Abstract: in today’s increasingly fierce social competition, parents want their children to master more skills, so many children began to learn computers and piano during this period. The child’s eyes are still in an imperfect and unstable stage. Using them for a long time and close range will lead to the decline of the child’s vision and the occurrence of myopia.
babies will have longer close-up operation time such as reading and painting than before from the age of 3. It is advisable for babies to develop good eye habits from this stage, sit upright, and keep their eyes about 1 foot away from the book for 20 minutes each time.
if you watch TV, you should choose a TV of appropriate size according to the size of the room; The distance between people and TV should be 5 ~ 7 times beyond the diagonal of TV; The time is about 20 minutes each time.
after the age of 4 or 5, children can often look into the distance and guide them to identify a distant target, which is conducive to the relaxation of eye muscles and the prevention of myopia. Generally, visual acuity examination should be done for the baby every 6 months to 1 year, pay attention to monitoring visual acuity development, and correct abnormalities in time.
children aged 3 ~ 6 have increased activities. Be careful to prevent eye trauma such as puncture injury, burn and foreign body injury. The best treatment period of strabismus is also at this stage. We should strive for early detection and early treatment.
preschool age (3 ~ 6 years old): do not use eyes
for a long time. 1. Do not fatigue your eyes:
this period is a key period for the eyes to make use of structural and functional plasticity within a certain range. In today’s increasingly fierce social competition, parents want their children to master more skills, so many children began to learn computers and piano during this period. The child’s eyes are still in an imperfect and unstable stage. Using them for a long time and close range will lead to the decline of the child’s vision and the occurrence of myopia.
therefore, we must not ignore children’s visual development while teaching children early. Special attention should be paid to limiting children’s short-range operation time, which should not exceed 30 minutes each time. You can often take your child to look into the distance and guide the child to identify a target in the distance, which is conducive to the relaxation of eye muscles and the prevention of myopia.
2. Monitor visual development as soon as possible:
children in this period can quickly master the use of international standard visual acuity chart or logarithmic visual acuity chart to check their visual acuity with the help of adults. They should start monitoring their visual acuity as soon as possible. In particular, the visual acuity of both eyes should be checked separately in order to find abnormal visual acuity of one eye. Because the eye with poor vision often loses the opportunity to use and develops into amblyopia, even through wearing appropriate corrective glasses, the vision is still not normal, which affects children’s visual function, especially stereo vision.
amblyopia can be caused by ametropia (hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism), strabismus, etc. the earlier the treatment, the better the effect. It is generally believed that the best time for treatment is before the age of 6. Therefore, the early detection of amblyopia is particularly important. General visual acuity examination shall be conducted every 3 ~ 6 months, and abnormalities shall be corrected in time. Conditional children can have one mydriatic optometry at this stage in order to effectively predict the development and changes of children’s eye development and refraction.
3. Prevention of infectious eye diseases:
during this period, we should continue to pay attention to all health care contents in early childhood. At the same time, due to the increase of children’s contact with the outside world, the chances of children suffering from infectious eye diseases have increased significantly. For example, the prevalence of trachoma has decreased significantly in the past long time, but it has increased in recent years. It is especially common among children who live a collective life and children who often swim in public swimming pools.
wheat granuloma, commonly known as needle eye, is an acute suppurative inflammation of the eyelid. Some children appear repeatedly. Parents and families should pay attention to the child’s comprehensive nutrition, eat more vegetables and fruits and keep the stool unobstructed. Common conjunctivitis is also more common, which is caused by infection. Therefore, when children are ill, they should also pay attention to isolation in the family. Children should have their own special towels and washbasins. Parents should pay attention to washing hands before and after applying eye medicine to their children, so as not to spread eye diseases in the family. Teach children not to rub their eyes with their hands.
parents want their children to be smart and healthy, so they should not only care about their children’s nutrition and education, but also protect their children’s eyes.
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