High myopia is not terrible, the terrible thing is complications

Abstract: This is a complication that can cause complete loss of vision. Due to the poor visual acuity of the people with high myopia, it is difficult to find the early stage of net detachment and often delay the wrong treatment. In addition, once this kind of eye disease occurs, it often occurs successively in both eyes within a few years, resulting in blindness.

generally speaking, we call ametropia with myopia greater than 600 degrees as high myopia. High myopia itself is not terrible, its harm mainly lies in complications. So, what are the common complications of high myopia?

1. Retinal detachment

is a complication that can cause complete loss of vision. Due to the poor visual acuity of the people with high myopia, it is difficult to find the early stage of net detachment and often delay the wrong treatment. In addition, once this kind of eye disease occurs, it often occurs successively in both eyes within a few years, resulting in blindness. Therefore, great attention should be paid to regular and comprehensive eye examination, so as to find the early changes such as lattice degeneration and abnormal vitreous adhesion as soon as possible.

2. Vitreous liquefaction and posterior detachment

often show dark shadows in front of eyes. When the dark shadow increases or there is a sudden sense of flash, the fundus should be checked in time in order to find holes, retinal detachment or fundus hemorrhage at an early stage.

3. Open angle glaucoma

this is an irreversible eye disease with slow progressive vision loss. Because the changes of high myopia are large optic disc, light color, thin blood vessels and poor vision, the existence of glaucoma is often ignored. Such patients should regularly take intraocular pressure measurement, visual field examination, etc., and take anti glaucoma drugs.

4. Macular degeneration

high myopia has a long ocular axis and a “scleral staphyloma” at the posterior pole of the eyeball, which thins the tissue of each layer of the ball wall, neovascularization, hemorrhage, macular cyst or hole in the macular area, serious structural disorder and seriously affects the central vision.