Abstract: in recent years, the causes of students’ myopia have become increasingly diversified. With the continuous changes of primary and middle school students’ nutritional status and physical health, the time of using eyes and video homework are increasing, and the factors affecting students’ visual development are also changing. According to statistics, the incidence rate of eye diseases has increased significantly in recent years in China.
has become a serious public health problem. According to the Beijing 2011 Annual Report on health and population health released by the Beijing Municipal Bureau of health in June this year, the detection rate of poor eyesight among primary and secondary school students in Beijing from 2010 to 2011 was 62.99%, an increase of 3 percentage points over that from 2009 to 2010. From 2010 to 2011, the detection rate of poor eyesight among primary school students in Beijing reached 50.4%, 74.3% among junior middle school students and 86.5% among senior high school students.
“I thought it was very useful at that time, but it was useless after a while, and my eyes were tired again.” Wei Yuan, a sixth grade student of Xiaxie Street Primary School, told reporters that the school does eye exercises once a day in the morning and afternoon, as well as weekly check exercises. Now one fifth of the students in the class have put on glasses and found out that they have slight myopia.
refer to the fact that exercise mentioned in the microblog is easy to get eye diseases. Mr. Peng thinks this statement is inappropriate. She pointed out that the new version of eye exercises in Beijing in 2008 adopted by primary and secondary schools has cancelled the “kneading eye points” and “dry washing face” that may cause eye infection, and replaced them with “kneading earlobe eye points and grasping the ground with toes” and “pressing head Du Mai points”. “Children’s eye diseases may be caused by other bad habits, such as rubbing their eyes from time to time.”
experts: eye exercises can alleviate fatigue effectively. Can
eye exercises cure myopia? Ophthalmologists believe that there is no scientific basis for simply treating vision through eye exercises, but we can not deny the eye protection effect of eye exercises in alleviating eye fatigue.
there is no scientific basis to prove that simply relying on eye exercises can treat or correct myopia. The principle of eye exercises is mainly based on traditional acupoint massage of traditional Chinese medicine. It can relieve eye fatigue by pressing and kneading the muscles around the eyes to dredge the Qi and blood of the meridians.
“we usually have this experience. When we are tired from reading or watching the computer, we will feel very relaxed and relieve our fatigue.” Yang Xiaohua said, “At present, the implementation of eye exercises in primary and secondary schools involves temples, Sibai points, Fengchi Points, Du Mai points and earlobe eye points, which can dredge the eye meridians and relieve muscle tension, which is reasonable in traditional Chinese medicine.
at present, the pathological mechanism of myopia is very complex and there are many causes, so the treatment of myopia needs comprehensive correction methods. “At present, no one dares to say that myopia can be treated by doing eye exercises alone.”
myopia is due to the extension of the eye axis, resulting in the focus of light falling in front of the retina. Congenital heredity and acquired close eye use are the main causes of myopia. At present, there is no practical and effective method for treatment in medicine.
eye exercises are compiled according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. They can relieve eye fatigue by stimulating acupoints and massaging ciliary muscles. As a means to prevent myopia, they are reasonable. But eye exercises is only one of many measures to prevent myopia. It is impossible to prevent myopia only through eye exercises.
aim at the situation that primary and middle school students may not touch the acupoints and feel uncomfortable when doing eye exercises. Qiu Lixin believes that it also needs the supervision and guidance of parents and teachers to let children learn to knead the acupoints correctly.
prevention of myopia needs a multi pronged approach.
experts pointed out that the causes of students’ myopia have become increasingly diversified in recent years. With the continuous changes of primary and secondary school students’ nutritional status and physical health status, the time of using eyes and video homework are increasing, and the factors affecting students’ visual development are also changing.
need comprehensive means to prevent myopia. Eye exercises are only one of the eye protection measures. If other factors leading to myopia cannot be well controlled, it is impossible to prevent myopia only by doing eye exercises.
“children’s poor eyesight has a lot to do with their activities outside school and learning. Just doing eye exercises is not enough.”
“When I talk to my parents, I often find that children are playing games on their parents’ mobile phones. Some parents report that children get up at five o’clock in the morning in order to play computer games. I read the diaries written by the children. Some children say that they play computer games for three hours at once; have a birthday party and start playing iPad after eating cake. These habits will lead to poor eyesight and should be improved If you want to protect your eyesight, doing eye exercises alone is certainly not enough. ”
“computers, mobile phones and other electronic products have become the eyesight killers of children. Parents should encourage children to participate in outdoor activities, control the use time of mobile phones and computers, and pay more attention to rest when reading and watching videos for a long time.” Yang Xiaohua reminded parents that in addition to supervising children to do eye exercises carefully, they should also pay attention to life details, prevent vision loss caused by new problems such as excessive nutrition and excessive use of electronic products, and prevent myopia by various means.
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