How does eye myopia do? How to treat

Abstract: from the current medical development, there is no drug that can clearly treat true myopia or prevent the development of myopia. For pseudomyopia, some ciliary muscle relaxants can be used to relax the spasmodic ciliary muscle, so as to promote the recovery of vision.

I. treatment of

and

with 0k lens simply put, OK lens is a special semi-rigid corneal contact lens, which improves vision through corneal reshaping. However, this method only changes the time of wearing glasses in disguise, not for the treatment of myopia. At present, it is only a clinical trial in the experimental stage, and there are many complications, which must be carried out under the guidance of experienced doctors.

2. Surgical treatment

surgical treatment of myopia is the only effective method to correct myopia (remove glasses) at present. From the current medical development, quasi laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most safe and effective. However, this operation is generally only applicable to myopia patients over the age of 18 and with stable degree in recent two years.

III. glasses treatment

includes frame glasses and corneal contact lenses (contact lenses). Frame glasses are the oldest, safe and effective method to correct myopia. Although corneal contact lenses have their own advantages, their lens cleaning and eye care are cumbersome. Therefore, it is not the best choice for adolescent myopia students with heavy learning tasks and poor self-life ability.

IV. drug treatment

from the current medical development, there is no drug that can clearly treat true myopia or prevent the development of myopia. For pseudomyopia, some ciliary muscle relaxants can be used to relax the spasmodic ciliary muscle, so as to promote the recovery of vision. However, it should be noted that pseudomyopia is not true myopia. Proper use of eyes and rest can restore normal vision.

disease prevention: including the prevention of the development of high myopia and the prevention of myopia complications

(1) the development method of preventing high myopia: the continuous close eye use time should not be too long. Actively participate in outdoor activities. Reasonable adjustment – set training. At ordinary times, we should ensure adequate sleep, combination of work and rest, balanced diet, reasonable nutrition, etc. Special attention shall be paid to the rational use of eyes, and appropriate work shall be selected to avoid excessive use of eyes and adverse visual stimulation. Measures that may reduce or terminate the development of myopia, including glasses (bifocal lens, high oxygen permeable rigid contact lens), drugs, surgery, etc.

(2) the main cause of blindness caused by high myopia is complications, such as retinopathy, glaucoma, amblyopia and so on. In addition to paying attention to the changes of visual acuity, we should also pay attention to any other abnormal phenomena in the early stage of the eye, such as flash sensation, flying mosquito disease, visual field defect, progressive or sudden decline of visual acuity, eye acid swelling, pain and night blindness. Perform other special eye examinations if necessary.