High myopia taboo!

Abstract: the etiology, pathogenesis, treatment and prevention of high myopia are different from general myopia. In China, high myopia is autosomal recessive. The manifestations are myopia in preschool children, the degree of myopia increases gradually, and the fundus retinochoroidopathy worsens year by year, resulting in many serious complications.

high myopia refers to ametropia with myopia greater than 600 degrees, accompanied by degenerative a lesions such as eye axis elongation, fundus retina and choroid atrophy. The etiology, pathogenesis, treatment and prevention of

and

high myopia are different from those of general myopia. In China, high myopia is autosomal recessive. The manifestations are myopia in preschool children, the degree of myopia increases gradually, and the fundus retinochoroidopathy worsens year by year, resulting in many serious complications.

high myopia needs to pay attention to the following points:

must undergo a comprehensive ophthalmic examination in the hospital before formal optometry and wear appropriate glasses. Before the age of 45, you should wear full glasses to exercise the ciliary muscle, so as to avoid the atrophy of the ciliary muscle, especially the annular part, and finally lose the regulation function without regulatory stimulation.

choose refractive surgery carefully. Eye surgery is not trivial, we must choose a reliable institution; If the situation permits, those who can operate should carefully choose the operation method, and intraocular lens implantation can be considered.

avoid violent and impact head movements. Such as football, basketball, diving, weightlifting, emergency braking, etc. to prevent retinal detachment.

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should eat less spicy food and avoid tobacco and alcohol. When treating other diseases, vasodilators should be used with caution to prevent repeated bleeding in the macula of the fundus.

choose your career carefully. Heavy physical labor and work with too many eyes at close range shall be avoided. The occupation of indoor work can be selected, and the unit shall also take care of it according to the situation.

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should go to the hospital for ophthalmic examination regularly. Pay special attention to the axial length of the eyeball, vitreous opacity, fundus macula, dry holes around the retina and retinal detachment; In case of sudden vision loss, dark shadow floating in front of you and other symptoms, you should go to the hospital immediately.