High myopia has become one of the main causes of blindness in middle-aged people

Abstract: at present, high myopia tends to be younger and the number continues to grow. The latest survey shows that the age of myopia decreases by one year every five years!!! Therefore, the screening, prevention and treatment of myopia are very important. We must protect the window of our hearts and the next generation., High myopia has become the first major cause of blindness among people aged 45-59, Recent research data show that: complications caused by high myopia (degree more than 600 degrees) (for example, macular degeneration, etc.) has become the first major cause of blindness in the working age group aged 45-59 in China. At present, myopia accounts for more than 50% of the total population in China, of which more than 5% are high myopia patients. What is more worrying is that the number of high myopia patients continues to increase. It is expected that the proportion of high myopia will exceed 10% by 2050 At present, high myopia tends to be younger and the number continues to grow. The latest survey shows that the age of myopia decreases by one year every five years!!! Therefore, the screening, prevention and treatment of myopia are very important. We must protect the window of our hearts and the next generation.,   1. Strengthen the popularization of eye care knowledge, promote and cultivate good eye habits and eye care knowledge. Starting from the school, we also need to start the education of parents and popularize the knowledge of eye care to the public.,   2. Actively deal with the screening of young children at the developmental stage, find high myopia (degree more than 400 degrees), and reduce the risk of high myopia. 3. Encourage and support people with high myopia to receive a detailed eye examination to confirm whether they have myopia related complications. If found, deal with them as soon as possible.

High myopia has become the first major cause of blindness in people aged 45-59.

recent research data show that complications (such as macular degeneration) caused by high myopia (degree more than 600 degrees) have become the first major cause of blindness in the working age group aged 45-59 in China.

At present, the proportion of myopic patients in China’s total population has exceeded 50%, of which more than 5% are highly myopic patients. The more worrying thing about

and

is that the number of patients with high myopia continues to increase. It is expected that the proportion of people with high myopia will exceed 10% by 2050.

high myopia tends to be younger and the number continues to grow. The latest survey shows that the age of myopia decreases by one year every five years!!! Therefore, the screening, prevention and treatment of myopia are very important. We must protect the window of our hearts and the next generation.

  1. Strengthen the popularization of eye care knowledge, promote and cultivate good eye habits and eye care knowledge. Starting from school, we also need to start parents’ education and popularize eye care knowledge to the public.

  2. Actively deal with adolescents and children in the development stage. Screening found high myopia (degree more than 400 degrees) to reduce the risk of high myopia.

3. Encourage and support people with high myopia to receive a detailed eye examination to confirm whether they have myopia related complications. If found, deal with it as soon as possible.

  4. Establish a national unified optometry database, take schools as units, collect clinical data of children and adolescents with high myopia, and follow up regularly to obtain more detailed clinical data.

  5. We will increase investment in basic research on the prevention and treatment of myopia and improve the construction of gene database for high myopia.

1 the main cause of visual impairment in high myopia

high myopia will have axial growth, in which sclera will grow, but choroid and retina are difficult to grow accordingly. This situation will cause retinal stretching, degeneration, atrophy and retinal splitting.

however, the reason that really affects the best corrected vision of patients with high myopia is the degree of macular damage. High myopia will cause choroidal neovascularization, resulting in macular hemorrhage. This pathological change is the main cause of vision damage in patients with high myopia.

2 long-term complications of high myopia

in addition to retinopathy, high myopia will also increase glaucoma and cataract, especially the risk of retinal detachment. The incidence of retinal detachment in patients with high myopia is 2 ~ 3 times higher than that in ordinary myopia or normal people.

3 experience in the treatment of high myopia

the diagnostic standard of high myopia is usually – 6.0d. Recently, the World Health Organization held an expert consensus meeting, and the new standard of high myopia is equivalent to 5.0d.

high myopia has undergone organic changes, which is difficult to treat. In this case, prevention is more important.

in the long term, the most important thing is to prevent macular hemorrhage. If macular hemorrhage is found in time, The use of anti vascular endothelial growth factor drugs can control choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and reduce macular hemorrhage. Different from age-related macular degeneration, high myopia can control choroidal neovascularization only by injecting anti vascular endothelial growth factor once or twice.

high myopia is the most important prevention!

When it comes to vision prevention, it’s actually a little late in middle age. Middle-aged eyes will have some small problems, so we need to protect them when we are young. If there are children at home, we should pay more attention. Childhood is the best time for vision development. Shuangyan adheres to the vision protection of children and adolescents for many years to prevent myopia Amblyopia treatment and prevention and control has its own unique intervention plan to escort children’s visual development.