Abstract: Teenagers’ eyes are still in the development stage, and the degree of myopia will continue to increase. In this case, the growth of myopia can be well controlled if appropriate glasses are worn; On the contrary, if glasses are not worn properly, it will accelerate the growth of juvenile myopia. Generally, senior optometrists will give appropriate optometry schemes from the perspective of medical optometry.
nowadays, there are more and more people suffering from myopia, and the age is gradually decreasing, especially children. The causes of myopia include congenital genetic factors; The living environment also affects children’s visual development. At present, the popularization of juvenile myopia knowledge in China is insufficient, and parents often form a lot of wrong views in life. For example, if myopia is noticed, the posture will be good, and there is no need to wear glasses; Myopia, where the glasses are the same, do not need to go to the hospital and so on. In fact, these views are very harmful to children’s vision.
Teenagers’ eyes are still in the development stage, and the degree of myopia will continue to increase. In this case, the growth of myopia can be well controlled if appropriate glasses are worn; On the contrary, if glasses are not worn properly, it will accelerate the growth of juvenile myopia. Generally, senior optometrists will give appropriate optometry schemes from the perspective of medical optometry.
should first pay attention to eye hygiene, improve the learning environment, correct all kinds of bad eye habits, pay attention to outdoor activities and increase outdoor recreational and sports activities. Watch TV, watch videos and play amusement machines in moderation. If it is pseudomyopia, it can be recovered.
myopia without glasses for a long time may form ametropic amblyopia, resulting in the decline of corrected vision. Vision will not recover slowly because of not wearing glasses. Eyes can recover slowly according to the doctor’s instructions, not without glasses.
children’s myopia how to wear glasses correctly
children’s poor eyesight should first distinguish true and false myopia. There are many reasons for children’s poor eyesight. In addition to organic reasons, hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism and other refractive errors can be caused. Pseudomyopia, called regulatory myopia in medicine, is caused by excessive regulation of ciliary muscle. Pseudomyopia disappears after ciliary muscle paralysis and pupil removal. The degree of true myopia still exists after pupil dilation. In fact, this is also a common phenomenon in life.
in our daily life, we must pay attention to myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. It is suggested that we must have optometry and wear glasses in time. If it is determined to be false myopia, it is recommended to pay attention to eye hygiene to prevent eye fatigue. When the intraocular pressure is not high, you can order some eye drops to adjust tension and fatigue before going to bed. After finding that the child has poor eyesight, go to a regular hospital for ophthalmic examination to eliminate organic diseases. If it is a child under 12 years old, it is best to put the pupil with 1% atropine for the first optometry, and then optometry after complete paralysis of ciliary muscle. You must go to a regular hospital for glasses.
don’t blindly match the glasses, which will affect our healthy life. Children over 13 years old can use compound tropicamide rapid pupillary optometry. According to the optometry results, the eye position and visual acuity shall be fully considered during the retest, and the appropriate degree of re matching glasses shall be given. In order to save trouble, do not enlarge the pupil, that is, optometry and glasses, because children have great individual differences and strong eye adjustment. In clinical work, it is often seen that small pupil optometry is myopia, and after pupil opening optometry is hyperopia. In clinical practice, children’s discomfort with glasses affects vision correction. The most common reasons are inaccurate optometry and inappropriate degree, and some are even misdiagnosed as amblyopia.
some people wear glasses because they like to wear glasses. For the first time, it is recommended to go to professional ophthalmic optometry. If the doctor or optometrist checks the light and gives an appropriate prescription for glasses, it is also crucial to register according to the prescription. At work, we often see that the inconsistency between glasses and prescriptions, astigmatism axis deviation, horizontal axis inconsistency and pupil distance inconsistency lead to children’s discomfort and affect vision correction. Therefore, I would like to remind parents that children must go to regular professional ophthalmology for optometry and glasses for the first time. If it is not particularly serious, we must treat it as soon as possible.
how to prevent myopia
1. When reading and writing, children should not lie on the table with their head tilted, nor lie down or sit in the car to read. The posture of reading and writing must be correct.
2. When writing and reading, keep the distance between your body and the book about 30 cm.
3. Don’t use your eyes for a long time, especially when using the computer, watching TV, reading and writing. It’s best not to exceed 40 minutes. After using your eyes, you should rest in time for about 10 minutes, do eye exercises, look at the green scenery in the distance, or close your eyes and have a rest.
4. The indoor light should be sufficient and soft. You can’t study in the strong sun. You can choose non stroboscopic lamps, such as incandescent lamps.
5. Eat a balanced diet. Don’t be picky. Eat more foods beneficial to the eyes, such as carrots, tomatoes, corn, spinach and other red foods, which have a health care effect on the eyes.
vision are closely related to diet. Reasonable matching with children’s diet and balanced nutrition can promote children’s vision health.