I didn’t expect myopia to have these complications. I knew early and prevented them!

Abstract: flying mosquito disease: when people look at things, there are dark shadows floating in front of them, just like mosquitoes flying. In medicine, this condition is called vitreous opacity, which is mainly caused by vitreous degeneration.

the history of blood and tears in myopia can’t be told for ten days and ten nights…

I. five complications that may happen to myopia

it’s really hard to take off glasses. It’s mosaic all over the world, but what I’m more afraid of is these complications…

① retinal detachment: commonly known as “net detachment”, The main manifestations are sudden blurred vision, deformation and dark shadow occlusion, which can lead to blindness in severe cases. Once the retina is detached, surgery is needed immediately to avoid further deterioration of vision.

② cataract: the lens becomes turbid, resulting in blindness. For high myopia complicated with cataract, the surgical effect may be worse than that of people without high myopia history.

③ glaucoma: high intraocular pressure, progressive decline of visual acuity and narrowing of visual field. It is the second blinding eye disease in the world.

④ atrophy of retina and choroid: when the atrophy involves the macula, macular hemorrhage and holes can occur, vision is seriously reduced, and there are central fixed dark spots.

⑤ flying mosquito disease: when people look at things, there are dark shadows floating in front of them, just like mosquitoes flying. In medicine, this condition is called vitreous opacity, which is mainly caused by vitreous degeneration. Myopic patients with flying mosquito disease should go to the hospital for examination in time to eliminate fundus lesions.

friends with high myopia should focus on the above five situations, and go to the hospital for examination in time in case of corresponding discomfort.

2. I’m not highly myopic. Don’t worry about it?

of course not. The occurrence of myopia complications also has individual differences and special circumstances. It is suggested that patients with moderate myopia should also pay more attention. How can

and

be regarded as medium and high myopia?

according to the degree of myopia: low myopia: less than 300 degrees; Moderate myopia: 300-600 degrees; High myopia: greater than 600 degrees.

and

here tell you two things: “in the clinical cases of

and

, very few patients with moderate myopia will also have fundus lesions;

and

are affected by some environmental factors and bad habits, which may also lead to the deepening of myopia in a small number of adults, which has evolved into postnatal high myopia and face the risk of complications.

if you are a high-risk group of high myopia, you should pay more attention. How can

and

be regarded as high myopia risk groups?

depends on whether you have any of the following situations:

the degree of each year increases by one or two Baidu or more; The corrected visual acuity of

and

is still not very good (some patients with high myopia can’t reach 1.0 due to the change of eyeball structure); the fundus structure of

and

has lesions, such as macular atrophy and degeneration.

and

III. how can we prevent myopia complications at ordinary times?

and

It is necessary to try to control the deepening of myopia.

and

do these things to prevent

and

from using your eyes too much. Don’t read or play with your mobile phone in dark light. The glasses worn by

and

should be matched accurately, otherwise it will deepen the degree or produce new astigmatism.

avoid strenuous exercise and excessive physical labor. It is recommended not to participate in sports such as running, diving, bungee jumping, boxing, basketball and football to avoid retinal detachment and fundus hemorrhage.

and

control blood pressure and blood glucose to avoid retinopathy caused by other reasons.

and

have an ophthalmic examination every six months. If there are signs of complications, ask a doctor for diagnosis and treatment in time.

remember to keep the examination report of each eye examination, or fix a hospital to ask the same doctor for examination, which will help the doctor make a systematic and continuous comparison of your vision and fundus health.