Abstract: Children’s optometry needs mydriasis first, so as to check their real refractive state; In addition, on the basis of routine optometry, medical optometry should also make the measurement of main eye, eye position and adjustment force, binocular adjustment balance test, pupil distance measurement, etc., and give the most appropriate personalized prescription according to these results and specific conditions. The growth of myopia in
children is a common phenomenon at present. In addition to the heavy academic burden, the uncontrolled use of mobile phones, computers and other electronic products has always been in the state of visual fatigue, which is an important reason. The correction of myopia in adolescents and children must be “medical optometry and scientific glasses” in order to be scientific and effective; At the same time, binocular visual function examination should also be carried out for difficult and complex myopia correction.
the first step of optometry outpatient medical diagnosis
there are many factors affecting children’s vision decline. When children have blurred things, parents should take their children to the hospital in time and ask professional pediatric ophthalmologists to make a comprehensive diagnosis to judge whether they are myopia, true myopia or false myopia, and then treat them symptomatically; Avoid missing treatment opportunities due to lack of symptomatic treatment. The second step of
medical optometry + “binocular visual function” examination
children’s optometry glasses need mydriasis first, so as to check their real refractive state; In addition, on the basis of routine optometry, medical optometry should also make the measurement of main eye, eye position and adjustment force, binocular adjustment balance test, pupil distance measurement, etc., and give the most appropriate personalized prescription according to these results and specific conditions.
for optometrists, they not only pay attention to the changes of vision, but also pay more attention to the visual quality and visual state. Because the visual state is to determine whether the patient can better adapt to the eye state after matching. The analysis of eye state must have visual function inspection data. Therefore, visual function examination is an essential step in adolescent optometry.
step 3 myopia control
teenagers with myopia below 600 degrees can consider corneal plastic lens. The development of corneal plastic lens to control myopia is 8 times that of conventional frame glasses. At the same time, the corneal shaping lens only needs to be worn for 8-10 hours when sleeping at night, and the far vision will be significantly improved during the day. It is very convenient to wear and use.
step 4 develop good eye habits
1. Create a good learning environment, such as lighting in classrooms and families, qualified printed materials, table and chair height in line with teenagers’ physiology, etc.
2. Develop good reading and writing habits, maintain standard sight distance when reading and writing, and control the time of watching TV, operating computers and playing game consoles; Standardize the eye distance during operation; Overlook training during learning interval to reduce fatigue.
3. Carry out physical exercise, increase outdoor activities, reasonable diet and nutritional balance.