Abstract: according to statistics, many people with high myopia will develop glaucoma, and glaucoma is the second blinding eye disease at present, which is characterized by high intraocular pressure, progressive decline of vision and narrowing of visual field. What complications can
high myopia cause? At present, with the popularity of computers, TV and mobile phones, more and more young people are suffering from myopia, and the population with high myopia is also increasing. Many people do not pay attention to myopia, so what complications will be caused by ignoring high myopia?
high myopia refers to a kind of ametropia with myopia degree greater than 600 degrees, often accompanied by degenerative diseases such as eye axis elongation, fundus retina and choroid atrophy. It is a kind of pathological myopia with many complications. It is one of the common blinding eye diseases. There are mainly five kinds of complications:
flying mosquito disease
is called vitreous opacity in medicine. It shows that there are dark shadows floating in front of people when they see things, just like mosquitoes flying, which is mainly caused by vitreous liquefaction. It is suggested that myopic patients with flying mosquito disease should regularly check the fundus and pay attention to the health of the retina.
mainly shows sudden blurred vision, deformation and dark shadow occlusion, which can lead to blindness in severe cases. Once the retina is detached, surgery is needed immediately to avoid further deterioration of vision.
retinal and choroidal atrophy
eyeball dilation, causing posterior scleral staphyloma, thinning and atrophy of retina. When the atrophy involves the macula, macular hemorrhage and holes can appear, the visual acuity is seriously reduced, and there is a central fixed dark spot.
according to statistics, many people with high myopia will develop glaucoma, and glaucoma is the second blinding eye disease at present, which is characterized by high intraocular pressure, progressive decline of vision and narrowing of visual field.
high myopia is easy to be complicated with cataract. People with high myopia will have cataract early, and the effect of cataract surgery is worse than those without a history of high myopia.
high myopia patients should go to the hospital for examination as soon as possible once they suddenly have vision loss, visual object deformation, black shadow fluttering in front of them, flash feeling in front of them, or consciously have fixed black shadow covering in front of them, which is likely to be the precursor of diseases such as retinal detachment or macular hemorrhage. At the same time, patients with high myopia should avoid strenuous exercise, otherwise it will increase the risk of retinal detachment and other diseases.