Abstract: Recently, a microblog asserting that eye exercises are useless or even harmful has been widely spread on the Internet in recent days. In fact, eye exercises have never been a “panacea” for the prevention and treatment of myopia, but its role in alleviating visual fatigue is well documented.
a microblog said: “in the world, only China does eye exercises and massages useless acupoints. In the past 49 years, the myopia rate of Chinese teenagers has risen to the second in the world, reaching 360 million people. Doing eye exercises can not improve their eyesight. Many students massage with dirty hands, resulting in red eye disease, eye infection, etc.”
in fact, the new version of eye exercises promoted by primary and middle school students has optimized the action to reduce the probability of hand borne germs. Professionals in the education and health sectors confirmed this in an interview. The inference of “harmful” is far fetched. The relevant person in charge of the Department of sports, health, and art of the Municipal Education Commission said that eye exercises for primary and middle school students are a unified regulation of the Ministry of education, and as a local education administrative department, they will be implemented in strict accordance with the relevant regulations. From a medical point of view, massage can promote blood circulation around the eyes, relax the ciliary muscles, and relieve eye fatigue to a certain extent. It is far fetched to draw the conclusion that eye exercises are harmful to vision because dirty hands are easy to cause diseases in contact with eyes. In fact, the new version of eye exercises in 2008 has cancelled the action of scraping the eye socket, increased the action of kneading the earlobe and toe grasping the ground, and the fingers are far away from the eyes, reducing the probability of spreading diseases by dirty hands. Dr. Zhu Jianfeng, director of the prevention and treatment department of the municipal eye disease prevention and control center, also pointed out that they had undertaken a task entrusted by the Municipal Health Bureau to investigate the health care effects of different kinds of eye exercises and eye exercises. The results show that eye exercises can effectively alleviate visual fatigue. But true myopia is irreversible. There are many objective factors for the rise of myopia rate, which can not be solved by a few minutes of eye exercises every day. The child’s eye care efforts are “high incidence rate of juvenile myopia, many reasons, and heavy burden of schoolwork, multimedia equipment popularization, environmental pollution and so on, all of which need to work together to protect children’s eyes.” The person in charge of the Department of sports, health and art of the Municipal Education Commission said that in recent years, the city’s education, health and other relevant departments have taken a series of measures to improve the eye environment for students. Since 2008, the city has completed the lighting project of 45000 primary and secondary school classrooms. The local standard of Shanghai code for classroom lighting design of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens was also implemented in September 2011, which realized the improvement of classroom lighting comfort, improved the control index of glare, lighting power density value and added lighting classification requirements for multimedia classrooms. Since January 1 this year, the Shanghai local standard “safety, health and quality requirements for schoolbooks in primary and secondary schools” has been officially implemented. The schoolbooks in primary and secondary schools have been adjusted in terms of paper and grid settings to make children more comfortable.
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