Ophthalmologists talk about the prevention and treatment of myopia at all ages

Abstract: prevention and prediction of juvenile myopia. There should be a good and reasonable way from pen holding posture to computer homework. Beware of pathological myopia (posterior scleral reinforcement when necessary). Medical optometry, scientific glasses, regular reexamination, and standard glasses wear. Myopia prevention is not a matter of a certain age group. We should pay attention to myopia prevention at any time. To prevent myopia, we should first develop good eye habits. Here’s how to formulate a prevention and treatment plan for myopia aged 0 ~ 60. 1. Myopia of preschool children (0 ~ 6 years old): screen high myopia (family history) related to heredity; exclude other congenital eye diseases and focus on the prevention of amblyopia. 2. Juvenile myopia (before the age of 18): prevention and prediction. There should be good and reasonable ways from pen holding posture to computer operation. Be alert to pathological myopia (posterior scleral reinforcement if necessary). Medical optometry, scientific glasses matching, regular reexamination, standard glasses wearing. 3. Adult myopia (18 ~ 55 years old): medical optometry is very important. To reasonably match glasses, individualized excimer laser surgery can be implemented: LASIK and safer minimally invasive excimer laser surgery LASEK (laser surgery is the first choice for mild to moderate myopia). 4. Particularity of ultra-high myopia: posterior scleral reinforcement combined with excimer laser or intraocular lens implantation with crystalline eyes (22-50 years old). We should pay attention to retinal complications and the combination of glaucoma. 5. Individualized treatment of myopia in the middle-aged and elderly (over 40 years old): for the middle-aged and elderly people who pursue the quality of life and now have more and more desire to drive, we should not only consider the correction of myopia, but also consider the problem of presbyopia (aging). The preoperative design of laser surgery, such as the design of monocular vision, needs special attention. The above is the introduction of different prevention and treatment schemes for myopia at all ages from 0 to 60 years old.

Preventing myopia is not a matter of a certain age. We should pay attention to preventing myopia at any time. To prevent myopia, we should first develop good eye habits. Let’s talk about formulating a prevention and treatment plan for myopia aged 0 ~ 60.

  1、 Myopia of preschool children (0 ~ 6 years old): screen for high myopia related to heredity (family history); exclude other congenital eye diseases and focus on the prevention of amblyopia.

2. Juvenile myopia (before the age of 18): prevention and prediction. There should be good and reasonable ways from pen holding posture to computer homework. Be vigilant against pathological myopia (posterior scleral reinforcement if necessary). Medical optometry, scientific glasses matching, regular reexamination, and standard glasses wearing.

3. Adult myopia (18 ~ 55 years old): medical optometry is very important. To reasonably match glasses, individualized excimer laser surgery can be implemented: LASIK and safer minimally invasive excimer laser surgery LASEK (the first choice of laser surgery for mild to moderate myopia).

4. Particularity of ultra-high myopia: posterior scleral reinforcement combined with excimer laser or intraocular lens implantation with crystalline eyes (22-50 years old). We should pay attention to retinal complications and the combination of glaucoma.

5. Individualized management of myopia in the middle-aged and elderly (over 40 years old): for the middle-aged and elderly people who pursue the quality of life and now have more and more desire to drive, we should not only consider the correction of myopia, but also consider the problem of presbyopia (aging). The preoperative design of laser surgery, such as the design of monocular vision, needs special attention.

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are the contents of different prevention and treatment schemes for myopia at different ages from 0 to 60 years old.

myopia has a certain genetic tendency, which has been recognized, especially for high myopia.