How to prevent and control myopia? We might as well learn from Germany

Abstract: now many German schools promote eye muscle exercises. They do it once in the morning and afternoon and once again before going to bed at night. Association experts said that excessive fatigue of eye muscles is the main cause of juvenile myopia. Active exercise of eye muscles is not only not easy to myopia, but also helps to improve vision., The increasing burden of schoolwork and the pervasiveness of electronic products have led to the trend of low age and high diopter of Chinese children’s vision to a certain extent. In contrast, in recent years, the myopia rate of German teenagers has been maintained at about 15%. Why can Germany control teenagers’ myopia so well? What can we learn from it?, 01 close vision tracking, Germany has established a youth eye protection association. This is an organization specialized in guiding and managing the vision of teenagers, which was jointly established by the German Federal Education Bureau and the German Federal Health Bureau. The association often goes deep into schools, carries out visual tracking survey on students in kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, regularly checks students’ visual acuity, establishes juvenile visual acuity files, finds those with reduced visual acuity, and timely checks and corrects them. In addition, the youth vision report is launched every year to let all walks of life understand the current situation of myopia among young people in Germany. Schools with excellent eyesight protection will be selected every year., In cooperation with ophthalmic institutions, another major task of the association is to publicize vision protection measures. They cooperate with educational institutions at all levels to set up special departments for the prevention and treatment of myopia. The focus of the Department is to regularly check students’ eyesight and establish a “eyesight file” for each child. If the child’s vision is found to be decreased, it will communicate with the parents in time for correction. The Department also cooperates with hospital ophthalmology and other vision protection agencies., 03 pay attention to daily eye care. According to the suggestions of the association, eye muscle exercises are promoted in many German schools. They are done once in the morning and afternoon and once again before going to bed at night. Association experts said that eye muscle fatigue is the main cause of juvenile myopia. Active exercise of eye muscle is not only not easy to myopia, but also helps to improve vision. Parents should ensure that their children receive sufficient light. When going out, if the outdoor sun is too strong, be sure to wear sunglasses for your children., The increasing burden of

schoolwork and the penetration of electronic products have led to the trend of low age and high diopter of Chinese children’s vision to a certain extent. In contrast, in recent years, the myopia rate of German teenagers has been maintained at about 15%. Why can Germany control teenagers’ myopia so well? What can we learn from it?

01 close vision tracking

a youth eye protection association has been established in Germany. This is an organization specialized in guiding and managing the vision of teenagers, which was jointly established by the German Federal Education Bureau and the German Federal Health Bureau. The association often goes deep into schools, carries out visual tracking survey on students in kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, regularly checks students’ visual acuity, establishes juvenile visual acuity files, finds those with reduced visual acuity, and timely checks and corrects them. In addition, the youth vision report is launched every year to let all walks of life understand the current situation of myopia among young people in Germany. Schools with excellent eyesight protection will be selected every year.

02 cooperate with ophthalmic institutions

another major task of the association is to publicize vision protection measures. They cooperate with educational institutions at all levels to set up special departments for the prevention and treatment of myopia. The focus of the Department is to regularly check students’ eyesight and establish a “eyesight file” for each child. If the child’s vision is found to be decreased, it will communicate with the parents in time for correction. The Department also cooperates with hospital ophthalmology and other vision protection agencies.

03 pay attention to daily eye care

according to the suggestions of the association, eye muscle exercises are promoted in many German schools. They are done once in the morning and afternoon and once again before going to bed at night. Association experts said that eye muscle fatigue is the main cause of juvenile myopia. Active exercise of eye muscle is not only not easy to myopia, but also helps to improve vision. Parents should ensure that their children receive sufficient light. When going out, if the outdoor sun is too strong, be sure to wear sunglasses for your children.

04 advocate outdoor activities

German schools especially advocate outdoor activities, which stipulates that at least two hours of outdoor activities must be guaranteed every day. Many schools also regularly carry out “telescopic” activities. Children stare at the distance in the corridor, in the park, or in the mountains to keep their eyes entertained.

05 correct vision correction concept

relevant persons of the German glasses association said that at present, wearing appropriate glasses is the main method to correct true myopia, but many parents do not want their children to wear glasses, which causes children to squint and see things, but deepens the degree of myopia. Therefore, if children’s myopia is more than 150 degrees, they must consider wearing foot glasses. Physical therapy, massage, eye exercises and other means are mainly aimed at pseudomyopia, and the effect on the treatment of true myopia is not obvious.

06 establish a good visual environment

the German youth eye protection association points out that scientific eye use is an important way to prevent myopia: the high incidence of myopia is from 12 to 18 years old. Due to different education systems, German teenagers do not have heavy learning pressure. On the contrary, they attach great importance to physical exercise and long-distance travel. At the same time, German schools and families pay great attention to creating a good visual environment, such as adequate lighting environment, away from TV and so on.