Abstract: when you find that children often squint, rub their eyes, look very close, blink frequently and look askew, it’s time to make an eye use plan for children, because these are the manifestations of excessive eye use. If you don’t deal with them, you may be really short-sighted.
most children are pseudomyopia in the early stage of myopia. It is a kind of functional myopia caused by improper use of eyes, and the shape of eyes has not changed. Juvenile pseudomyopia can be recovered, but it is easy to “fake it” if some wrong eye methods are not corrected in time.
when you find that children often squint, rub their eyes, look very close, blink frequently and look askew, it’s time to make an eye use plan for children, because these are the manifestations of excessive eye use. If you don’t deal with them, you may be really short-sighted.
pseudomyopia and true myopia also have similarities: from the perspective of vision, pseudomyopia is also blurred hyperopia, and it is very clear to see near. However, there was no corresponding diopter change during optometry; True myopia is a pathological change of fundus, which is difficult to self-regulation and recovery. Moreover, the degree of true myopia is mostly medium and high myopia, which occurs and develops for a long time, and the patient’s eyeball appearance has different degrees of exophthalmos. If you want to distinguish between true myopia and false myopia, children can go to a large hospital for ophthalmic examination. Glasses are not necessary for pseudomyopia; True myopia is an organic change, which requires visual rehabilitation under the guidance of experts.
characteristics of myopia in different age stages
pseudomyopia is the characteristics of myopia in children. The main reasons are heavy study, many near objects, and the ciliary muscles are often in a state of tension. In addition, they are not fully developed, so pseudomyopia is a common feature of the population at this stage. The characteristics of young myopia are more because the eyeballs have changed for various reasons, while middle-aged and elderly myopia is closely related to presbyopia and cataract. How can
1. Correct sitting posture
for children, most of the factors inducing myopia or pseudomyopia are related to incorrect sitting posture. Therefore, we must pay attention to the adjustment of posture in daily life. The quality of the learning environment will also affect the emergence of myopia. A good learning environment should not only be bright and clean, but also pay attention to ensure quiet, so as to help children learn efficiently.
in addition to cultivating children’s correct writing and reading posture, we should also pay attention to the distance and length of reading, watching TV and computer. When watching TV at home, pay attention to the height of the TV should be level with the line of sight, the distance between the eye and the fluorescent screen should not be less than 5 times the diagonal length of the fluorescent screen, and rest after watching TV for 1-1.5 hours.
at the same time, patients with pseudomyopia should also pay attention to one thing, that is, don’t read when lying, taking a car or walking. Learning doesn’t compete for a moment, but their eyes need to be taken care of every minute. Reading while lying down or taking the bus will not only seriously affect the health of vision, but also affect physical health and even cause traffic accidents.
2. Pay attention to rest
after each study and writing for 1-2 hours, you should put down your books and have an appropriate rest, especially pay attention to the rest of your eyes. In addition to closing your eyes for rest, you can also effectively rest your eyes by overlooking the distance. At the same time, overlooking can also adjust and relax your ciliary muscles.
III. food nourishes the eyes
most friends know that vitamin A can protect the eyes and prevent night blindness. But in fact, different tissues and parts of the eyes need different ingredients. Therefore, only by ensuring that children eat enough vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin B, as well as enough calcium, can they meet the needs of the eyes. Therefore, we should pay attention to children’s balanced diet, match the thickness and meat and vegetables, ensure the supplement of trace elements and vitamins, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits and seafood, and eat less candy and sweets.
adolescent myopia prevention
how to prevent adolescent myopia should pay attention to avoid misunderstandings, and it is necessary to understand the treatment matters. Although there are many methods to prevent adolescent myopia, the causes of adolescent myopia are very complex, so it is often impossible to do everything in myopia prevention. For children suspected of myopia, distinguish between true and false myopia and then choose treatment methods, so as to avoid many side effects caused by blind glasses or other correction methods, which is not conducive to the rehabilitation of myopia.