Abstract: most myopia belongs to axial myopia, that is, the axis of the eye is elongated beyond the normal range. Generally speaking, the higher the degree of myopia, the longer the length of the ocular axis, and the greater the possibility of fundus lesions. Therefore, people with high myopia are more likely to have fundus lesions.
is simply understood. Those whose myopia diopter is greater than 600 degrees are called high myopia. However, many patients have both myopia and astigmatism. If the degree of astigmatism is also taken into account, the equivalent spherical mirror is greater than 800 degrees, which is also considered to be high myopia.
are the main threats to high myopia!
most myopia belongs to axial myopia, that is, the axis of the eye is elongated beyond the normal range. Generally speaking, the higher the degree of myopia, the longer the length of the ocular axis, and the greater the possibility of fundus lesions. Therefore, people with high myopia are more likely to have fundus lesions.
with the extension of the ocular axis, the retina is stretched and thinned, which may produce pathological manifestations such as “posterior scleral staphyloma”, “vitreous liquefaction”, “posterior vitreous detachment”, “myopic maculopathy”. There may even be retinal holes, retinal detachment and other diseases that seriously damage vision.
strongly suggest that myopia patients go to the hospital to check the fundus every six months to one year to observe whether pathological myopia changes have occurred, so as to treat them as soon as possible.
thinking 1: high myopia can’t exercise?
fake! People with high myopia just need to choose sports, not absolute. They can’t do any sports.
if they are simple high myopia, most sports can be carried out. They only need to avoid some sports that have a severe impact on the eyes and head, such as boxing, diving, bungee jumping, etc. there is no problem with conventional sports. If it has developed into pathological high myopia, it is best to avoid competitive sports such as football and basketball, in addition to strong impact sports such as diving and bungee jumping. However, gentle exercises such as fast walking and jogging can be carried out as usual.
thinking 2: will high myopia inherit children?
fake! Myopia is not entirely a genetic disease. It is regulated and affected by multiple genes. For people with high myopia, the degree of genetic factors will be greater than that of people without high myopia. However, in addition to genetic factors, the etiology of myopia is largely affected by postnatal factors. Protecting your eyes is the king.
the next generation of high myopia is not necessarily high myopia, and non myopia parents may also have myopic children. Don’t miss true love because of a pair of glasses!
thinking 3: high myopia can’t give birth naturally?
fake! There is no clear research evidence to prove this view. Some people believe that the risk of retinal detachment may be increased due to the need for pregnant women to hold their breath for a long time during spontaneous labor. However, from the perspective of evidence-based medicine, the ocular complications caused by spontaneous labor of highly myopic pregnant women are not significantly increased compared with non highly myopic pregnant women. The most reliable method of
is to conduct fundus examination regularly, and judge whether it is natural delivery or cesarean section through the examination results. After all, it’s better to “take precautions before they happen” than to “make up for it after it’s too late”.
Xiaoyu said: friends who have not developed high myopia must take good care of their eyes to prevent myopia from deepening. Babies who have developed high myopia don’t have to panic, but they can’t be despised. They can still live a normal and happy life with scientific eye care and regular examination.