High myopia may bring a series of unexpected hidden dangers

Abstract: macula is a strange term for many people. Some people even regard it as a spot growing in their eyes. In fact, the macula is located in the center of the retina at the fundus of the eye. It is responsible for people’s central vision and is the most sensitive part of vision.

high myopia, do not forget that the annual

myopia degree above 600 degrees (monocular or binocular) and axial length of the eye is more than 26 millimeters per year. It is called high myopia. Data show that the incidence rate of high myopia is about 2% in China. The number of patients in the city is much higher than that in rural areas, and women are more than men.

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High myopia, also known as pathological myopia, not only brings vision problems, but also may lead to extensive degeneration of intraocular tissues. Such people need to pay more attention to taking care of their eyes and have regular eye examinations than ordinary people.

high myopia is the most common cause of retinopathy. With age, the incidence rate will be higher and higher. It will peak at fifty or sixty years old. The retina is like a photosensitive film in a camera, which is responsible for photosensitive imaging. When we look at something, the image of the object falls on the retina through the refractive system. Experts remind that patients with high myopia must have an ophthalmic examination every year to dilate their pupils to check the fundus and whether there are abnormalities.

look at things and be careful of macular lesions

macula is a strange term for many people, and some people even regard it as a macula growing in their eyes. In fact, the macula is located in the center of the retina at the fundus of the eye. It is responsible for people’s central vision and is the most sensitive part of vision. Once there is a problem with the macula, people’s central vision will be affected. With the progress of the disease, it will eventually lead to blindness.

in dozens of types of macular lesions, macular degeneration caused by high myopia is one of the main causes of blindness.

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in addition to the obvious decline of vision in the short term, there is a way to find out whether there are lesions in your macula in time: put a black-and-white square table 30 cm in front of your eyes, and use your left and right eyes to see whether the lines in the table are distorted and deformed and whether there are fixed shadows. If yes, it means that there is a problem with the macula and you should go to the eye department as soon as possible. Another easier way is to observe the door frame. If you think the door frame is not straight, but distorted or deformed, you should be alert to macular degeneration. Macular lesions caused by high myopia mainly include macular atrophy, macular splitting, macular hole, anterior membrane and submacular hemorrhage.

experts pointed out that lutein supplementation can prevent some senile macular degeneration to a certain extent, but this method has no obvious effect on macular degeneration caused by high myopia.