How to do eye care for children

Abstract: children should not watch TV for a long time and play with electronic products such as computers and mobile phones. Don’t make their eyes too tired,. A TV of suitable size shall be selected according to the size of the room, and the distance between people and TV shall be 5-7 times beyond the diagonal of TV.

1. Basic eye hygiene education

create a good visual environment and develop good eye habits. Including providing suitable natural or artificial lighting light; Select tables and chairs that can meet the correct and comfortable posture of reading and writing; The reading and writing time should not be too long. If it lasts for 30 minutes, you should rest properly and relax the eye muscles.

and

frequently cut nails, wash hands frequently, wash hands before and after meals, do not rub your eyes, and do not wipe your eyes with dirty cuffs and dirty handkerchiefs to prevent conjunctivitis.

children should not watch TV and play with electronic products such as computers and mobile phones for a long time. Don’t let your eyes get too tired,. A TV of suitable size shall be selected according to the size of the room, and the distance between people and TV shall be 5-7 times beyond the diagonal of TV.

2. Vision screening and monitoring

vision screening and monitoring is conducive to early detection of eye problems, but children’s vision examination needs serious, patience and appropriate communication skills. Generally, children’s graphic visual acuity chart can be used for children aged 3 years, and alphabet or e-word visual acuity chart can be used after the age of 4-5 years. In addition, computer automatic optometry can early find out whether children have astigmatism, hyperopia and other problems. It is generally advocated that when parents find or suspect that children’s eyes are abnormal, they should go to the eye examination in time, no matter how old the child is; When children do not find eye abnormalities, they should go to the ophthalmology department for an ophthalmic physical examination around the age of 4. There is no problem. Parents can rest assured that if there are problems, they should be treated in time.

3. Prevention of common eye diseases

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preschool children have visual fatigue or decreased vision. Refractive examination should be carried out in time to determine their refractive status.

4. Safety and first aid education for ocular trauma

parents need to obtain safety and first aid education for ocular trauma and have established good safety awareness and common sense of first aid treatment of accidental injury, such as scissors, fruit knife Bamboo sticks and other articles that are easy to cause injury should be properly placed (placed out of the reach of children); children are prohibited from playing with knives, guns, scissors, slingshots, firecrackers and other dangerous articles.

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