In the face of children’s myopia, what do parents in other countries do?

Abstract: French school canteens pay great attention to the balance of food nutrition, especially the proportion of fruits, vegetables and fish containing fatty acids, which also helps to help students prevent myopia. The school also warned students to wear sunglasses to protect their eyesight in strong light and pay attention to physical exercise to prevent myopia.

myopia has become an “epidemic” in China and Asia. Children suffering from myopia are most anxious than their parents. Now let’s look at what parents in other countries do in the face of children’s myopia?

France: check eyesight from infants

the French newspaper Figaro pointed out that there are two main reasons for myopia: heredity and environment. The newspaper pointed out that the rising proportion of people’s myopia is closely related to the lack of physical exercise and outdoor activities among teenagers. A middle school teacher in District 14 of Paris told reporters that French schools now pay more and more attention to students’ outdoor sports and believe that all kinds of sports activities can effectively prevent myopia. The teacher told reporters that French primary and secondary schools have regular health education courses to let students pay attention to protecting their eyesight. One of the key is to let students check their eyesight at least once a year. If they find myopia, they should immediately match glasses to prevent the degree from deepening.

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the French social security system stipulates that children should start to check their eyesight from an early age, including all kinds of eye abnormalities. This examination is mainly carried out in maternal and child health centers, and the frequency is the first week, the ninth month and the 24th month after birth. Then, basically once a year, in each medical center or hospital. These examinations mainly depend on whether the child has hereditary and congenital vision or eye abnormalities. Once a problem is found, it should be treated and corrected as soon as possible. Then, after the child enters the kindergarten at the age of 3, the school will work with the social security system to prevent myopia. This is mainly reflected in regular visual inspection, paying attention to outdoor sports, paying attention to sufficient light in the classroom, cultivating good reading habits and so on.

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French school canteens pay great attention to the balance of food nutrition, especially the proportion of fruits, vegetables and fish containing fatty acids, which also helps to help students prevent myopia. The school also warned students to wear sunglasses to protect their eyesight in strong light and pay attention to physical exercise to prevent myopia. Facing the increasing proportion of myopia, French schools and relevant institutions are also studying countermeasures. A professor of Paris Medical University told Le Figaro that there was a certain link between the lack of natural light and the increase of myopia. Therefore, many French schools pay more and more attention to the natural light in the classroom and library, as well as creating a bright reading environment.

Japan: children carry eye drops

compared with China, the schoolwork burden of Japanese children is not heavy, but there are more and more “small glasses” in recent years. This has something to do with the fact that many teenagers are addicted to video games and classroom learning is increasingly inseparable from computers.

generally speaking, Japanese schools pay great attention to students’ health. Schools “force” children to leave computers and books by allowing students to have physical education classes and organizing extracurricular sports activities. Primary and secondary school teachers will pay special attention to whether the students’ reading and writing posture is correct. The desks and chairs in many schools in Japan can be adjusted to keep an appropriate distance between children’s eyes and books. Many families also buy special study tables for their children. But unlike China, Japanese schools do not have “eye exercises”, and children’s eye health problems are mainly found through annual physical examination. During the physical examination, once students are found to have myopia, astigmatism and other problems, they will immediately notify their parents and lead their children to the hospital as soon as possible.

the use of eye drops seems to have become a national habit in Japan. There are many kinds of health eye drops in Japan, which can often fill a whole shelf of pharmacies with various functions. For example, some prevent congestion, some prevent eye fatigue and dryness, some add a variety of vitamins, and some use Chinese herbal formulas. On the tram in Japan, we often see middle school girls turn out their bags and then take out eye drops and put them in their eyes. This is not because they have eye diseases, but a kind of health care for their eyes. Children will be exposed to these eye drops since childhood. With the improvement of health awareness after school, it has become a habit to carry them with them.

in addition, many Japanese companies have launched eye protection products. For example, Toray company has launched a contact lens, which can improve vision when you sleep. There are also eye masks that emit steam. This kind of eye mask will be slightly hot after contacting the air. It also has a massage effect. It is very popular with office workers.

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the basic idea of protecting the eyesight of primary and secondary school students in Canada is to reduce students’ learning pressure and reduce students’ eye intensity.

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generally have short class hours in primary and secondary schools in Canada (especially primary schools). The legal class hours in most provinces are 9-11 a.m. and 1-3:30 p.m. every day, The intensity of students’ eye use in class is naturally not great.

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not only have short class hours, but also have little homework pressure in primary and secondary schools in Canada. Junior students basically don’t have homework to take home (public schools don’t even take textbooks home, because textbooks are free and recycled). Senior students’ “family homework” is often “experiential homework” such as writing observation reports, which doesn’t need to look up a lot of data, In this way, homework pressure, another “killer” of primary and secondary school students’ eyesight, will not be able to “abuse pornographic power”.

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ensure students’ outdoor activity time, which is another key to ensure middle school students’ eye hygiene. Across Canada, the education department prohibits procrastination, make-up classes and other behaviors, and most provinces stipulate that the outdoor activities of primary and secondary school students shall not be less than 2 hours a day during school (the outdoor activities of junior students must reach 4.5 hours a day). Objectively speaking, Canada is sparsely populated, labor costs are high, and teachers are “golden for every moment”, so they are unwilling to make up classes, let alone increase teaching time free of charge. All this has virtually greatly reduced the intensity of students’ eye use.

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are also very important for students’ vision care through the health and welfare system. In Canada, at the end of each term of public primary and secondary schools, parents will receive school receiptsThe “love eye letter” sent by Fang elaborated on the importance of eye health care, eye hygiene precautions, and regular visual examination. In Canada, ophthalmology is not part of the medical insurance system. Adults need to pay a lot of money to see Ophthalmology, but minors are the exception. They can receive ophthalmic examination twice a year for free. If doctors think it necessary, treatment and glasses are also free.

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Canada does not have the same “student eye exercises” as China, because the eye care principles publicized by “eye exercises” are based on the traditional Chinese theory of acupoints and meridians, and there is no soil for promotion in Canada. Moreover, in Canada, except for the army, there is no unified arrangement of exercises, and there is no habit of everyone doing workshop exercises at the same time according to the unified password.