More than 80% of high school students’ myopia has attracted national attention! The three departments issued a document to strengthen prevention and control

Abstract: who data show that China has the highest prevalence of myopia in the world. The myopia rate of primary school students is over 25%, that of junior middle school students is nearly 70%, and that of senior high school students is 85%. The myopia rate increases at a rate of 8% every year, ranking first in the world., According to the official website of the State Health Planning Commission, in October 31st, the State Health Planning Commission issued a document that, in order to effectively control the incidence rate of myopia in children and adolescents and improve the vision health level of children and adolescents, the national health and Family Planning Commission, the Ministry of education and the general office of the State Sports General Administration jointly issued the “guidance on strengthening prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents”. Who data show that China has the highest prevalence of myopia in the world. The myopia rate of primary school students is over 25%, that of junior middle school students is nearly 70%, and that of senior high school students is 85%. The myopia rate increases at a rate of 8% every year, ranking first in the world., According to the results of the national survey on students’ physical health in 2014, the poor vision rates of primary school students aged 7-12, junior middle school students aged 13-15, senior high school students aged 16-18 and college students aged 19-22 were 45.71%, 74.36%, 83.28% and 86.36% respectively. In the face of such a huge amount of bad data of juvenile myopia, the problem of juvenile myopia has attracted more and more attention in the society. It has become an urgent task to prevent and control juvenile myopia., In this regard, the guiding opinions strengthen the prevention and control of myopia from five aspects: first, strengthen publicity and education and enhance the awareness of healthy eye use: implement vision health education activities at least once a semester., II. Pay attention to early detection and take effective intervention measures: establish a regular vision monitoring system and check vision regularly. Grade management shall be carried out for students with declining vision and mild myopia, and relevant measures shall be implemented., III. implement scientific education and create a good eye environment: establish and improve the eye exercises system, incorporate the time of eye exercises twice a day into the curriculum, and organize students to do eye exercises carefully. Ensure that students’ daily physical activity time in the school is not less than 1 hour, and urge students to participate in outdoor activities during recess. We should effectively reduce the burden on students’ schoolwork, do not arbitrarily increase teaching hours, and do not occupy holidays, weekends and winter and summer vacation to organize students to attend classes., According to the official website of the State Health Planning Commission,

, in October 31st, the State Health Planning Commission issued a document that, in order to effectively control the incidence rate of myopia in children and adolescents and improve the vision health level of children and adolescents, the national health and Family Planning Commission, the Ministry of education and the general office of the State Sports General Administration jointly issued the “guiding opinions on strengthening the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents”.

who data show that China has the highest prevalence of myopia in the world. The myopia rate of primary school students is over 25%, that of junior middle school students is nearly 70%, and that of senior high school students is 85%. The myopia rate increases at a rate of 8% every year, ranking first in the world.

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2014 national student physical health survey results show that the poor vision rates of primary school students aged 7-12, junior middle school students aged 13-15, senior high school students aged 16-18 and college students aged 19-22 are 45.71%, 74.36%, 83.28% and 86.36% respectively. In the face of such a large number of bad data of juvenile myopia, the problem of juvenile myopia has attracted more and more attention in the society. It has become an urgent task to prevent and control juvenile myopia.

and

strengthen the prevention and control of myopia from five aspects: first, strengthen publicity and education and enhance the awareness of healthy eye use: implement vision health education activities at least once a semester.

II. Pay attention to early detection and take effective intervention measures: establish a visual acuity regular monitoring system and check visual acuity regularly. Grade management shall be carried out for students with declining vision and mild myopia, and relevant measures shall be implemented.

III. implement scientific education and create a good eye environment: establish and improve the eye exercises system, incorporate the time of eye exercises twice a day into the curriculum, and organize students to do eye exercises carefully. Ensure that students’ daily physical activity time in the school is not less than 1 hour, and urge students to participate in outdoor activities during recess. We should effectively reduce the burden on students’ schoolwork, do not arbitrarily increase teaching hours, and do not occupy holidays, weekends and winter and summer vacation to organize students to attend classes.

IV. strengthen talent training and provide high-quality health care services: regularly organize training for leaders in charge, principals, head teachers, school doctors (health teachers) and parents, enhance the sense of responsibility, teach myopia prevention and control methods, and improve the level of eye care services in the school.

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v. strengthen organizational leadership and establish a comprehensive prevention and control mechanism: establish a scientific and effective supervision and evaluation mechanism, incorporate the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents into the comprehensive assessment indicators of school quality education and basic public health services, and organize special supervision and inspection in due time.

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