Myopia brings 5 major hazards and 4 nutrients keep you away from myopia

Abstract: the prevalence of high myopia is very high, about 1%. High myopia can cause many serious complications, most of which will cause blindness. It is one of the common causes of blindness in adults, accounting for the sixth place in China., High myopia refers to ametropia with myopia greater than 400-600 degrees, accompanied by degenerative diseases such as eye axis elongation, fundus retina and choroidal atrophy. The etiology, pathogenesis, treatment and prevention of high myopia are different from those of general myopia. In China, high myopia is autosomal recessive. The manifestations are myopia in preschool children, the degree of myopia increases gradually, and the fundus retinochoroidopathy worsens year by year, resulting in many serious complications. Therefore, high myopia is also called pathological myopia, malignant myopia, degenerative myopia, progressive myopia and genetic myopia.,

high myopia refers to ametropia with myopia degree greater than 400-600 degrees, accompanied by degenerative diseases such as axial elongation, fundus retina and choroid atrophy. The etiology, pathogenesis, treatment and prevention of high myopia are different from those of general myopia. In China, high myopia is autosomal recessive. The manifestations are myopia in preschool children, the degree of myopia increases gradually, and the fundus retinochoroidopathy worsens year by year, resulting in many serious complications. Therefore, high myopia is also called pathological myopia, malignant myopia, degenerative myopia, progressive myopia and genetic myopia. The prevalence of

high myopia is very high, about 1%. High myopia can cause many serious complications, most of which will cause blindness. It is one of the common causes of blindness in adults, accounting for the sixth place in blinding diseases in China. What are the hazards of high myopia to patients? How to stay away from these hazards? Do you understand? The main hazards are as follows: 1. Posterior scleral staphyloma: the incidence is 77.1%. The main manifestations were posterior expansion of the posterior pole of the eyeball, degeneration and atrophy of the optic nerve and perimacular retina, and decreased corrected visual acuity. The higher the degree of myopia, the higher the incidence of posterior scleral staphyloma. Harm II retinal atrophy, degeneration, hemorrhage and hole: due to factors such as lengthening of ocular axis and posterior scleral staphyloma, patients with high myopia are prone to retinal degeneration and hole, causing hemorrhage and retinal detachment, leading to blindness. Harm III subretinal neovascularization: the incidence is 5% – 40%. It is manifested as subretinal neovascularization in the posterior pole, causing bleeding and affecting vision. Harm 4 retinal detachment, cataract and glaucoma: due to scleral expansion and retinal degeneration, the chance of retinal detachment in patients with high myopia is 7-8 times higher than that in patients with non high myopia. The chance of high myopia complicated with cataract and glaucoma is also higher than that of normal people. Harm 5 high myopia will not only affect daily life, but also bring many complications to patients, such as retinal detachment, cataract, macular hemorrhage and macular degeneration, vitreous liquefaction degeneration, glaucoma, etc. the higher the degree, the greater the possibility of complications, and even lead to blindness and eyeball atrophy. Supplement 4 nutrients to prevent myopia 1. Protein: as for sclera (white eye), it can become the tough shell of the eye, which is due to the fact that it contains a variety of essential amino acids and forms a very strong fibrous tissue. Although the sclera has certain toughness, it is still weak in the anterior and posterior diameter of the ocular axis. Meat, fish, eggs, milk and other foods are not only rich in protein, but also contain all necessary amino acids. 2. Calcium: calcium is the main component of bone and sclera. The high content of calcium plays a major role in enhancing the toughness of sclera. Animal bones such as cattle bones, pig bones and sheep bones are included in the food. Calcium is rich and easy to be absorbed and utilized by the human body. Others, such as milk, bean products, shrimp skin, shrimp, eggs, rape, Chinese cabbage, peanuts, jujube and so on, also contain more calcium. 3. Zinc: myopia patients generally lack chromium and zinc. Myopia patients should eat more foods containing more zinc. Foods such as soybeans, almonds, laver, kelp, mutton, yellow croaker, milk, tea, beef and liver contain more zinc and chromium, which can be increased appropriately. 4. Vitamins: vitamins are essential nutrients for human body. Although the human body’s demand for them is very small, they play a very important role in human material and energy metabolism. More vitamins A, B1, B2, C and e should be added appropriately. Foods rich in vitamins include eggs, milk, meat, fish, liver, fresh vegetables and fruits.