Abstract: the ocular axis of patients with true myopia increases significantly than before, and this growth is irreversible, just as people can’t get shorter when they grow taller. According to expert analysis, the myopia degree of myopia patients increases by 300 degrees for every 1mm increase in the ocular axis. Most
children with myopia are dragged out. Many parents don’t have a deep understanding of this. When they find that their children have pseudomyopia, they don’t urge their children to use their eyes correctly in time, or give their children a pair of glasses early. It’s all right, but they don’t think that their children’s vision decline has not been alleviated, but is getting deeper and deeper. It is this “wait and wait” treatment that has become the culprit of children’s high myopia.
three stages of myopia development
pseudomyopia is functional and reversible. If the child’s ciliary muscle spasm is relieved and the eyeball is restored to its original state, it can prevent the formation of true myopia and block the development of myopia. If there is no good prevention and treatment at this time, the retina will stimulate the continuous development of sclera, cause the growth of ocular axis, and gradually evolve into true myopia.
true myopia stage
true myopia patients’ ocular axis increases significantly than before, and this growth is irreversible, just like people can’t get shorter when they grow taller. According to expert analysis, the myopia degree of myopia patients increases by 300 degrees for every 1mm increase in the ocular axis.
and myopia in young children develops very fast,
“high myopia stage”
High myopia generally means that the degree of myopia in adults is greater than 600 degrees and that in children is greater than 400 degrees. With the increase of ocular axis, the eyeball of myopia patients expands continuously. In the process of eyeball enlargement, the sclera and choroid can grow continuously according to the signal requirements inside the eye, but the retina cannot grow with it. In order to stick to the increased sclera and choroid, there will be many cracks or lattice degeneration around the retina, resulting in early lesions for retinal detachment in the future.
children’s eyes generally develop and mature at the age of 18. Therefore, when they are just short-sighted, teenagers are required to check their eyesight regularly. The ophthalmologist of aiyan hospital said: from the second and third grade of primary school, check your eyesight once a month. If you find that your eyesight has decreased, you should pay attention. When the vision drops to 1.0, positive measures should be taken in time. At the moment, we should pay more attention to eye hygiene, and parents should pay attention to supervision at ordinary times.
in addition, check the appropriate glasses. The occurrence and status of myopia in different children are different, and the fitting of glasses can not be “one size fits all”. It is necessary to consider the prescription of glasses in combination with various factors such as eye position (whether there is internal or external oblique), accommodation, refractive status (whether there is anisometropia, whether there is excessive astigmatism), etc. the “appropriate” of glasses is more important than “accurate”.
control the growth of myopia in young people, and pay attention to the frequent examination of myopia and more supervision of
myopia “Golden correction period”
experts said: when children are just myopia, most of them are pseudomyopia, and the diopter is generally no more than 200 degrees. This period is the golden period of correction, which is very easy to correct. Wearing corneal shaping glasses can effectively delay the development of children’s myopia, but there are strict requirements for the fitting of corneal shaping glasses. Parents should take their children to a qualified fitting institution for inspection and fitting. At the same time, it should be noted that corneal shaping glasses have strong medical attributes. Children who wear them must follow the doctor’s advice and return to the hospital on schedule.
myopia control don’t delay to prevent complications
some parents think their children are still young. They can’t carry out glasses correction until their children grow up. As a result, their children miss the best treatment time and their eyesight is getting worse and worse until they become highly myopia. We should know that high myopia is the biggest culprit of eye complications. Eye diseases such as flying mosquito, cataract, retinal detachment, glaucoma and vitreous diseases are common complications of high myopia.