Most parents make such mistakes when their children are short-sighted

Abstract: according to the survey, Both parents are highly myopic (generally more than 600 degrees), and the probability of myopia inherited from the baby is about 40%; if one of them is highly myopic, the probability of inheritance can be reduced to 20%; however, if both parents are low myopia, the probability of inheritance is much smaller.

China is a big country with myopia. The myopia rate of post-80s and 90s is generally high. Many myopic young couples begin to worry that their next generation can’t get rid of the problem of myopia like themselves.

and

in the past, most children may not start myopia until their studies in junior middle school and senior high school are heavy, but now, many children are myopia before they go to primary school. So, what causes children’s myopia? Is myopia related to heredity? What should parents do scientifically after children’s myopia? We have sorted out the following contents for parents and friends’ reference ~

when will the first child develop normal vision?

and

human beings do not have 1.0 vision at birth. Everyone can only see blurred black-and-white images at birth. With the stimulation of external visual information, various functions of the eyeball develop slowly. They can see their parents’ faces in about three months and watch for a long time in 6 months. Their vision is coordinated with subtle movements at the age of 1, and they develop into adult vision at the age of 6 and 7. The visual acuity level of different age groups is different. When the visual acuity can not reach the level of normal age, it is called amblyopia.

second parents have myopia, will they inherit it to their children?

survey shows that, Both parents are highly myopic (generally more than 600 degrees), and the probability of myopia inherited from the baby is about 40%; if one of them is highly myopic, the probability of inheritance can be reduced to 20%; however, if both parents are low myopia, the probability of inheritance is much smaller.

The above is the genetic probability. In the clinic, about 10% of children with myopia aged 3-6 are due to genetic myopia. Some doctors have observed from thousands of medical records that if children have myopia and astigmatism at the age of 5-10, one or both of their parents have eye diseases such as myopia, amblyopia and astigmatism.

therefore, excluding the causes of the acquired environment, children aged 3-6 years old have high myopia, which is closely related to heredity.

the third child is nearsighted. What are the wrong practices of parents?

after confirming that the child has myopia, what should parents do? Due to the lack of correct eye care knowledge, many parents have some misconceptions and prejudices about myopia, and intervene in the correction of children’s myopia accordingly. Here are some misconceptions and prejudices that parents often have.

1 misunderstanding: children are still young and do not need glasses.

some parents worry that children wear glasses at a young age and will be ridiculed by their peers. They also think that if children wear glasses for a long time, their myopia will deepen and they will never take off their glasses. The truth of

and

: whether the degree of myopia is deepened has little to do with glasses, but is caused by the change of refractive state of the eye itself. Wearing glasses is to correct myopia, and wearing correct glasses itself will not lead to myopia. For example, wearing corneal shaping glasses can effectively prevent the rapid deepening of myopia. Parents and children should face the problem of matching glasses with a good attitude.

2 misunderstanding: glasses do not need to wear

all the time. Some parents think that children only need to wear frame glasses when listening to the blackboard or writing and reading. They can not wear them in ordinary life.

truth: whether frame glasses need to be worn all the time depends mainly on the degree and vision, If the degree is high (more than 200 degrees), it is generally recommended to wear glasses all the time. Families with conditions suggest that children use corneal shaping glasses. By wearing them at night, they can have clear naked vision during the day, so as to obtain better visual quality and the development speed of myopia will be relatively slow; it is also a wise choice for patients with large degree difference between the two sides to use corneal shaping glasses.

3 misunderstanding: eye protection lamps and eye protection instruments can alleviate myopia.

now many businesses in the market sell eye protection lamps and eye protection instruments to parents and friends under the banner that products can effectively alleviate or treat children’s myopia. Some parents believe them and buy them for children at a high price. Truth of

and

: at present, there is no data to prove that eye protection lamps can alleviate myopia. It is generally believed that desk lamps can be as long as they are bright enough, soft and comfortable, not too dark, not too dazzling and not flickering.