with high protein such as eggs, milk and animal viscera, as well as foods rich in calcium such as beans, cauliflower and shrimp. Pay attention to eye hygiene, strengthen exercise and enhance physique to slow down the deepening of hyperopia. The diet of presbyopia patients should be avoided: with the growth of age, the lens gradually hardens, the elasticity decreases, and the function of ciliary muscle gradually decreases, resulting in the gradual decline of eye regulation function and the difficulty of reading and other close work, which began at the age of 45 ~ 50. Although presbyopia is a normal aging phenomenon, presbyopia often occurs in advance when there are many physical deficiency diseases and some other ophthalmic diseases, and it is more serious than healthy people. According to the viewpoint of traditional Chinese medicine, presbyopia is related to kidney water loss and insufficient blood essence. The recommended meals are black beans, lean pork, beef, mutton, animal liver, honey, vegetables and nuts. Honey, in particular, can delay aging because it contains a variety of amino acids. Black beans have the function of Tonifying the kidney and nourishing the blood, so they have a certain effect on delaying the occurrence of presbyopia. The diet of cataract and glaucoma patients should be avoided: cataract refers to the change of the transparency or color of the lens and the decline of vision with age. Most of them occur in people over 40 years old. Patients will have decreased vision, easy eye fatigue, and may even have visual object deformation, glare, diplopia and multi vision symptoms. The occurrence of cataract is related to age, ultraviolet radiation and other factors. In addition, in people’s daily diet, malnutrition is also a cause of cataract in advance. It is found that in the turbid lens, the trace elements are unbalanced and the contents of vitamin C and glutathione are reduced. Therefore, patients should often eat kiwi fruit, carambola, apple and other fresh vegetables and fruits with high vitamin C content. In addition, adequate intake of zinc, vitamins A, D, e and riboflavin is also of positive significance for the prevention of cataract. Foods high in zinc include shrimp, peanuts, milk, mutton, etc. foods high in vitamin A, e and riboflavin include egg yolk, soybeans, black sesame, animal liver, etc. Others need to pay attention to drinking less, quitting smoking, eating less sweets, and eating as light as possible. Cataract surgery is the most effective method for the treatment of cataract. The diet of patients after cataract surgery should pay attention to balanced nutritional intake. Pay attention to prevent constipation. You can eat more digestible foods, such as fresh vegetables and fruits, crude fiber, high-quality protein, etc. Eat less spicy food such as pepper, tobacco, wine, coffee and strong tea. Alcohol and warm tonic food should not be drunk before and after operation. Glaucoma Glaucoma is a group of blinding diseases that seriously damage visual function. The occurrence of glaucoma is mostly due to the increase of intraocular pressure caused by excessive aqueous humor or the dysfunction of aqueous circulation, which then forces the retinal optic nerve, resulting in irreversible damage to retinal neurons. The patients showed visual field defect and even blindness in the late stage. Because the increase of intraocular pressure is related to the systemic blood circulation, the effect of reducing intraocular pressure can be achieved by diuresis. Glaucoma patients need to take measures to reduce intraocular pressure. Honey is a hypertonic agent in food, which can reduce part of intraocular pressure. Oral honey water can alleviate the symptoms of elevated intraocular pressure. You can also eat some foods that benefit water and remove dampness, such as winter melon, job’s tears, yam, Euryale ferox, etc. Glaucoma patients should eat regularly and appropriately. It is not suitable to drink more water or a large amount of water at one time. The daily diet such as soybean milk and fruit juice should also be reduced or consumed in small amounts. The diet should be less salt and light. It is not suitable to eat spicy foods such as ginger, garlic, coffee and strong tea. The postoperative diet of glaucoma patients should be vegetarian rather than warm tonic, because it is necessary to prevent premature wound healing in glaucoma surgery to affect the curative effect. Postoperative patients should avoid high protein diet to prevent premature healing of trabecular meshwork incision. The diet of patients with retinal and vitreous diseases should be avoided: age-related macular degeneration. This disease is also known as age-related macular degeneration. Most patients are over 50 years old. They have both eyes successively or at the same time, and progressive damage to vision, which seriously endangers the quality of life of the middle-aged and elderly. It is one of the main causes of blindness of the elderly. Due to the aging population, the number of patients with age-related macular degeneration in China is increasing, which has become one of the key topics of ophthalmic blindness prevention research. Some foreign studies have shown that the risk of age-related macular degeneration is greatly reduced in people whose diet is rich in carotenoids. Further experiments show that this is related to some antioxidative vitamins contained in carotenoids, such as vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E. More studies have shown that eating more vitamins rich in antioxidants can also delay the progress of the disease in patients with age-related macular degeneration. SpinachVegetables are also a good food for age-related macular degeneration. Vitamin A, C and E are abundant in many vegetables and fruits, such as orange, mango, kiwi fruit, grapefruit, dried almond, tomato, pepper, carrot, cabbage, pea and bean sprout. Some experts believe that the amount of these antioxidant vitamins provided by diet is limited. Therefore, some people try to supplement them by eating vitamin tablets. Foreign studies have reported that eating appropriate vitamin tablets can alleviate the course of age-related macular degeneration