Here comes the big data of students’ myopia, with a complete introduction to protecting their eyesight

Abstract: we should explore the establishment of refractive development files of children and adolescents, carry out refractive screening for children and adolescents, screen abnormal or suspicious eye diseases such as ametropia at an early stage, find the tendency or trend of myopia at an early stage, formulate follow-up intervention measures, and try our best to reduce myopia, especially high myopia.

myopia prevention and control, how to do science education? The notice of

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requires that

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should encourage and advocate students to often participate in outdoor activities, actively participate in physical exercise, especially sports activities beneficial to eye muscle exercise such as table tennis and badminton, maintain correct reading and writing posture, reduce short-distance and long-time eye use, reduce the use of electronic video products, and ensure adequate sleep and balanced nutrition.

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establish and improve the eye exercises system, incorporate the time of eye exercises twice a day into the curriculum, and organize students to do eye exercises carefully.

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ensure that students’ daily physical activity time in the school is not less than 1 hour, and urge students to participate in outdoor activities during recess.

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should effectively reduce students’ schoolwork burden, do not arbitrarily increase teaching hours, do not occupy holidays, weekends and winter and summer vacation time, organize students to attend classes, and make overall arrangements for students’ homework time.

myopia prevention and control, how to do early detection?

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in order to achieve early detection, the notice requires:

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kindergartens should regularly check the eyesight of children. If children with abnormal eyesight are found, they should timely inform their parents to go to the medical institution for further diagnosis and treatment; All primary and secondary schools shall establish a regular vision monitoring system to check their eyesight regularly.

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carry out graded management for students with declining vision and mild myopia, and implement relevant measures targeted.

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should explore the establishment of refractive development files for children and adolescents, carry out refractive screening for children and adolescents, screen out abnormal or suspicious eye diseases such as ametropia in the early stage, find out the tendency or trend of myopia in the early stage, formulate follow-up intervention measures, and try our best to reduce myopia, especially high myopia.

a survey by the Key Laboratory of myopia of the Ministry of health shows that the wrong pen holding posture is more likely to lead to myopia in children than sitting posture.

according to analysis, when a child maintains a standard sitting posture, if the thumb holding the pen and the index finger are pinched or crossed, the fingers will block his line of sight, make him unable to see the tip of the pen clearly, and be forced to lower his head or tilt his head to the left, so as to shorten the distance between eyes and books, increase the incidence of myopia and accelerate the development of myopia. On the contrary, if the thumb and index finger do not touch, it will not only make more scientific efforts in writing, but also not block the eyes, so as to ensure the scientific use of children’s eyes.

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start from kindergarten education, we should constantly correct students’ wrong pen holding posture and control the increasing number of myopia teenagers from the source.