Abstract: if the child is suffering from pseudomyopia, do not wear glasses, we must pay close attention to treatment, otherwise it is very easy to become true myopia within 3 ~ 6 months. Children under the age of 12 find that most of the early stage of myopia belong to pseudomyopia.
children are nearsighted. How to judge whether to match glasses for children? First of all, we should judge which stage the child’s myopia is in: whether it belongs to false myopia, mixed myopia or true myopia. To accurately identify the category of myopia, you must go to a professional ophthalmic institution and pass the medical judgment of ophthalmologists and the comprehensive test of optometrists.
if the child suffers from pseudomyopia, do not wear glasses and be sure to pay close attention to treatment, otherwise it is very easy to become true myopia within 3 ~ 6 months. Children under the age of 12 find that most of the early stage of myopia belong to pseudomyopia. According to the results of visual function examination, the treatment methods mainly include adjusting eye habits, paying attention to eye hygiene, strengthening nutrition and health care, and cooperating with visual training. Short-term pseudomyopia can be eliminated.
mixed myopia. If the child’s myopia has both false myopia and true myopia, but the true myopia is not high within 100 degrees, he can not wear glasses. He can adjust his eye habits, pay attention to eye hygiene and strengthen nutritional health care, and cooperate with visual training to gradually improve his eyesight.
true myopia. After excluding false myopia, if the child’s eyes still have true myopia of more than 100 degrees, it should be considered to wear appropriate glasses for the child. In order to control the further decline of children’s vision, active treatment measures should be taken at the same time, such as paying attention to eye hygiene, strengthening nutritional health care, cooperating with visual training, etc. Otherwise, children’s myopia will increase by about 75 degrees a year until they are about 18 years old.
five procedures for glasses matching for true myopia are indispensable. The first step of
is to do eye health related examinations, including slit lamp and fundus lens. Slit lamp examination can rule out eye diseases such as keratitis, trichiasis and cataract, and fundus endoscopy can rule out diseases such as glaucoma, which may cause vision loss;
the second step is to dilate the pupils. For the first time, the pupil must be dilated regardless of age. The pupil dilation time under the age of 12 should be more than one week. The pupil can be dilated for a short time over the age of 12. Drop medori mydriatic solution 4 times continuously, with an interval of 5 minutes each time; The third step of
is comprehensive optometry. On the basis of objective optometry such as computer optometry and retinoscopy optometry, subjective optometry through comprehensive optometry instrument;
the fourth step is to check the binocular visual function. Through inspection, we can find out the coordination degree of the collection and dispersion of binocular vision, which can make the matched glasses more suitable; The fifth step of
is to try it on. Trying on glasses is an important step in the process of optometry and glasses matching. The purpose of the audition is to let the optician fully experience the visual effect after glasses matching. Whether the audition is appropriate will directly affect the glasses matching.
combine the above five steps to match glasses. Only in this way can glasses be more suitable.