High myopia has become the first major cause of blindness in people aged 45-59

Abstract: at present, high myopia tends to be younger and the number continues to grow. Experts hope to further strengthen the screening, prevention and treatment of myopia and protect the soul window of us and the next generation., I don’t know when, more and more people wear glasses around. In our country, one in three people suffers from myopia. People from all walks of life still lack basic understanding and response measures to the seriousness of visual health problems., Recent research data show that: complications caused by high myopia (degree more than 600 degrees) (such as macular degeneration, etc.) has become the first major cause of blindness in the working age group aged 45-59 in China. At present, myopia accounts for more than 50% of the total population in China, of which more than 5% are high myopia patients. What is more worrying is that the number of high myopia patients continues to increase. It is expected that the proportion of high myopia will exceed 10% by 2050 。, At present, high myopia tends to be younger and the number continues to grow. Experts hope to further strengthen the screening, prevention and treatment of myopia and protect the soul window of us and the next generation.,   1. Strengthen the popularization of eye care knowledge, promote and cultivate good eye habits and eye care knowledge. Starting from the school, we should also start the education of parents and popularize the knowledge of eye care to the public.,   2. Actively deal with the screening of adolescents and children at the developmental stage. High myopia (degree more than 400 degrees) is found to reduce the risk of high myopia.,

I don’t know when, more and more people wear glasses around. In our country, one in three people suffers from myopia. People from all walks of life still lack basic understanding and Countermeasures to the seriousness of visual health problems. Recent research data of

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show that complications (such as macular degeneration) caused by high myopia (degree exceeding 600 degrees) have become the first main cause of binocular blindness in the working age group aged 45 ~ 59 in China.

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now the proportion of myopia patients in China has exceeded 50%, of which more than 5% are high myopia patients.

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What is more worrying is that the number of patients with high myopia continues to increase. It is expected that the proportion of people with high myopia will exceed 10% by 2050.

high myopia tends to be younger and the number continues to grow. Experts hope to further strengthen the work in the screening, prevention and treatment of myopia and protect the soul window of us and the next generation.

  1. Strengthen the popularization of eye care knowledge, promote and cultivate good eye habits and eye care knowledge. Starting from the school, we should also start the education of parents and popularize the knowledge of eye care to the public.

  2. Actively deal with adolescents and children in the development stage. Screening found high myopia (degree more than 400 degrees) to reduce the risk of high myopia.

3. Encourage and support people with high myopia to receive a detailed eye examination to confirm whether they have myopia related complications. If found, deal with it as soon as possible.

  4. Establish a national database, take schools as units, collect clinical data of children and adolescents with high myopia, and follow up regularly to obtain more detailed clinical data.

  5. We will increase investment in basic research on myopia prevention and treatment, improve the gene database of high myopia, achieve more effective prevention and treatment effects and develop new prevention and treatment methods by improving the scientific and technological level.

high myopia is the main cause of visual impairment.

high myopia will have axial growth, in which sclera will grow, but choroid and retina are difficult to grow accordingly. This situation will cause retinal stretching, degeneration, atrophy and retinal splitting.

however, the reason that really affects the best corrected vision of patients with high myopia is the degree of macular damage. High myopia will cause choroidal neovascularization, resulting in macular hemorrhage. This pathological change is the main cause of vision damage in patients with high myopia.

long term complications of high myopia

in addition to retinopathy, high myopia will also increase glaucoma and cataract, especially the risk of retinal detachment. The incidence of retinal detachment in patients with high myopia is 2 ~ 3 times higher than that in ordinary myopia or normal people. Treatment experience of

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high myopia the diagnostic standard of

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high myopia is usually -6.00d. Recently, the World Health Organization held an expert consensus meeting, and the new standard of high myopia is equivalent spherical mirror -5.00d.

high myopia has undergone organic changes, which is difficult to treat. In this case, prevention is more important. At present, posterior scleral reinforcement is used to prevent ocular axis extension, but it has many complications, which have been abandoned in many places abroad.

in the long term, the most important thing is to prevent macular hemorrhage. If macular hemorrhage is found in time, The use of anti vascular endothelial growth factor drugs can control choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and reduce macular hemorrhage. High myopia is different from age-related macular degeneration, so it is necessary to inject anti vascular endothelial growth factor once or twice to control choroidal neovascularization.

high myopia is the most important to prevent

The most important thing to prevent high myopia is to reduce the growth rate of ocular axis through visual function training, increase outdoor activities and delay the development of myopia. These are effective methods and ways to prevent the rapid development of high myopia.