and improve the corresponding vision. However, other research results show that high-dose vitamin supplementation is not beneficial to patients with age-related macular degeneration. On the contrary, it may produce many side effects. Therefore, it is not recommended to take a large number of vitamin tablets. Now the unified view is that people with a balanced diet with enough fresh vegetables and fruits do not need additional vitamins. However, additional supplements can be considered in the following cases: those with insufficient fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet, those with poor absorption function, and those who need supplements as recommended by the doctor. Ophthalmologists of traditional Chinese medicine have found from clinical practice that senile macular degeneration is mostly related to the weakness of the spleen and kidney in old age. They can eat more, including jujube, longan, yam, Euryale ferox, medlar, pork, mutton, shrimp, etc. some of them actually belong to the same source of Medicine and food. Ophthalmic vascular associated ophthalmopathy is becoming more and more common in modern society. Excessive nutrition and improper nutrition can cause eye diseases. Excessive accumulation of fat and cholesterol can cause retinal arteriosclerosis, retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy and hypertensive retinopathy. For such ophthalmic diseases caused by excessive intake of substances, it is necessary to reasonably adjust the diet and regulate the whole body, so as to be conducive to the improvement of the condition and the recovery of the disease. The treatment principle of traditional Chinese medicine for this kind of disease is to dredge collaterals and remove stasis, replenish qi and activate blood circulation. For patients with retinal artery and vein occlusion, the diet should be light, avoid fat, sweet and spicy food, quit smoking and alcohol. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the serious complications of diabetes. The disease is mainly related to the retinal microvascular system, characterized by microangioma, hemorrhage, exudation and neovascularization. The severity of the disease is related to the course of disease and blood glucose control. In the process of dietotherapy, we should pay attention to the control of blood glucose level, low sugar, low fat, light and less salt, and eat balsam pear, onion, kiwi fruit and other fresh fruits appropriately. Hypertensive retinopathy is a retinopathy caused by hypertension. The degree of retinopathy is related to the patient’s age, course of disease, blood pressure level and so on. The patient’s eyes will gradually or suddenly have blurred vision, accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. It is recommended that patients eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and eat a light diet. Pay attention to a low-fat, low sodium and low sugar diet. It is not suitable to eat animal viscera, but eat some fish appropriately. Vitreous body is the main component of intraocular refractive stroma, which can support the eyeball and pass light. With the growth of age and the influence of other factors, hyaluronic acid in the glass will gradually dissolve. Patients with liquefaction and turbidity will find floating objects in front of their eyes, such as dots, flies, rings, etc. Traditional Chinese medicine treatment mainly focuses on clearing heat and dampness, nourishing liver and kidney, strengthening spleen and resolving phlegm. In terms of corresponding diet, it is advisable to eat more foods rich in calcium and iodine, such as kelp, laver and other deep-sea products. Kelp has the functions of resolving phlegm and dispersing knot, and can improve vitreous opacity to a certain extent. For the turbidity caused by vitreous blood, eating food rich in iodine is also conducive to promoting the absorption of vitreous blood and the recovery of the disease. Vitrectomy should be performed for a variety of diseases in the eye. For such patients, they should eat light and digestible food, eat more vegetables and fruits, keep the stool unobstructed, and eat less spicy dairy products and beans that are easy to cause abdominal distention. Primary retinitis pigmentosa is a group of progressive dystrophic retinal degenerative diseases. Clinically, it is characterized by the changes of fundus retinal pigment epithelium and retinal nerve tissue and abnormal electroretinogram. Patients will have night blindness, decreased vision and progressive visual field defect. At present, it is considered that the pathogenesis of the disease is caused by the degeneration of retinal pigment epithelial cells and photoreceptor cells, and their degeneration may be related to the development defect of retinal pigment epithelial enzyme system. In addition, the deficiency of copper, zinc and taurine is also considered to be involved in the process of the disease. This disease is difficult to treat in ophthalmology. Diet may help to delay the course of the disease. Patients can eat more animal liver, lean pork, fish and other high protein foods. Because vitamin A and protein can be combined into rhodopsin, which is an important material for retinal rod cells to receive weak light information, you can eat more foods rich in vitamin A. Diet should be as light and nutritious as possible. Drink less tea. When the content of catecholamines in the body increases, choroidal blood vessels contract and retinal cells are in a hypoxic state, which aggravates the disease. In short, a reasonable and balanced diet and healthy living habits are of great significance to the rehabilitation of patients with eye diseases and the improvement of vision. Generally speaking, patients with eye diseases are suitable for cooked, soft and digestible food. They should avoid tobacco, wine, fried, roasted and spicy food. They should also pay attention to the quality, quantity, speed and eating time of diet. However, due to the difference of the situation, patients with different eye diseases have different requirements for diet. Patients should pay attention to diet and avoid it. If they cooperate with the treatment well, they can recover the disease as soon as possible.