Abstract: regular optometry must be performed after a comprehensive ophthalmic examination in the hospital: appropriate glasses should be worn to exercise the ciliary muscle, so as to avoid the atrophy of the ciliary muscle, especially the annular part, and finally lose the regulation function without regulatory stimulation.
in recent years, with the popularity of electronic products, there are more and more high myopia with myopia above 600 degrees. However, a large number of people do not have enough awareness and vigilance for high myopia, let alone what harm it will bring. The following small series will simply tell you what to pay attention to in daily life for high myopia.
high myopia may lead to a variety of complications.
high myopia refers to myopia above 600 degrees, which is usually accompanied by degenerative diseases such as eye axis elongation, fundus retina and choroid atrophy.
high myopia can cause many serious complications, most of which will cause blindness. It is one of the common causes of blindness in adults and ranks sixth in blinding diseases in China.
show myopia in preschool children, the degree of myopia increases gradually, and the retinochoroidopathy of fundus increases year by year, resulting in many serious complications.
high myopia needs to pay attention to the following 6 points
1. Regular optometry must be performed after comprehensive ophthalmic examination in the hospital.
need to wear appropriate glasses to exercise the ciliary muscle, so as to avoid the atrophy of the ciliary muscle, especially the annular part, and finally lose the regulation function without regulatory stimulation.
2. Avoid violent and impact head movement.
such as football, basketball, diving, weightlifting, etc. to prevent retinal detachment.
3. Eat less spicy food and avoid smoking and alcohol. When treating other diseases with
, vasodilators should be used with caution to prevent repeated bleeding in the macula of the fundus.
4. Choose your career carefully.
should avoid heavy physical labor and work with too many eyes at close range. They can choose the occupation of indoor work, and the unit should also take care of them according to the situation.
5. Go to the hospital for ophthalmic examination regularly.
pay special attention to the axial length of the eyeball, vitreous opacity, macular fundus, dry holes around the retina and retinal detachment; In case of sudden vision loss, dark shadow floating in front of you and other symptoms, you should go to the hospital immediately.
6. Be careful in choosing refractive surgery.
laser correction surgery is to achieve the correction effect by cutting the cornea and adjusting the refraction. For patients with high myopia, their cornea is much thinner than that of normal people, so it is not suitable for laser correction.