Is myopia really that simple?

Abstract: the possibility of myopia suffering from open-angle glaucoma is about 8 times that of normal people, and the proportion of myopia in patients with open-angle glaucoma can reach about 50%, which will be higher in young patients with open-angle glaucoma.

because myopia is too common in contemporary society, many parents and children think myopia is not terrible. If children suffer from myopia, they can wear glasses and have surgery at a certain age.

really? In fact, the terrible thing about myopia is not only the decline of vision, but also the eye complications. It is gradually aggravated and increased with the increase of the age and degree of myopia of myopia patients, and it is mainly seen in pathological myopia.

and

internationally, myopia is generally divided into low myopia (- 0.25D – 3.00d), moderate myopia (- 3.00d – 6.00D), high myopia (- 6.00D – 9.00d) and ultra-high myopia (- 9.00d or above). Low to moderate myopia is mostly simple myopia, ultra-high myopia is pathological myopia, and high myopia includes simple myopia and pathological myopia. The higher the degree of high myopia, the higher the incidence of pathological myopia.

so, what are the complications of myopia?

First, glaucoma. The possibility of myopia suffering from open-angle glaucoma is about 8 times that of normal people, and the proportion of myopia in patients with open-angle glaucoma can reach about 50%, which will be higher in young patients with open-angle glaucoma. Pathological myopia with glaucoma is more likely to be missed than glaucoma caused by other causes, because the clinical manifestations of myopia will cover up the manifestations of glaucoma in the early stage.

second, lens diseases, mainly including cataract and lens dislocation, especially cataract. The cataract associated with pathological myopia is mainly nuclear cataract, and nuclear cataract can further deepen the degree of myopia. The complications of pathological myopia with cataract surgery were significantly increased.

third, retinal hole and retinal detachment. The incidence of retinal detachment in myopia is about 10 times higher than that in normal people, and the higher the degree of myopia, the higher the prevalence of retinal detachment and macular hole. The main manifestations of macular hole were visual acuity decreased significantly, visual object deformation and visual field defect; In the early stage of retinal detachment (non macular part), the main manifestation is flash, followed by visual acuity decline and visual field defect.

Wearing glasses or myopia surgery can indeed improve the vision of myopia patients, but it can not reduce the complications of myopia. Therefore, myopia is mainly based on prevention and supplemented by treatment! The prevention of myopia should start with dolls. Parents must not ignore it.