High myopia is really inherited! The doctor told you how to deal with it

Abstract: myopia develops most rapidly in adolescence. Parents should pay attention to their children’s visual development. If the child’s degree increases by more than 100 degrees every year, he should be vigilant against high myopia. It’s not a simple matter to refit a pair of glasses, but to go to the hospital for a comprehensive examination.

1. What kind of myopia is hereditary?

there are two common types of myopia, one is simple myopia, the other is high myopia.

simple myopia, also known as ordinary myopia, refers to low and moderate myopia below 600 degrees, which is very common. It is generally physiological. At present, there is no obvious evidence that ordinary myopia can be inherited.

high myopia refers to myopia with high diopter (> 600), significantly prolonged ocular axis and atrophy and degeneration of fundus. It is divided into pathological and physiological high myopia, which is hereditary.

if both couples are high myopia, their children usually suffer from disease;

One is highly myopic, the other is normal, and 10% – 15% of their children are ill; One of

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is high myopia, and the other is a myopia gene carrier with normal phenotype. The incidence of high myopia in their children is 50%; If both

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are myopia gene carriers, but their eyesight is normal, the incidence of high myopia in their children is 25%.

2. How to reduce the genetic possibility of pregnant women with high myopia?

expectant mothers can minimize the impact of genetics on their babies through various methods:

A. early injection of rubella vaccine – rubella virus infection in early pregnancy is likely to directly affect the development of fetal eyes and lead to congenital cataract.

B. bask in the sun – proper outdoor exercise is conducive to the absorption of calcium and the development of fetal visual cells and cornea.

C. pay attention to adequate intake of vitamins, store them in the development of baby’s eyes, and prevent cataract.

D. pregnant mothers should carefully use eye drops and ointment to prevent fetal malformations.

3. How to prevent baby myopia? There are many reasons for

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myopia: parents’ inheritance; Low birth weight and preterm infants; Bad eye habits can lead to myopia. We can start from the following aspects:

children’s degrees increase rapidly every year, so we must carefully check their eyes.

A. regular examination – adolescence is the period when myopia develops most rapidly. Parents should pay attention to their children’s visual development. If the child’s degree increases by more than 100 degrees every year, he should be vigilant against high myopia. It’s not a simple matter to refit a pair of glasses, but to go to the hospital for a comprehensive examination. If it is found that the ocular axis becomes longer and has the tendency of high myopia, intervene in time to control the development of myopia.

B. diet adjustment – if the baby has genetic myopia, it can be adjusted and relieved through diet: avoid picky and anorexia; Reduce the intake of sweets; At the same time, eat more foods rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, C and E.

C. scientific eye – the ratio of light transmission area of window to room area shall not be less than 1:6;; Reduce children’s time watching TV, mobile phone and computer; The baby’s game mode is mainly outdoor activities; Pay attention to the baby’s eye hygiene and eye habits, and form a good writing and reading posture. The degrees of

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soar every year. Be sure to check your eyes.

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for high myopia, the key must be to find and intervene as soon as possible. If high myopia is prevented / controlled in the initial stage, many complications will not occur and the visual quality can be guaranteed. Once the degree of

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develops too deep and complications occur, the treatment will be limited.