Is there really a basis for doing eye exercises to reduce the degree of myopia?

Abstract: we should effectively reduce the burden of students’ schoolwork, do not arbitrarily increase teaching hours, do not occupy holidays, weekends and winter and summer vacation time, organize students’ classes, and make overall arrangements for students’ homework time.

do eye exercises to reduce the degree of myopia, is there really a basis? The incidence rate of eye myopia in children and adolescents is controlled by

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and the three departments of the national health and Family Planning Commission, the Ministry of education and the State Administration of Physical Education jointly issued the document to strengthen the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents, and establish and improve the eye exercises system. Two times of eye exercises were included in the curriculum every day.

in recent years, the myopia rate of children and adolescents in China is on the rise, and it increases significantly with age. Myopia has become a serious problem affecting China’s national quality in the future. The notice of the three departments requires to reduce the use of eyes for a long time at close range, reduce the use of electronic video products, and ensure adequate sleep and balanced nutrition.

is attached with the original guiding opinions on strengthening the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents:

guiding opinions on strengthening the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents

gwbf [2016] No. 43

health and family planning commissions of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government The education department (Education Commission), the Sports Bureau, the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps Health Bureau, the Education Bureau and the Sports Bureau:

is effective in controlling the incidence rate of myopia in children and adolescents, and improving the vision health level of children and adolescents. Now we put forward the following guiding opinions on strengthening the prevention and control of children’s myopia.

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, strengthen publicity and education, and enhance the consciousness of healthy eye use. The publicity and education of

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is the primary link to prevent the occurrence of myopia in children and adolescents. All localities should make full use of various media, carry out multi-level and multi angle publicity and education, comprehensively popularize the knowledge of myopia prevention and control and healthy eye use of children and adolescents, and create a good atmosphere for the whole society to care about and pay attention to the prevention and control of myopia of children and adolescents. Local health and family planning departments should formulate scientific and standardized guidelines for myopia prevention and control, timely release authoritative myopia prevention and control knowledge, encourage medical personnel to give full play to their professional advantages, and actively carry out health education and scientific knowledge popularization of myopia prevention and control. We should cooperate with the education department to do a good job in the annual national “eye care day” theme publicity activities, and organize medical personnel to go deep into kindergartens, primary and secondary schools to guide the publicity and education on myopia prevention and control. Local education departments should give full play to the role of the school as the main position, implement vision health education activities at least once a semester, and educate students and parents on eye health knowledge by means of radio, bulletin board, parents’ meeting, parents’ letter and other forms, so as to strive for parents’ support and cooperation for students’ vision protection. Encourage and advocate students to often participate in outdoor activities, actively participate in physical exercise, especially table tennis, badminton and other sports activities beneficial to eye muscle exercise, maintain correct reading and writing posture, reduce short-range and long-time eye use, reduce the use of electronic video products, and ensure adequate sleep and balanced nutrition. Through extensive publicity, scientific eye knowledge will be introduced into schools, communities and families, so that children and parents can continuously enhance their awareness of healthy eye use.

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II. Pay attention to early detection and take effective intervention measures.

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grass-roots medical and health institutions should do a good job in the vision examination of children aged 3-6 in the national basic public health service projects in accordance with the requirements of the technical specifications for children’s eye and vision care and the national basic public health service specifications, so as to achieve early detection and early intervention. According to the requirements of the measures for the administration of health care in nurseries and kindergartens, nurseries and kindergartens shall regularly check the eyesight of children. If children with abnormal eyesight are found, they shall timely inform their parents to go to medical institutions for further diagnosis and treatment. All primary and secondary schools shall follow the prevention and control work plan for myopia of primary and secondary school students (hereinafter referred to as the prevention and control work plan) )It is required to establish a visual acuity regular monitoring system and check visual acuity regularly. Grade management shall be carried out for students with declining vision and mild myopia, and relevant measures shall be implemented. The health and family planning department shall, with the cooperation of the education department, do a good job in vision screening in kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, and provide professional and technical services and guidance. Explore the establishment of refractive development files of children and adolescents, conduct refractive screening for children and adolescents, screen abnormal or suspicious eye diseases such as ametropia in the early stage, find the tendency or trend of myopia in the early stage, formulate follow-up intervention measures, and try our best to reduce myopia, especially high myopia.

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III. implement scientific education and create a good eye environment.

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kindergartens should scientifically arrange one-day life, balance feeding meals, ensure outdoor activities, pay attention to eye hygiene and protect the eyesight of preschool children in accordance with the requirements of the measures for the administration of health care in nurseries and kindergartens and the guide for the learning and development of children aged 3-6. All primary and secondary schools shall, in accordance with the requirements of the prevention and control work plan, Guarantee various teaching facilities and conditions (lighting and lighting in classrooms and dormitories, desks and chairs, blackboards, etc.) meet the requirements of relevant national documents and standards, and provide students with a learning environment that meets the requirements of eye hygiene. Formulate a scientific work and rest system, and reasonably arrange courses and activities according to the principle of combination of static and dynamic, alternation of near vision and far vision. Establish and improve the eye exercises system, and include the time of eye exercises twice a day Enter the timetable and organize students to do eye exercises carefully. Ensure that students’ daily physical activity time in the school is not less than 1 hour, and urge students to participate in outdoor activities during recess. We should effectively reduce the burden of students’ schoolwork, do not arbitrarily increase teaching hours, do not occupy holidays, weekends and winter and summer holidays, organize students’ classes, and make overall arrangements for students’ homework time.

IV. strengthen personnel training and provide high-quality health care services.

local health and family planning departments should incorporate eye care services into the overall development of the medical service system, improve the service system and improve the service ability according to the requirements of the national eye health plan of the 13th five year plan. Strengthen scientific research on vision protection of children and adolescents, provide scientific and effective technologies and methods for myopia prevention and control, give full play to the characteristics and advantages of medical prevention and health care of traditional Chinese medicine, and use appropriate technologies of traditional Chinese medicine to do a good job in eye health care of children and adolescents. Strengthen the training of grass-roots ophthalmologists, eye health doctors and child health doctors, and improve the ability of vision screening, diagnosis and treatment of common eye diseases and emergency treatment. Pay attention to the training of optometrists to ensure that each county (city, district) has qualified optometrists to provide standardized services, andAccording to the progress of myopia in children and adolescents, choose scientific and reasonable correction methods. Local education departments shall, under the guidance of health and family planning departments, regularly organize training for leaders in charge, principals, head teachers School doctors (health care teachers) and parents should be trained to enhance their sense of responsibility, teach myopia prevention and control methods, and improve the level of eye health care services in schools.

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v. strengthen organization and leadership, and establish a comprehensive prevention and control mechanism

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Local health and family planning and education departments should cooperate closely, establish a mechanism to jointly promote the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents, incorporate the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents into relevant health and education development plans and important agendas, establish a provincial expert team for the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents, formulate work plans and clarify work tasks. Where conditions permit, we should actively carry out the pilot work of comprehensive prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents, explore and establish a long-term prevention and control mechanism integrating health education, monitoring and early warning, comprehensive intervention and tracking management, and promote the work in an all-round way from point to area. At the same time, we should establish a scientific and effective supervision and evaluation mechanism, incorporate the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents into the comprehensive assessment indicators of school quality education and basic public health services, timely organize special supervision and inspection, find problems in time, and ensure that all work measures are implemented in place.

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