How does ophthalmologist make his child not myopia?

Abstract: the reason why the myopia rate of children in first tier cities is very high is that compared with children living in rural areas, the time of outdoor activities is much shorter. Experiments have proved that outdoor exercise time of no less than 20 hours a week is helpful to prevent and control myopia., Incidence rate of incidence rate of myopia in Liwan District, Guangzhou, was 78.4% in 2004. What’s more, Professor He Mingguang, a Ophthalmological Center of Zhongshan University, conducted a survey in Liwan District, Guangzhou, and found that the incidence of myopia is around 78.4% for young people aged 15 years. Another survey shows that in Lechang, Lechang, a remote Lechang Town, the incidence of myopia is 10%. It leads to such a big difference in the rate of myopia between children in cities and mountains?!, Liu Wenyan, director of the optometry Department of the optometry center of the ophthalmic hospital affiliated to Sun Yat sen University, believes that parents may be responsible for the high rate of myopia among children in cities. One of the most common scenes is: when adults go out to dinner and children are noisy, parents often give him a mobile phone or iPad immediately and let him play by himself. In fact, this practice is the culprit of hurting their children’s eyes., Parents should not be the ones who hurt their children’s eyesight., As a parent, director Liu Wenyan has his own set of vision management for his children. How can children’s eyes escape the “magic claw” of myopia? Let’s listen to his three best tips.

, Ophthalmological Center of Zhongshan University, in 2004, Professor He Mingguang conducted a survey in Liwan District, Guangzhou, and found that the incidence rate of myopia is around 78.4%

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in a survey of

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in the city of Liwan District. Another survey shows that in Lechang, Lechang, a remote area, Lechang is located in Lechang. The same age is 15 years old, the

myopia incidence rate is even less than 10%

what is the reason, resulting in the city and mountain children’s myopia rate is so big difference?

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Liu Wenyan, director of the optometry Department of the optometry center of the ophthalmic hospital affiliated to Sun Yat sen University, believes that the high rate of myopia among children in cities is probably to blame for their parents. One of the most common scenes is: when adults go out to dinner and children are noisy, parents often give him a mobile phone or iPad immediately and let him play by himself. In fact, this practice is the culprit of hurting their children’s eyes.

parents should not be the one who hurts their children’s eyesight.

as a parent, director Liu Wenyan has his own way of managing his children’s eyesight. How can children’s eyes escape the “claw” of myopia? Let’s listen to his three tricks ~

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to control the damage of electronic products to the eyes: mobile phone > Computer > TV

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at home, director Liu Wenyan has strict control over the use of electronic products by children, so that children have “sequelae” – retreat from their parents’ mobile phones. When the child entered the fourth and fifth grade, director Liu Wenyan began to let him search for some information on the Internet and use electronic products to assist learning, but the use method is also exquisite.

“the degree of myopia deepening is closely related to the distance between eyes.

” children’s arms are relatively short and they stare at electronic products attentively. However, the degree of myopia deepening is closely related to the distance between eyes. The closer they are, the more damage to their eyes will be doubled. Therefore, I generally let children use computers instead of mobile phones. ”

director Liu Wenyan explained, The relationship between the adjustment force (i.e. diopter) used by the child’s eyes and distance is:

1 / distance (unit / meter) = D (diopter)

. For example, the child’s distance from the mobile phone is about 20cm, the adjustment force used is 5.00d (500 degrees), the distance from the computer is about 50cm, and the adjustment force used is 2.00d (200 degrees), the distance to watch TV is generally more than 3 meters, and only 0.33d adjustment force is used at most, i.e. 33 degrees. Therefore, parents should pay special attention to the damage of electronic products to eyes. Mobile phones > computers > TV.

As an ophthalmologist, the reason why director Liu Wenyan attaches so much importance to myopia is not only that myopia will cause blurred vision, but also that high myopia may affect fundus function. This part of the population is as high as 10% ~ 20% in the population of myopia, and even cause retinal detachment in severe cases.

tips two help children overcome procrastination

some parents may say that children have heavy schoolwork. Even if they don’t play mobile computers, do they always have to do homework? My children do 11 o’clock every night. Can they not be short-sighted?

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in fact, children spend a long time doing homework, not necessarily more homework. It may be that the child’s “procrastination” has been committed!

children should also learn time management when they study.

“my children used to do the same. Their homework can be done late at night from 8:00 p.m. later, I asked him to finish it before 9:30 p.m. and put it away if he couldn’t finish it.” Director Liu Wenyan did this because he knew the child’s psychology well. “Don’t think that the child is sitting there for four or five hours to concentrate on learning. In fact, the child’s concentration time is very short. Parents should use some skills to let the child complete the learning task in a short time and give his eyes enough rest time.”

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sure enough, director Liu’s children were worried about going back to school and being criticized by their teachers. They obediently completed their homework as soon as possible and no longer had to “fight” until midnight. The

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tactics are checked regularly, and the myopia rate of children in the first tier cities of

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is very high because the time of outdoor activities is much shorter than that of children living in rural areas. Experiments have confirmed that outdoor exercise time of no less than 20 hours a week is helpful to the prevention and control of myopia: under dynamic sunlight, the body secretes dopamine, which may slow down the growth of ocular axis, and within the intensity that the eyes can bear, dynamic sunlight can delay the progress of myopia more than indoor light source. So parents might as well encourage their children to get close to nature and be wild outdoors, which is also good for the prevention of myopia.

releases children’s nature and is good for eyes.

at the same time, Liu WenDirector Yan suggested that in the first tier cities, parents pay more attention to their children’s vision, while in the second and third tier cities, especially some small cities, the attention is low. In fact, it is not just the problem of myopia. Enough attention should be paid to the situation of amblyopia caused by congenital high myopia, high hyperopia and astigmatism. 3% ~ 5% of the children in the population have amblyopia, And some of them are monocular amblyopia, which is difficult for ordinary parents to detect. If they are not well intervened and treated as children, it may affect the children’s life.

therefore, regular eye examination and establishment of refractive files are very important. Refractive files can closely track the changes of children’s diopter. The corresponding visual examination can also evaluate the health status and visual function of the whole eye, such as whether there is visual fatigue and dyslexia, how the coordination function of hands and eyes, and whether the color vision function is abnormal, so as to find the potential problems of the eye as soon as possible.